Marine-Artillerie-Abteilungen Part I (I - 309)

NOTE: all Marine Artillery units had companies until Summer 1942, when the companies became batteries.


I. Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung

Formed 1920 in Kiel. Disbanded 8.26.39 and was divided into the following units:

  • 1. Ersatz-Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung (Bülk bei Kiel)
  • Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 121 (Laboe)
  • Marine-Flak-Abteilung 211 (Eckernförde)
  • Marine-Flak-Abteilung 221 (Kiel-Friedrichsort)
  • Marine-Flak-Abteilung 231 (Rendsburg)
  • Marine-Flak-Abteilung 241 (Kiel-Elmschenhagen)
  • Marine-Flak-Abteilung 251 (Kiel-Schönwohlde)
  • Marine-Flak-Abteilung 261 (Kiel-Röbsdorf)
  • Marine-Flak-Abteilung 271 (Kiel-Jägersberg)

  • II. Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung

    Formed 1920 in Wilhelmshaven. Disbanded 8.26.39 and was divided into the following units:

  • 2. Ersatz-Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung (Wilhelmshaven)
  • Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 112 (Wangerooge)
  • Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 122 (Helgoland)
  • Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 132 (Wangerooge)
  • Marine-Flak-Abteilung 212 (Wilhelmshaven)
  • Marine-Flak-Abteilung 222 (Wilhelmshaven)
  • Marine-Flak-Abteilung 232 (Wangerooge)
  • Marine-Flak-Abteilung 242 (Helgoland)
  • Marine-Flak-Abteilung 252 (Heidmühle)
  • Marine-Flak-Abteilung 262 (Wilhelmshaven)
  • Marine-Flak-Abteilung 272 (Tossens)

  • III. Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung

    Formed 1920 in Swinemünde. Disbanded 8.26.39 and was divided into the following units:

  • 3. Ersatz-Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung (Swinemünde)
  • Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 123 (Swinemünde)
  • Marine-Flak-Abteilung 213 (Rügen)
  • Marine-Flak-Abteilung 223 (?)
  • Marine-Flak-Abteilung 233 (Swinemünde)
  • Marine-Flak-Abteilung 243 (Kolberg)

  • IV. Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung

    Formed 1920 in Cuxhaven. Disbanded 8.26.39 and was divided into the following units:

  • 4. Ersatz-Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung (Cuxhaven)
  • Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 134 (Sylt)
  • Marine-Flak-Abteilung 214 (Cuxhaven)
  • Marine-Flak-Abteilung 224 (Wilhelmsburg-Hademarschen)
  • Marine-Flak-Abteilung 234 (Blidsel/Sylt)
  • Marine-Flak-Abteilung 244 (Wesermünde)
  • Marine-Flak-Abteilung 254 (Burg/Dithmarschen)
  • Marine-Flak-Abteilung 264 (Hörnum/Sylt)
  • Marine-Flak-Abteilung 274 (Brunsbüttel)
  • Marine-Flak-Abteilung 284 (Westerland)
  • Marine-Flak-Abteilung 294 (Balje bei Stade)

  • V. Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung

    Formed 1920 in Pillau. On 8.26.39 redesignated Marine-Artillerie-Regiment 5 and was also used to form the following units:

  • Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 115, later became 5. Ersatz-Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung (Pillau)
  • Marine-Flak-Abteilung 215 (Pillau)
  • Marine-Flak-Abteilung 225 (Pillau)

  • VI. Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung

    Formed 1920 in Emden. Disbanded 8.26.39 and was divided into the following units:

  • 6. Ersatz-Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung (Emden)
  • Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 116 (Borkum)
  • Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 126 (Norderney)
  • Marine-Flak-Abteilung 216 (Borkum)
  • Marine-Flak-Abteilung 226 (Norderney)
  • Marine-Flak-Abteilung 236 (Emden)

  • VII. Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung

    Formed 1920 in Memel. Disbanded 8.26.39 and was divided into the following units:

  • Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 117, later became 7. Ersatz-Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung (Memel)
  • Marine-Flak-Abteilung 217 (Memel)

  • Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 112

    Formed 8.26.39 in Wilhelmshaven, with only one battery (Jade-batterie). Disbanded 7.15.40. Subordinated to Küstenbefehlshaber Ostfriesland.


    Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 114

    Formed 9.44 in Cuxhaven (apparently only a Battalion HQ). Subordinated to Seekdt. Elbe-Weser.


    Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 115

    Formed 8.26.39 in Pillau with 7 companies. In January 1940 gave up its Stab, and the 1. and 4. companies. These were reformed in Summer 1940, together with new 11. - 12. companies. Later in 1940 4. - 7. companies was disbanded. The 11. battery was transferred to Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 603 in 1942. The battalion now had the following batteries: 1. - 3., 12. and 14. - 16. In 9.10.42 redesignated 5. Ersatz-Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung in Pillau. Subordinated to Küstenbefehlshaber östliche Ostsee.


    Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 116

    Formed 8.26.39 on Borkum with 2 companies (later 5 companies). In 1945 had 7 batteries and Inselkompanie Borkum. Subordinated to Küstenbefehlshaber Ostfriesland, later Deutsche Bucht, and from 11.44 under Seekdt. Ostfriesland.


    Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 117

    Formed 8.26.39 in Memel. 8.41 to Libau with 3 companies. In late 1941 redesignated 7. Ersatz-Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung, while the 1. company was transferred to Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 513. Subordinated to Küstenbefehlshaber östliche Ostsee, and from 8.41 Seekdt. O/Libau.


    Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 118

    Formed 4.41 in Hansted (Denmark) from the companies Hanstholm, Thyborön and Agger (all ex- Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 509), with 4 companies:

  • 1./MAA 118 (Hanstholm I) with 170mm guns
  • 2./MAA 118 (Hanstholm II) with four 380mm guns (ex-danish)
  • 3./MAA 118 (Agger) with 120mm guns
  • 4./MAA 118 with Flak, but from 7.42 was Stabsbatterie)
  • Subordinated to Marinebefehlahaber Dänemark, and from 11.44 Marine-Artillerie-Regiment 40.


    Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 119

    Formed 2.40 on Hela with 4 companies. In late 1942 disbanded, 1. and 4. companies went to Marine-Flak-Abteilung 219 and the 2. company to Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 244. Subordinated to Küstenbefehlshaber östliche Ostsee.


    Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 121

    Formed 8.26.39 in Laboe with 2 companies, later 3 companies (1, 2 and 5). Disbanded 4.41, while the 5. company became Batterie Erhard Schmidt. Subordinated to


    Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 122

    Formed 8.26.39 on Helgoland with 2 companies. 1945, 3 batteries and Sperrbatterie Düne. Subordinated to Küstenbefehlshaber Ostfriesland, later Deutsche Bucht, and from 11.44 under Seekdt. Elbe-Weser.


    Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 123

    Formed 8.26.39 in Swinemünde from the Lehrgruppe Küstenartillerie. Disbanded 6.41. Subordinated to Küstenbefehlshaber Pommern.


    Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 124

    Formed 10.44 in Friedrichstadt with 8 batteries. Subordinated to Seekdt. Nordfriesland.


    Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 126

    Formed 8.26.39 on Norderney with 2 companies. Disbanded 7.40.

    Reformed 11.44 in Leer/Ostfriesland with 7 batteries.

    Subordinated to Küstenbefehlshaber Ostfriesland (8.39 - 7.40) and Seekdt. Ostfriesland (11.44 - 5.45).


    Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 132

    Formed 8.26.39 on Wangerooge. Disbanded 9.30.43. Subordinated to Küstenbefehlshaber Ostfriesland, later Deutsche Bucht.


    Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 134

    Formed 8.26.39 on Sylt with 2 companies. 1940/41 the 1. company was transferred to Sonderkommando der 10. Schiffs-Stamm-Abteilung (later Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 513). Disbanded 2.42.

    Reformed 9.44 on Sylt with 7 batteries.

    Subordinated to Subordinated to Küstenbefehlshaber Nordfriesland, later Deutsche Bucht, and from 11.44 Seekdt. Nordfriesland.


    Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 141

    Formed 8.26.39 in Kiel(?) with only 1. company. In autumn 1939 the 1st company became 5./Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 121 (Erhard Schmidt), and was replaced by the Eisenbahn-Batterie Gneisenau/Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 141 (150mm railway guns). An Abteilungsstab was formed in 1940. In summer 1940 the Batterie Gneisenau became independent, and was replaced by a Batterie Stand Juist/Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 141. This would later become 5./Marine-Flak-Abteilung 226.


    Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 144

    Planned formation 1945 in Wesermünde was cancelled.


    Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 201

    Formed 5.40 in Den Helder with 5 companies. In June 1940 transferred to Wijk am See. 1941 increased to 8 companies, and in 1942 to 14 batteries. In 8.42 gave up 7 batteries to Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 607. Ended the war with 9 batteries.

    Subordinated to Marine-Artillerie-Regiment 21, 6.40 to Seekdt. Nordholland and from 11.44 Seekdt. Mittelholland.


    Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 202

    Formed 5.40 in Vlissingen with 7 companies. In June 1940 transferred to Domburg/Walcheren. In late 1942 had 11 batteries. In 9.43 gave up 3 batteries to Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 203. 1944 had 9 batteries. Saw heavy combat 1944 on Walcheren and was disbanded 11.44.

    Individual batteries in 1944:

  • Stab/MAA202 at Domburg
  • 1./MAA202 at Westschouwen(?) with four 152mm guns
  • 2./MAA202 at Renesse(?) with four 152mm guns
  • 3./MAA202 at Nieuve Sluis with four 120mm guns
  • 4./MAA202 at Ostkapelle with four 94mm guns
  • 5./MAA202 at Domburg with four 220mm guns
  • 6./MAA202 at Westkapelle with four 94mm guns and two 75mm guns
  • 7./MAA202 at Zoutelande with four 152mm guns and two 75mm guns
  • 8./MAA202 at Dishoek with four 152mm guns and two 75mm guns
  • 9./MAA202 at Kernwerk with four 152mm guns
  • Sunordinated to Marine-Artillerie-Regiment 22 and from 6.40 Seekdt. Südholland.


    Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 203

    Formed 5.40 in Ijmuiden with 3 companies. In June 1940 transferred to St. Malo and Brest, and was renamed Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 262. Was subordinated to Marine-Artillerie-Regiment 21.

    Reformed 9.43 in Cadzand from parts of Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 202 (3 batteries) and 204 (2 batteries). In 1944 had 6 batteries (1 - 4, 6 and 7). Destroyed while defending Cadzand, and was disbanded 11.44. Individual batteries was in 1944 stationed at:

  • near Breskens (known as Frederik Hendrik battery) with four 76,2mm guns
  • Cadzand with four 150mm guns
  • Knokke with four 280mm guns (building)
  • near Heyst am Zee with four 94mm guns
  • Schütte with four 105mm guns
  • Subordinated to Seekdt. Südholland.


    Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 204

    Formed 5.40 in Ostende with 6 companies, increased to 8 companies in late 1940 (two from Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 240). From late 1942 only had 5 batteries, and in 9.43 gave up its 1st and 5th batteries to Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 203. In 1944 consisted of 2. - 4./MAA204, Batterie Malo Terminus and Batterie St. Pol. Disbanded 10.44, after heavy losses.

    Subordinated to Seekdt. Flandern, and from 1941 Seekdt Pas-de-Calais


    Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 205

    Formed 5.40 for Hoek van Holland with 5 companies. In 1944 had 8 batteries.

    Subordinated to Marine-Artillerie-Regiment 21, 6.40 Seekdt. Südholland and from 11.44 Seekdt. Mittelholland.


    Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 206

    Formed 5.40 for Blankenberghe with 10 companies. In July 1940 moved to Royan, France. In 12.40 disbanded, and was divided into:

  • Marine-Artillerie-Gironde (later 284) from Stab, 1-3, 5 and 6/MAA206
  • Marine-Artillerie-Gascogne (later 286) from 4 and 10/MAA206
  • Marine-Artillerie-Vendée (later 282) from 7-9/MAA206
  • Subordinated to Marine-Artillerie-Regiment 22, and from 7.40 Marinebefehlshaber Westfrankreich.


    Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 240

    Formed 5.40 in Lager Altengroden with 4 companies. In June 1940 transferred to Wimereux. In late 1940 gave up its 3. and 4. companies to Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 204. 1944 only had 2 batteries, Batterie Friedrich August - 3 x 30.5cm SK L/50, and Batterie Creche I - 4 x 19.4 cm 486f (captured French battery). Destroyed during the Allied invasion of France and was officially disbanded 9.44.

    Subordinated to Marine-Artillerie-Regiment 24, and from 7.40 Seekdt. Pas de Calais


    Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 242

    Formed 5.40 in Lager Altengroden with 3 companies. In June 1940 to Calais, and later to Sangatte/Cap Gris Nez. Contained the following:

  • Batterie Siegfried, later Todt - 4 x 38 cm SK C/34
  • Batterie Grosser Kurfurst - 4 x 28 cm SK L/50
  • Batterie MIII - 4 x 17cm SK L/40 (Heeres-Küsten-Batterie until 1942, reformed as a Marine-Artillerie-Batterie with 15cm C/36 torpedo-boat guns)
  • Battery MIV - 3 x 17 cm SK L/40

    An interesting aside - the Batteries "Lindemann" - "Grosser Kurfurst", and "Todt" continued to shell the south coast of England well after the June 6th, 1944 Allied invasion - Hitler ordered that they expend their ammunition against the English coast, and the "Grosser Kurfurst" fired its last shell against the south English coast on the 9th of September of 1944, being captured shortly thereafter by the 3rd Canadian Divison.

    Subordinated to Marine-Artillerie-Regiment 24, and from 7.40 Seekdt. Pas de Calais.


    Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 244

    Formed 5.40 in Lager Altengroden with 3 companies. In June 1940 to Calais, while Stab/MAA244 was renamed Stab/MAA282, and was replaced by a new Stab. 1942 had 4 batteries with the following names:

  • Prinz Heinrich
  • Fort Lopin
  • Bastion II
  • Malo Terminus
  • In 1943 strength was increased to 8 batteries (2-9) by absorbing the following units:

  • Heeres-Küsten-Batterie 217 with 170mm guns
  • Heeres-Küsten-Batterie 227 with 170mm guns
  • Heeres-Küsten-Batterie 334 with 240mm guns
  • Disbanded 10.44, after the Allied invasion of France.

    Subordinated to Marine-Artillerie-Regiment 24, and from 7.40 Seekdt. Pas de Calais.


    Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 260

    Formed 6.40 in Cherbourg with 3 companies. 1944 had the following batteries: 1 - 4 (4. also known as Brommy), Batterie Marcouf, Batterie Blankenese, Batterie Landemer and Batterie Fort du Roule.

  • 4./MAA260 with four 152mm guns
  • Bttr. Landemer/MAA 260 with four 152mm guns
  • Bttr. Fort du Roule/MAA260 with four 105mm guns
  • Bttr. York (1, 2 or 3./MAA260) with four 170mm guns
  • Bttr. Hamburg (1, 2 or 3./MAA260) with four 240mm guns
  • Bttr. Bastion Cherbourg (1, 2 or 3./MAA260) with four 105mm guns
  • Bttr. Marcouf/MAA260 with ?
  • Bttr. Blankenese/MAA260 with ?
  • Disbanded 6.44 after the fall of Cherbourg..

    Subordinated to Marine-Artillerie-Regiment 26, and from 7.40 Seekdt. Normandie


    Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 262

    Formed 6.40 in Brest with 5 companies, from 1-3/MAA203 and 4-5/MAA282. 1944 had 8 batteries. Surrendered 9.44 in Brest.

    Subordinated to Marine-Artillerie-Regiment 26, and from 7.40 Seekdt. Bretagne


    Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 264

    Formed 6.40 in Lorient with 3 companies. 1941 had 4 companies, and in 1944 5 batteries.

    Subordinated to Marine-Artillerie-Regiment 26, 7.40 to Seekdt. Bretagne, and from 8.44 Festung Lorient


    Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 266

    Formed 5.41 in Le Havre from Batterie Kap de La Hève (ex. 1./MAA260), with the batteries:

  • Batterie St. Adresse
  • Batterie Brière
  • Batterie Südmole
  • Batterie Nordmole
  • In 1944 had 7 batteries (1-5, Bttr. Petrolhafen and Bttr. Molière d'Aval). Disbanded 9.44.

    Subordinated to Seekdt. Seine-Somme.


    Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 280

    Formed 6.40 in St. Nazaire with 3 companies. 1941 had 5 companies, but in 1944 only 4 batteries (2-5).

    Subordinated to Seekdt. Loire


    Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 282

    Formed 6.40 in Brest with 4(?) companies, but was disbanded shortly afterwards, with 2. and 4./MAA282 becoming 4. and 5./MAA262. Subordinated to Seekdt. Bretagne.

    Reformed in summer 1941 from Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung Vendée, with the following batteries:

  • Bttr. La Couarde
  • Bttr. St. Marie
  • Bttr. Les Postes de Ré
  • In 1943 had 5 batteries (1-5) on Ile de Ré. Subordinated to Seekdt. Loire


    Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 284

    Formed 12.40 in Royan from Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung Gironde with the following batteries:

  • Bttr. Fort Royan
  • Bttr. Terre Negre
  • Bttr. La Coubre Ost
  • Bttr. La Coubre West
  • Bttr. Soulac
  • Bttr. Le Verdon
  • Bttr. Gironde
  • Surrendered 4.45. Subordinated to Seekdt. Gascogne, and from 8.44 Festung Gironde-Nord.


    Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 286

    Formed 1941 in Biarritz from Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung Gascogne with 2 companies. Later moved to Bayonne. 1944 had 4 batteries.

    Subordinated to Seekdt. Gascogne.


    Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 301

    Formed 3.40. In June 1940 became Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung Narvik.


    Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 302

    Formed 3.40. In June 1940 became Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung Drontheim.


    Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 303

    Formed 3.40. In June 1940 became Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung Bergen.


    Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 304

    Formed 3.40. In June 1940 became Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung Horten.


    Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 305

    Formed 3.40. In June 1940 became Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung Molde.


    Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 308

    Formed 6.40 from Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung Seeland with Batterie Hornbach. In 7.40 became Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 508.

    Subordinated to Küstenbefehlshaber Dänemark


    Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 309

    Formed 6.40 from Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung Jütland with:

  • Bttr. Frederikshavn Nord (152mm?)
  • Bttr. Frederikshavn Süd (152mm ?)
  • Bttr. Frederikshavn West (!52mm?)
  • Bttr. Hanstholm with four 170mm guns
  • Bttr. Raule with four 170mm guns (stationed at the entrace to Limfjorden)
  • Bttr. Lützow (in Skagen)
  • In 7.40 became Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung 509. Subordinated to Küstenbefehlshaber Dänemark



    Marine-Artillerie-Abteilungen Part II (500 - Y)