• Westwall 1939
  • Western Campaign 1940
  • Balkan Campaign 1941
  • Balkan Occupation 1941-1943
  • Eastern Front 1945


The 12. Armee was established on 13 October 1939. Initially they served as security on the Western Frontier in the Eifel from 13 October 1939 through 9 May 1940. Beginning on 10 May 1940 through 25 June 1940 they fought in the Western Campaign and then from 26 June 1940 through the end of December 1940 they served as occupying forces in France.

From 3 January 1941 through 5 April 1941 they were located first in Rumania then in Bulgaria.

From 6 April 1941 through 10 May 1941 they fought in the Balkan Campaign, first in Yugoslavia and then in Greece. From 11 May 1941 until 23 January 1943 they serve as occupation forces in Greece, Crete and the Aegean Islands. They were dissolved on 23 January 1943 becoming Heeresgruppe “E”. They were in the Balkans from 3 January 1941 through 23 January 1943, a total of 751 days.

The 12. Armee was reformed on 10 April 1945 from remnants of Heeresgruppenkommandos Nord. They fought to the end in the east.


Korück 560
Armee-Nachschubführer 561
Armee-Nachrichten-Regiment 521

after reformation

Höherer Arko AOK 12


Wilhelm List 10.13.1939
after reformation
Walther Wenck 4.10.1945

Calendar of Battles and Engagements

Western Campaign Calendar of Battles and Engagements
1.Securityof the Western Border in the Eifel Region.10.13.19395.9.1940210
2.AdvanceAcross Luxemburg. Breakthrough the Southern Fortifications in the Ardennesand Pursuit Fighting to Semois.5.10.19405.12.19403
3.BreakthroughBattles by Sedan and Charleville,5.13.19405.15.19403
4.PursuitFighting from the Maas River to the Oise and Aisne Rivers.5.16.19405.20.19405
5.DefensiveFighting by La Fére to Chemin des Dames and the Aisne River.5.21.19406.4.194015
6.BreakthroughBattles across the French Aisne Front.6.9.19406.13.19405
7.PursuitFighting across the Champagne Region and over the Rhein-Marne Canal to theSwiss Border.6.14.1940 6.17.19404
8.PursuitFighting on Both Sides of Cote d’Or.6.18.19406.22.19405
9.AttackFighting against Isére and the Western Alps.6.23.19406.25.19403
10.Securityon the Demarcation Line.6.26.19407.2.19407
11.Occupationof France.7.3.194012.31.1940182
Balkan Campaign Calendar of Battles and Engagements
1.Deploymentin Rumania.1.3.19413.1.194158
2.MarchingThrough Bulgaria3.2.19414.5.194135
3.BreakthroughSouthern Serbia to the Albanian Frontier.4.6.19414.12.19417
4.BreakthroughBattles to the Metaxas Line and Capture of Saloniki.4.6.19414.9.19414
5.Advanceon Belgrad [Panzer-Gruppe 1]4.8.19414.12.19415
a.AttackBattles Around Pirot-Nis.4.8.19414.9.19412
b.PursuitBattles Over Nis-Kragujevas Towards Belgrad.4.9.19414.12.19414
c.BreakthroughSouth of Temesvar and Advance on Belgrad.4.11.19414.12.19412
6.FightingNear Vevi-Ptolemais and Advance on Aliakmon.4.10.19414.14.19415
7.Battlefor Olympus.4.14.19414.18.19415
8.PursuitFighting to Thessalien and Advance on Jamina.4.19.19414.21.19413
9.Battlesby Thermopylen and Pursuit Fighting by Athens.4.22.19414.27.19416
10.Conquestof the Peloponnes.4.27.19414.30.19414
11.Occupationof the Aegian Islands.4.15.19415.10.194126
13.SecuringAegian Islands.by5.11.1941
14.Conquestof Crete [Luftlande-Operation Kreta].5.20.19416.1.194113
a.Fightingfor Malemes, Chania and Suda Bay.5.20.19415.27.19418
b.Fightingfor Rethimmon.5.20.19415.30.194111
c.Fightingfor Iraklion.5.20.19415.29.194110
d.Fightingaround Suda Bay and Advance on Rethimmon and Iraklion.5.27.19415.30.19414
e.Advanceon Sfakia and Capture of Skakia.5.29.19416.1.19414
15.Securityof Crete and Occupation in Serbia, Croatia and Greece.6.2.19411.23.1943601
Eastern Campaign Calendar of Battles and Engagements
1.DefensiveFighting on the Elbe River and Braunschweig.4.10.19454.22.194511
2.Fightingto Relieve Berlin.4.23.19455.2.194510
3.WithdrawalFighting to the Elbe River by Tangermünde.5.3.19455.7.19455

German Bibliography

  • Die deutschen Infanterie-Divisonen, Band 1-3, by Werner Haupt
  • Die deutsche Feldpostübersicht 1939-1945, Band 1-3, by Nobert Kannapin
  • Die Pflege der Tradition der alten Armee in Reichsheer und im der Wehrmacht, by Schirmer/Wiener
  • Die Truppenkennzeichen… der deutchen Wehrmacht u. Waffen-SS, Band 1-4, by Schmitz/Thies
  • Der Zweite Weltkrieg im Kartenbild, Band 1-3, by Klaus-Jurgen Thies
  • Deutsche Verbände und Truppen 1918-1939, by George Tessin
  • Verbände und Truppen der deutchen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS…, Band 1-14, by Georg Tessin
  • Formationsgeschichte und Stellenbesetzung 1815-1939, Teil 1, der deutschen Heer, Band 1-3, by Günter Wegner
  • Die Deutsche Wehrmacht u. Waffen-SS, Ihre Kommando. u. Grossverbände… im Zweiten Weltkrieg, author unknown
  • Das Reichsheer und Seine Tradition, author unknown
  • Deutsche Rote Kreuz Suchdienst, Divisionsschicksale, author unknown