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Research on the German Armed Forces 1918-1945

14.Panzer-Division

Lineage
  • Artillerieführer IV
  • 4.Infanterie-Division
  • 14.Panzer-Division
  • Campaigns
  • Balkans 1941
  • Eastern Front 1941-1943
  • West 1943
  • Eastern Front 1943-1945
  • History The 14.Panzer-Division was formed in August of 1940 from the 4.Infanterie-Division, with the 36.Panzer-Regiment taken from the 4.Panzer-Division.

    The 14.Panzer initially saw action during the Campaign in the Balkans in March and April, 1941.

    Soon after the Balkans, the 14.Panzer became a part of the southern sector of the Eastern Front in June, 1941, when Germany invaded the Soviet Union. The 14.Panzer was engaged nearly continously throughout the summer, fall and winter of 1941, taking part in Battles for Kiev, Rostov, in the Chernigovka Pocket, and in the defensive engagments against the first Soviet winter counter-offensive of 1941/42.

    Having lasted through the first Soviet winter counter-offensive, the Germans shifted their attack from the Moscow region south against the steppes of the Ukraine, with the ultimage goal of taking the vital regions of the steppes, Don and Volga River and the Caucasus far to the south. Still a part of the southern sector of the front, the 14.Panzer took part in the German assualt and raced across the steppes passing through the Mius, Charkow, Kupiansk, and Don regions before becoming engaged and then encircled in the Stalingrad Pocket in the Winter of 1942/43, where it was completely destroyed by February, 1943.

    In April, 1943 the 14.Panzer-Division was reformed in Brittany, France and sent back to the Eastern Front in October, 1943. The 14th then took part in the 2nd Battle for Kiev and in defensive actions during the withdrawl from the Dnieper.

    From January to June, 1944, the 14.Panzer took part in actions in the Kirovograd, Zveningerodka, Kishinevo, and Jassi regions. The 14th was pulled from the front in July, 1944 for rest and refit, and then sent to the nothern sector of the Eastern Front in August to take part in postional defensive actions in Kurland, mainly near Libau, until it surrendered with the collapse of Germany in May, 1945, when the Kurland Pocket fell.
    Organization
    14.Panzer when formed:
    14.Schutzen-Brigade w/
  • Schützen-Regiment 103
  • Schützen-Regiment 108
  • Kradschützen-Bataillon 64
    Panzer-Regiment 36
    Panzer-Artillerie-Regiment 4
    Panzerjäger-Abteilung 4
    Panzer-Aufklärung-Abteilung 40
    Pionier-Bataillon 13
    Nachrichten-Abteilung 4
    Felderstatz-Bataillon 4
    14th Divisional Support Units

  • Reformed 1943
    Panzergrenadier-Regiment 103
    Panzergrenadier-Regiment 108
    Panzer-Regiment 36
    Kradschützen-Bataillon 64
    Panzer-Artillerie-Regiment 4
    Heeres-Flak-Abteilung 276
    Panzerjäger-Abteilung 4
    Paner-Pionier-Bataillon 13
    Panzer-Nachrichten-Abteilung 4
    Felderstatz-Bataillon 4
    14th Divisional Support Units

    The Division was refit again in July, 1944.
    Commanders Gen.Maj. Heinrich von Prittwitz u. Gaffron 8.15.40 - 3.22.41
    Gen.Maj. Friedrich Kuhn 3.22.41 - 6.30.42
    Gen.Maj. Ferdinand Heim 7.01.42 - 10.31.42
    Oberst Hans Frhr. von Falkenstein 11.01.42 - 11.15.42
    Gen.Maj. Johannes Baessler 11.16.42 - 11.26.42
    Gen.Maj. Martin Lattmann 11.26.42 - 1.43

    Destroyed at Stalingrad and reformed in France

    Gen.Maj. Friedrich Wilhelm Sieberg 4.01.43 - 10.29.43
    Gen.Lt. Martin Unrein 11.05.43 - 9.15.44
    Oberst Oskar Munzel 9.15.44 - 11.25.44
    Gen.Lt. Martin Unrein 11.25.44 - 2.09.45
    Oberst Friedrich-Wilhelm Jürgen 2.10.45 - 3.14.45
    Oberst Karl Grässel 3.14.45 - 4.45
    War Service