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12.Volksgrenadier-Division

Unit Emblems

          

Lineage

  • Wehrgauleitung Schwerin
  • Infanterief├╝hrer II
  • 12.Infanterie-Division
  • 12.Grenadier-Division
  • 12.Volksgrenadier-Division

    Traditions


    Absorbed


    Mobilized


    Campaigns


    Notable Points


    Fate


    History

    The 12.Volksgrenader-Division was formed in October, 1944 from the 12.Grenadier-Division, a temporary designation given to the 12.Infanterie-Division that was destroyed in July, 1944.

    The newly formed 12.Volksgrenadier-Division was dispatched west to the I.SS-Panzerkorps for the Ardennes Offensive of December 1944. US Army Intelligence attributed it to be the best infantry formation in the 6.Panzerarmee at the time. The division aquitted itself well in the ensuing battles, but was forced into the general retreat of German forces from the Ardennes salient as the offensive petered out.

    Later attached to the II.SS-Panzerkorps as 6.Panzerarmee was diverted to Hungary, the 12.Volksgrenadier-Division fought at the Roer river against the advancing US 9th Army, and eventually found itself encircled in the Ruhr pocket along with the rest of Heeresgruppe B in April 1945. It's last commander, Generalmajor Ernst Konig, surrendered at Wuppertal on April 18, 1945.

    Organization

    1944
    Fusilier-Regiment 27
    Grenadier-Regiment 48
    Grenadier-Regiment 89
    Artillerie-Regiment 12
    Artillerie-Regiment I./48
    Fusilier-Flak-Abteilung 12
    12th Divisional Support Units

    Commanders


    Knights Cross Holders



    War Service

    Dates
    Korps
    Armee
    Armeegrupp
    Area
    10.44 LXXXI 7. Armee B Aachen, H├╝rtgenwald
    11.44-12.44 LXXXI 5. Pz. Armee B Aachen, Ardennen
    1.45 Reserve 6. Pz. Armee B Ardennen
    2.45-3.45 LVIII 15. Armee B Eifel, Roer
    4.45 LVIII 5. Pz. Armee B Ruhrkessel

    Bibliography

  • Die deutschen Infanterie-Divisonen, Band 1-3, by Werner Haupt
  • Die deutsche Feldpostübersicht 1939-1945, Band 1-3, by Nobert Kannapin
  • Die Pflege der Tradition der alten Armee in Reichsheer und im der Wehrmacht, by Schirmer/Wiener
  • Die Truppenkennzeichen... der deutchen Wehrmacht u. Waffen-SS, Band 1-4, by Schmitz/Thies
  • Der Zweite Weltkrieg im Kartenbild, Band 1-3, by Klaus-Jurgen Thies
  • Deutsche Verbände und Truppen 1918-1939, by George Tessin
  • Verbände und Truppen der deutchen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS..., Band 1-14, by Georg Tessin
  • Formationsgeschichte und Stellenbesetzung 1815-1939, Teil 1, der deutschen Heer, Band 1-3, by Günter Wegner
  • Die Deutsche Wehrmacht u. Waffen-SS, Ihre Kommando. u. Grossverbände... im Zweiten Weltkrieg, author unknown
  • Das Reichsheer und Seine Tradition, author unknown
  • Deutsche Rote Kreuz Suchdienst, Divisionsschicksale, author unknown

  • Reforging the Iron Cross, The Search for Tradition..., by Donald Abenheim
  • The German Infantry Handbook 1939-1945, by Alex Buchner
  • German Army Order of Battle: The Replacement Army 1939-1945, by Victor Madej
  • German Army Order of Battle: Field Army and Officer Corps 1939-1945, by Victor Madej
  • Hitler's Legions, by Samuel Mitcham
  • German Order of Battle World War II, Vol I, by George Nafziger
  • German Order of Battle 1944, author unknown