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12.Volksgrenadier-Division

Unit Emblems


12.Volksgrenadier-Division Emblem  

Lineage


  • Wehrgauleitung Schwerin
  • Infanterief├╝hrer II
  • 12.Infanterie-Division
  • 12.Grenadier-Division
  • 12.Volksgrenadier-Division

History


The 12.Volksgrenader-Division was formed in October, 1944 from the 12.Grenadier-Division, a temporary designation given to the 12.Infanterie-Division that was destroyed in July, 1944.

The newly formed 12.Volksgrenadier-Division was dispatched west to the I.SS-Panzerkorps for the Ardennes Offensive of December 1944. US Army Intelligence attributed it to be the best infantry formation in the 6.Panzerarmee at the time. The division aquitted itself well in the ensuing battles, but was forced into the general retreat of German forces from the Ardennes salient as the offensive petered out.

Later attached to the II.SS-Panzerkorps as 6.Panzerarmee was diverted to Hungary, the 12.Volksgrenadier-Division fought at the Roer river against the advancing US 9th Army, and eventually found itself encircled in the Ruhr pocket along with the rest of Heeresgruppe B in April 1945. It's last commander, Generalmajor Ernst Konig, surrendered at Wuppertal on April 18, 1945.

Organization


1944
Fusilier-Regiment 27
Grenadier-Regiment 48
Grenadier-Regiment 89
Artillerie-Regiment 12
Artillerie-Regiment I./48
Fusilier-Flak-Abteilung 12
12th Divisional Support Units

Knights Cross Holders



War Service


Dates Korps Armee Armeegrupp Area
10.44 LXXXI 7. Armee B Aachen, H├╝rtgenwald
11.44-12.44 LXXXI 5. Pz. Armee B Aachen, Ardennen
1.45 Reserve 6. Pz. Armee B Ardennen
2.45-3.45 LVIII 15. Armee B Eifel, Roer
4.45 LVIII 5. Pz. Armee B Ruhrkessel

German Bibliography


  • Die deutschen Infanterie-Divisonen, Band 1-3, by Werner Haupt
  • Die deutsche Feldpostübersicht 1939-1945, Band 1-3, by Nobert Kannapin
  • Die Pflege der Tradition der alten Armee in Reichsheer und im der Wehrmacht, by Schirmer/Wiener
  • Die Truppenkennzeichen... der deutchen Wehrmacht u. Waffen-SS, Band 1-4, by Schmitz/Thies
  • Der Zweite Weltkrieg im Kartenbild, Band 1-3, by Klaus-Jurgen Thies
  • Deutsche Verbände und Truppen 1918-1939, by George Tessin
  • Verbände und Truppen der deutchen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS..., Band 1-14, by Georg Tessin
  • Formationsgeschichte und Stellenbesetzung 1815-1939, Teil 1, der deutschen Heer, Band 1-3, by Günter Wegner
  • Die Deutsche Wehrmacht u. Waffen-SS, Ihre Kommando. u. Grossverbände... im Zweiten Weltkrieg, author unknown
  • Das Reichsheer und Seine Tradition, author unknown
  • Deutsche Rote Kreuz Suchdienst, Divisionsschicksale, author unknown

English Bibliography (Available on Amazon)