The 132.Infanterie-Division first saw action in the Balkans Region on anti-partisan and securityoperations, moving through the areas of Marburg/Drau-Cilli-Agram-Banja Luka to the area of Sarajevo.The Division was relieved by the 718.Infanterie-Division in late May of 1941.After security duties in the occupied areas of the Balkans, the Division was transfered to theEastern Front in preperation for the planned attack on the Soviet Union.
During the Invasion of the Soviet Union the 132.Infanterie-Division advanced through Lemberg,Ostrog/Rowno, Shitomir and other areas until it arrived in the area of Kiev. It took part inthe fighting at Jusefowka, Berejaslaw and Jerkowzy, and later paused near the region of Cherson-Perekopat the start of the Crimea. After taking part in the advance into the Crimea in November of 1941,the Divisions main service was during the siege of the Soviet fortress of Sevestapol at the southwestern base ofthe Crimean Peninsula. The Division took part in not only the seige but also the assault into thecity itself and helped to crush the Russian defenses and take the vitally important city.The 132.Infanterie-Division fought in the Crimea from November 1941 until September of 1942, when itwas transfered to Armeegruppe Nord.
After seeing action in the Crimea region, in September of 1942, the 132.Infanterie-Division wasshifted to the Leningrad Front where it became a part of the 18.Armee which was attempting tobreak through the lines around the city. It fought in the Mga positions, at Gaitolowoand Tschernaja. It help positions against the Pogostje Pocket, and fought at Smerdynia as well.Unlike Sevestapol though, Leningrad held and in 1944 the 132.Infanterie-Division was eventuallyforced into a series of withdrawls and retreats, finally ending the War in the Kourland Pocket,trapped by the rapidly advancing Soviets until its surrender in May of 1945.