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302.Infanterie-Division

Unit Emblems


  302.Infanterie-Division Emblem    302.Infanterie-Division Emblem  

Lineage


  • 302.Infanterie-Division (bodenständige)
  • 302.Infanterie-Division

Traditions


  • None

Mobilized


  • 13th mobilization wave, October 1940

Campaigns


  • Western Front 1941-1942
  • Eastern Front 1942-1944

Notable Points


  • Bore the brunt of (and replulsed) the Allied invasion of Dieppe on August 19th, 1942.

Nicknames


    "Dieppe Division"

Fate


Destroyed in August 1944 in the Ukraine near Tighina.

History


The 302.Infanterie-Division was formed on November 12th, 1940 as a bodenständige-Division, or static unit. When used as an adjective (and not capitalized when used) bodenständige indicated a unit was not fully field-mobile as was the case with numerous divisions formed for occupation duty in France in the fall of 1940. The division was formed in the regions of Ostmecklenburg in Pommern from portions of the 75.Infanterie-Division and the 292.Infanterie-Division as well as from various Heimat-Wach-Bataillonen.

In April 1941 after formation and training the 302.Infanterie-Division was transfered to Dieppe in occupied France on the Western Front. There it took on coastal defense duties in a front over 50 miles long.

Initially the division was rather well staffed and equiped but the requirements of fighting on the Eastern Front gradually began to strip much of the unit of valuable men who were sent to Russia as replacements. In their spot were often placed second line recruits and ethnic German foreign nationals which greatly reduced the overall quality and fighting spirit of the division. In addition, valuable weapons and equipment was also sent East and in its place was put captured materials of Czech, French, Russian and even British origin.

On October 10th, 1942 the 302.Infanterie-Division was reformed as a front line division and later in December 1942 was sent to the Southern Front of Russia.

In December of 1943 the 302.Infanterie-Division was reformed under the "neuer Art 44" organizational scheme.

The division was destroyed in combat in August of 1944 while in the south of Ukraine near Tighina. What remained was absorbed into the 76.Infanterie-Division and the 15.Infanterie-Division. The division was not reformed.

Organization


1940
Infanterie-Regiment 570
Infanterie-Regiment 571
Infanterie-Regiment 572
Artillerie-Regiment 302
Panzerjäger-Abteilung 302
Pionier-Bataillon 302
Nachrichten-Kompanie 302
Inf.Div.Nachschubführer 302
Sanitäts-Kompanie 302
Krankenkraftwagenzug 302

Panzerjäger-Abteilung 302 was renamed Schnelle-Abteilung 302 in the Winter of 1942/43. Radfahr-Abteilung 302 was also formed in the Winter of 1942/43. Nachrichten-Kompanie 302 became Nachrichten-Abteilung 302 in July of 1942. Inf.Div.Nachschubführer 302 was renamed Kommandeur der Inf.Div.Nachschubtruppen 302 in the Fall of 1942.

1943
Infanterie-Regiment 570
Infanterie-Regiment 571
Infanterie-Regiment 572
Artillerie-Regiment 302
Schnelle-Abteilung 302
Radfahr-Abteilung 302
Pionier-Bataillon 302
Nachrichten-Abteilung 302
Kommandeur der Inf.Div.Nachschubtruppen 302
Sanitäts-Kompanie 302
Krankenkraftwagenzug 302

Divisions-Gruppe 125 was formed from the remnants of the 125.Infanterie-Division and attached to the division in March of 1944. At the same time Grenadier-Regiment 571 was disbanded with personell distributed to the other two remaining regiments. Radfahr-Abteilung 302 was disbanded in the Summer of 1943. Divisions-Füsilier-Bataillon 302 was formed in December of 1943. Feldersatz-Bataillon 302 was formed in 1943 also.

1944
Grenadier–Regiment 570
Grenadier–Regiment 572
Divisions-Gruppe 125
-Regiments-Gruppe 420
-Regiments-Gruppe 421
Artillerie–Regiment 302
Divisions-Füsilier-Bataillon 302
Schnelle-Abteilung 302
Pionier–Bataillon 302
Feldersatz–Bataillon 302
Nachrichten-Abeilung 302
Kommandeur der Inf.Div.Nachschubtruppen 302
Sanitätskompanie 302
Krankenkraftwagenzug 302

Knights Cross Holders



War Service


Dates Korps Armee Armeegrupp Area
12.40-4.41 Forming in WK II BdE
5.41-12.41 XXXII 15. Armee D northern France (Dieppe)
1.42-5.42 XXXII 15. Armee D northern France
6.42-11.42 LXXXI 15. Armee D northern France
12.42-1.43 Reserve D France
2.43 XXXXVIII Hollidt Don Donez (Woroschilowgrad)
3.43 XVII Hollidt Süd Donez (Woroschilowgrad)
4.43-9.43 XVII 6. Armee Süd Mius
10.43 IV 6. Armee A Saporoshje
11.43-12.43 IV 1. Pz. Armee Süd Saporoshje
1.44 XVII 6. Armee Süd Nikolpol
2.44 IV 6. Armee Sud Nikopol
3.44 IV 6. Armee A Nikolajew
4.44 (Kgr.) Reserve 6. Armee Südukraine Odessa
5.44-7.44 XXX 6. Armee Südukraine Tighina
8.44 assignment unknown

German Bibliography


  • Rückblick auf die Geschichte der 302. Infanterie-Division, by Emil Kilgast
  • Die deutschen Infanterie-Divisonen, Band 1-3, by Werner Haupt
  • Die deutsche Feldpostübersicht 1939-1945, Band 1-3, by Nobert Kannapin
  • Die Pflege der Tradition der alten Armee in Reichsheer und im der Wehrmacht, by Schirmer/Wiener
  • Die Truppenkennzeichen... der deutchen Wehrmacht u. Waffen-SS, Band 1-4, by Schmitz/Thies
  • Der Zweite Weltkrieg im Kartenbild, Band 1-3, by Klaus-Jurgen Thies
  • Deutsche Verbände und Truppen 1918-1939, by George Tessin
  • Verbände und Truppen der deutchen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS..., Band 1-14, by Georg Tessin
  • Formationsgeschichte und Stellenbesetzung 1815-1939, Teil 1, der deutschen Heer, Band 1-3, by Günter Wegner
  • Die Deutsche Wehrmacht u. Waffen-SS, Ihre Kommando. u. Grossverbände... im Zweiten Weltkrieg, author unknown
  • Das Reichsheer und Seine Tradition, author unknown
  • Deutsche Rote Kreuz Suchdienst, Divisionsschicksale, author unknown

English Bibliography (Available on Amazon)