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1.Panzer-Division

Unit Emblems


  1.Panzer-Division Emblem    1.Panzer-Division Emblem    1.Panzer-Division Emblem    1.Panzer-Division Emblem      

Lineage


  • 3.Kavallerie-Division
  • 1.Panzer-Division

Campaigns


  • Poland 1939
  • Western Campaign 1940
  • Eastern Front 1941-1942
  • France 1943
  • Balkans 1943
  • Eastern Front 1943-1945

History


The 1.Panzer-Division was created in 1935 from parts of the old 3.Kavallerie-Division. The Division took part in the Invasion of Poland in September, 1939 and fought with distinction in that Campaign.

In May, 1940, the Division took part in the Campaign against France. The Division was one of the many decisive units to drive throught the Ardennes region, helping to cut off the Allies in Belgium and the Netherlands. The Division broke through the French defenses of the Maginot Line near Sedan. Later in the Campaign, the Division drove south into France and fought against the lines at Dunkerque.

The 1.Panzer-Division took part in the Invasion of the Soviet Union in June, 1941, fighting in the Northern sector of the Eastern Front against Dunaburg and Leningrad. Later in October, 1941, the Division was transfered to the Central portion of the Eastern Front taking part in the Battles for Wiasma, Moscow and Rshew. After fierce fighting for Rshew, the Division was pulled out of the front and sent to France to be refit.

In June, 1943, the Division was sent to the Balkans and in July it was sent to Greece for coast defense duty. In Novemeber, 1943, the Division was sent back to the Eastern Front in the Ukraine. In the Ukraine, the 1st Panzer Division took part in the massive German counter-offensives west of Kiev. The Division then fought defensive actions southwest of Berdichev where it stayed until late January, 1944. On June 22nd, 1944, the Red Army launched a massive summer offensive in the section of Army Group Center along the Eastern Front. This Soviet Offensive literally crushed Army Group Center and in 3 weeks pushed back the German forces in that portion of the Front 300 miles, all the way to Poland. The 1.Panzer-Division took part in attempts to stem the Soviet onslaught and fought a desperate counter attack at Oleyyor where it managed to halt the Soviet Advance. The southern flank did not hold though, and the entire postion that the 1st helped create became untenable. The 1.Panzer-Division was then pushed back across the Vistula River.

In October, 1944, the Division was moved from its postions along the Vistula and sent to Hungary where it took part in actions at Debrecen, being sighted for distinguished actions there. The Division then took part in defensive actions in Hungary and was pushed back into Austria where, in May, 1945, the Division surrendered to the Americans.

Organization


1939
1.Schützen-Brigade
  Schützen-Regiment 1
    Schützen-Bataillon I
    Schützen-Bataillon II
  Kradschützen-Bataillon 1
1.Panzer-Brigade
  Panzer-Regiment 1
    Panzer-Abteilung I
    Panzer-Abteilung II
  Panzer-Regiment 2
    Panzer-Abteilung I
    Panzer-Abteilung II
73.Artillerie-Regiment
  Artillerie-Abteilung I
  Artillerie-Abteilung II
Aufklärungs-Abteilung 4
Panzerjäger-Abteilung 37
Pionier-Bataillon 37
Nachrichten-Abteilung 37
37th Divisional Support Units

In October, 1939 the III Abteilung/69.Schützen-Regiment (mot)/20.Inf.Div (mot) was added to the Division as the III Abteilung/Schützen-Regiment 1. In October 1940, Panzer-Regiment 2 was transfered to the 16.Panzer-Division. In November 1940, I/Schützen-Regiment 113 was formed from the III Abteilung/Schützen-Regiment 1. In February, 1941 the II Abteilung/Schützen-Regiment 69 was used to form the II Abteilung/Schützen-Regiment 113. Later, Artillerie-Regiment 73 formed the III Abteilung from the II Abteilung/Artillerie-Regiment 56.

1940
Schützen-Regiment 1
  Schützen-Bataillon I
  Schützen-Bataillon II
Schützen-Regiment 113
  Schützen-Bataillon I
  Schützen-Bataillon II
Panzer-Regiment 1
  Panzer-Abteilung I
  Panzer-Abteilung II
Artillerie-Regiment 73
  Artillerie-Abteilung I
  Artillerie-Abteilung II
  Artillerie-Abteilung III
Kradschützen-Abteilung 1
Aufklärungs-Abteilung 4
Panzerjäger-Abteilung 37
Pionier-Bataillon 37
Nachrichten-Abteilung 37
37th Divisional Support Units

In July 1941, Schützen-Regiment 1 and Schützen-Regiment 113 were both renamed as Panzergrenadier-Regiments. The Panzer-Abteilung I/Panzer-Regiment 1 was removed and provided to the 16.Panzergrenadier-Division to become the Panzer-Abteilung 116. When Panzer-Abteilung I/Panzer-Regiment 1 was removed, the 1.Panzer-Division had only 1 Abteilung of Panzers in the entire unit, that being Panzer-Abteilung II/Panzer-Regiment 1. In January of 1943, Panzer-Abteilung II/Panzer-Regiment 1 (The only Abteilung left in the Division) became the Panzer-Abteilung I/Panzer-Regiment 1. Panzer-Abteilung I/Panzer-Regiment 103 was then used to form Panzer-Abteilung II/Panzer-Regiment 1. Later, the independant Heer Flak unit, Heeres-Flak-Abteilung 299 was added to the 1.Panzer-Division.

1943
Panzergrenadier-Regiment 1
  Panzergrenadier-Bataillon I
  Panzergrenadier-Bataillon II
Panzergrenadier-Regiment 113
  Panzergrenadier-Bataillon I
  Panzergrenadier-Bataillon II
Panzer-Regiment 1
  Panzer-Abteilung I
  Panzer-Abteilung II
Panzer-Artillerie-Regiment 73
  Panzer-Artillerie-Abteilung I
  Panzer-Artillerie-Abteilung II
  Panzer-Artillerie-Abteilung III
  Panzer-Artillerie-Abteilung IV
Panzer-Aufklärungs-Abteilung 1
Panzerjäger-Abteilung 37
Panzer-Pionier-Bataillon 37
Panzer-Nachrichten-Bataillon 37
Heeres-Flak-Abteilung 299
37th Divisional Support Units

Late in the War, Grenadier-Ersatz-Abteilung 1009 was added to the 1.Panzer-Division from the Tatra Panzer-Division.

Knights Cross Holders




War Service


Date Corps Army Army Group Area
9.39 XVI 10. Armee Süd Radom, Warzaw
12.39 - 1.40 Reserve - B Eifel, Hunsrück
5.40 - 16. Armee A Luxembourg, Somme
6.40 XXXIX Guderian (12.) A France (Aisne)
7.40 - 8.40 XXXIX 2. Armee C France
9.40 - 2.41 XVI 18. Armee B East Prussia
3.41 - 4.41 reserve 4. Panzergruppe B East Prussia
5.41 reserve 4. Panzergruppe C East Prussia
6.41 - 9.41 XXXXI 4. Panzergruppe Nord Dünaburg, Leningrad
10.41 - 12.41 XXXXI 3. Panzergruppe Mitte Vyasma, Moscow
1.42 XXXXI 3. Panzergruppe Mitte Welish
2.42 XXXXVI 9. Armee Mitte Welish, Rzhev
3.42 - 4.42 XXIII 9. Armee Mitte Rzhev
5.42 XXVII 9. Armee Mitte Rzhev
6.42 - 7.42 XXIII 9. Armee Mitte Rzhev
8.42 reserve 4. Armee Mitte Rzhev
9.42 - 11.42 XXXIX 9. Armee Mitte Rzhev
12.42 XXXXI 9. Armee Mitte Rzhev
1.43 reserve - D France
2.43 reserve 15. Armee D France
3.43 - 4.43 reserve 7. Armee D France
5.43 reserve - D France
6.43 reserve - E Balkans
7.43 - 8.43 LXVIII - E Greece
9.43 LXVIII 11. ital. Armee E Greece
10.43 LXVIII E F Greece
11.43 reserve 8. Armee Süd North Ukraine
12.43 XXXXVIII 4. Pz. Armee Süd Shitomir
1.44 XXXXVIII 4. Pz. Armee Süd Winniza
2.44 XXIV 4. Pz. Armee Süd Winniza
3.44 reserve 1. Pz. Armee A Brody
4.44 LIX 1. Pz. Armee Nordukraine Brody
5.44 reserve 4. Pz. Armee Nordukraine Brody
6.44 reserve 1. Pz. Armee Nordukraine Brody
7.44 III 1. Pz. Armee Nordukraine Zloczow
8.44 XXXXVIII 4. Pz. Armee Nordukraine Brody
9.44 XXIV 1. Pz. Armee Nordukraine Carpathia
10.44 III 6. Armee Süd Hungary
11.44 LVII 6. Armee Süd Hungary
12.44 IV 6. Armee Süd Hungary
1.45 Kavalleriekorps 6. Armee Süd Hungary
2.45 - 3.45 III 6. Armee Süd Hungary
4.45 IV. SS 6. Armee Süd Hungary
5.45 IV. SS 6. Armee Ostmark Austria

Bibliography


  • Die deutschen Infanterie-Divisonen, Band 1-3, by Werner Haupt
  • Die deutsche Feldpostübersicht 1939-1945, Band 1-3, by Nobert Kannapin
  • Die Pflege der Tradition der alten Armee in Reichsheer und im der Wehrmacht, by Schirmer/Wiener
  • Die Truppenkennzeichen... der deutchen Wehrmacht u. Waffen-SS, Band 1-4, by Schmitz/Thies
  • Der Zweite Weltkrieg im Kartenbild, Band 1-3, by Klaus-Jurgen Thies
  • Deutsche Verbände und Truppen 1918-1939, by George Tessin
  • Verbände und Truppen der deutchen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS..., Band 1-14, by Georg Tessin
  • Formationsgeschichte und Stellenbesetzung 1815-1939, Teil 1, der deutschen Heer, Band 1-3, by Günter Wegner
  • Die Deutsche Wehrmacht u. Waffen-SS, Ihre Kommando. u. Grossverbände... im Zweiten Weltkrieg, author unknown
  • Das Reichsheer und Seine Tradition, author unknown
  • Deutsche Rote Kreuz Suchdienst, Divisionsschicksale, author unknown

  • Reforging the Iron Cross, The Search for Tradition..., by Donald Abenheim
  • The German Infantry Handbook 1939-1945, by Alex Buchner
  • German Army Order of Battle: The Replacement Army 1939-1945, by Victor Madej
  • German Army Order of Battle: Field Army and Officer Corps 1939-1945, by Victor Madej
  • Hitler's Legions, by Samuel Mitcham
  • German Order of Battle World War II, Vol I, by George Nafziger
  • German Order of Battle 1944, author unknown