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2.Armee-Oberkommando

Unit Emblems


          

Campaigns


  • Westwall 1939
  • Western Campaign 1940
  • Balkans 1941
  • Eastern Campaign 1941-1945

    History


    The 2.Armee was established on 20 October 1939. From 20 October 1939 through 9 May 1940 they were assigned as reserve on the Western front. From 10 May 1940 through 25 June 1940 the participated in the Western Campaign. They then served as an occupation force in France from 26 June 1940 through 2 July 1940. They were then reassigned to Germany from 3 July 1940 through 27 March 1941. From 28 March 1941 through 18 April they fought in the Balkans Campaign and then from 19 April 1941 through 13 June 1941 they served as occupying forces in Yugoslavia. They began the fight in the Eastern Campaign on 2 July 1941 fighting in the east till the end on 8 May 1945. The 2. Armee was in existence for 2,028 days of which 1,407 were spent fighting on the Eastern Front .

    Organization


    Korück 580
    Armee-Nachschubführer 501
    Armee-Nachrichten-Regiment 563
    Höherer Arko 308

    Commanders


    Maximilian Freiherr von Weichs 10.20.1939
    Hans von Salmuth 7.14.1942
    Walter Weiss 2.4.1943
    Dietrich von Saucken 3.10.1945

    Calendar of Battles and Engagements



    Western Campaign Calendar of Battles and Engagements

    1.

     

    OKH Reserve on the Western Border.

    10.20.1939

    5.9.1940

    203

    2.

     

    Breakout to the Ärmel Canal.

    5.10.1940

    6.4.1940

    26

     

    a.

    Advance Through Luxemburg, Belgium and Northern France.

    5.10.1940

    5.30.1940

    21

     

    b.

    March to the Somme, Aisne and Oise and Formation of a Bridgehead.

    5.31.1940

    6.4.1940

    5

    3.

     

    Combat in France.

    6.5.1940

    6.19.1940

    14

     

    a.

    Battle and Crossing the Aisne River.

    6.9.1940

    6.10.1940

    2

     

    b.

    Battles on both Sides of Reims.

    6.10.1940

    6.13.1940

    4

     

    c.

    Pursuit Fighting over the Marne, Aube and Seine Rivers to the Loire.

    6.14.1940

    6.19.1940

    6

    4.

     

    Occupation of France.

    6.26.1940

    7.2.1940

    7

     

    a.

    Security on the Demarcation Line.

    6.26.1940

    7.2.1940

    7

      5.

     

    Deployment to the Home Region.

    7.3.1940

    3.27.1941

    268



    Balkan Campaign Calendar of Battles and Engagements

    1.

     

    Security on the German-Yugoslavian Frontier.

    3.28.1941

    4.5.1941

    9

    2.

     

    Breakthrough of the Yugoslavian Frontier Fortifications.

    4.6.1941

    4.9.1941

    4

    3.

     

    Fighting to Capture Agram and Belgrad.

    4.10.1941

    4.12.1941

    3

    4.

     

    Capture of Belgrad and Pursuit Battles Toward Sarajewo.

    4.13.1941

    4.18.1941

    6

    5.

     

    Securing the Former Yugoslavian Area.

    4.19.1941

    6.13.1941

    56



    Eastern Campaign Calendar of Battles and Engagements

    1.

     

    Battle of Bialystock-Slonim.

    7.2.1941

    7.11.1941

    10

    2.

     

    Drive from Slonim to the Dnieper on Both Sides of Mohilev.

    7.12.1941

    7.19.41

    8

    3.

     

    Battle of Mohilev.

    7.20.1941

    7.28.1941

    9

    4.

     

    Defensive Battles on the Berezina, Dnieper and Szosh.

    7.28.1941

    8.11.1941

    15

    5.

     

    Battle at Gomel.

    8.12.1941

    8.20.1941

    9

    6.

     

    Pursuit Battles at Gomel toward the Desna and Sznov.

    8.21.1941

    8.30.1941

    10

    7.

     

    Battle of Chernigov.

    8.31.1941

    9.8.1941

    9

    8.

     

    Pursuit Battles During the Battle of Kiev.

    9.9.1941

    9.18.1941

    10

    9.

     

    Employment in the Zone of Operations in the East.

    9.19.1941

    10.1.1941

    13

    10.

     

    Battle of Bryansk.

    10.2.1941

    10.20.1941

    19

    11.

     

    Drive Southwest of Orel.

    10.21.1941

    11.18.1941

    29

    12.

     

    Drive on Tim-Yelets-Yefremov.

    11.18.1941

    12.5.1941

    18

    13.

     

    Defensive Battle in the Area of Tim-Yelets.

    12.5.1941

    12.20.1941

    16

    14.

     

    Defensive Battle at Kursk.

    12.21.1941

    2.4.1942

    46

    15.

     

    Defensive Fighting South of Orel.

    2.5.1942

    4.18.1942

    73

    16.

     

    Positional Fighting in the Zone of Heeresgruppe Mitte.

    4.19.1942

    7.4.1942

    77

    17.

     

    Eastern Offensive in 1942  [Case Blue]

    6.28.1942

    11.18.42

    144

     

    a]

    Breakthrough and Pursuit to the Upper Don and Capture of Voronesh.

    6.28.1942

    7.8.1942

    11

     

    b]

    Defensive Battles on the Don.

    7.9.1942

    11.18.1942

    133

     

    c]

    Defensive Battle of Voronesh.

    7.9.1942

    10.4.1942

    88

    18.

     

    Winter 1942/1943 Defensive Fighting.

    11.19.1942

    2.13.1943

    87

     

    a]

    Position Fighting on the Don and in the Area Voronesh-Livny.

    11.19.1942

    1.14.1943

    56

     

    b]

    Defensive Battles in the Area Voronesh-Kursk.

    1.15.1943

    2.13.1943

    30

     

    c]

    Positional Fighting in the Zone of Heeresgruppe Mitte.

    2.14.1943

    7.4.1943

    141

    19.

     

    Defensive Battles in the East in 1943.

    7.5.1943

    12.27.1943

    176

     

    a]

    Position Fighting West of Kursk

    7.5.1943

    8.25.1943

    52

     

    b]

    Defensive battle of Ssevsk and Retreat to the Desna.

    8.26.1943

    9.16.1943

    22

     

    c]

    Defensive Fighting on the Desna and Retreat to the Dnieper.

    9.17.1943

    9.29.1943

    17

     

    d]

    Defensive Battle in the Area of Gomel-Retschize.

    10.15.1943

    12.27.1943

    74

    20.

     

    Defensive Fighting in the Pripjet Area.

    12.28.1943

    4.19.1944

    114

     

    a]

    Defensive fighting in the Pripjet.

    12.28.1943

    4.19.1944

    114

     

    b]

    Defensive Battle of Kalinkovitschi.

    1.8.1944

    1.29.1944

    22

     

    c]

    Battle at Kovel.

    3.27.1944

    4.19.1944

    24

     

    d]

    Defense of the Fortified Positions of Kovel.

    3.27.1944

    4.5.1944

    10

    21.

     

    Positional Fighting in the Zone of Heeresgruppe Mitte.

    4.20.1944

    6.21.1944

    63

    22.

     

    Defensive and Withdrawal Fighting from the Russian Summer Offensive Between the Pripjet and the Bug.

    6.22.1944

    8.10.1944

    50

     

    a]

    Positioning at Brest-Litovsk.

    7.28.1944

    7.28.1944

    1

    23.

     

    Fighting Between the Bug and the Narew.

    8.10.1944

    9.16.1944

    38

    24.

     

    Position Fighting on the Narew and in the Pultsk Kessel.

    9.17.1944

    1.13.1945

    119

    25.

     

    Withdrawal Fighting Between the Narew and the Lower Weichsel.

    1.14.1945

    1.31.1945

    18

    26.

     

    Fighting on the Weichsel and in Danzig.

    2.1.1945

    3.30.1945

    58

     

    a]

    Defense at Graudenz.

    2.18.1945

    3.5.1945

    16

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    as AOK Ostpreußen

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    27.

     

    Final Fighting in East and West Prussia [Hela, Weichsel Delta and Samland]

    4.7.1945

    5.8.1945

    32


    Bibliography


    • Die deutschen Infanterie-Divisonen, Band 1-3, by Werner Haupt
    • Die deutsche Feldpostübersicht 1939-1945, Band 1-3, by Nobert Kannapin
    • Die Pflege der Tradition der alten Armee in Reichsheer und im der Wehrmacht, by Schirmer/Wiener
    • Die Truppenkennzeichen... der deutchen Wehrmacht u. Waffen-SS, Band 1-4, by Schmitz/Thies
    • Der Zweite Weltkrieg im Kartenbild, Band 1-3, by Klaus-Jurgen Thies
    • Deutsche Verbände und Truppen 1918-1939, by George Tessin
    • Verbände und Truppen der deutchen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS..., Band 1-14, by Georg Tessin
    • Formationsgeschichte und Stellenbesetzung 1815-1939, Teil 1, der deutschen Heer, Band 1-3, by Günter Wegner
    • Die Deutsche Wehrmacht u. Waffen-SS, Ihre Kommando. u. Grossverbände... im Zweiten Weltkrieg, author unknown
    • Das Reichsheer und Seine Tradition, author unknown
    • Deutsche Rote Kreuz Suchdienst, Divisionsschicksale, author unknown

    • Reforging the Iron Cross, The Search for Tradition..., by Donald Abenheim
    • The German Infantry Handbook 1939-1945, by Alex Buchner
    • German Army Order of Battle: The Replacement Army 1939-1945, by Victor Madej
    • German Army Order of Battle: Field Army and Officer Corps 1939-1945, by Victor Madej
    • Hitler's Legions, by Samuel Mitcham
    • German Order of Battle World War II, Vol I, by George Nafziger
    • German Order of Battle 1944, author unknown