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18.Armee-Oberkommando

Unit Emblems

          

Campaigns

  • Westwall 1939
  • Western Campaign 1940
  • Eastern Front 1941-1945

    History

    The 18. Armee was established on 4 November 1939. It was assigned to the western frontier with the Netherlands. It then fought in the Campaign in the West from 10 May 1940 until 25 June 1940 fighting both in Holland and then France. It was then involved in the occupation of southern France from 26 June 1940 through 20 July 1940. From 21 July 1940 through 21 June 1941 it was serving in the east along the northern Germany-Russian Frontier. The 18. Armee was in existence 2,015 days of which 1,419 days were spent fighting on the Eastern Front in the northern area.

    Organization

    Koruck 583
    Armee-Nachrichten-Regiment 520
    Kdr der Armee-Nachschubtruppen 516
    Höherer Arko 303

    Commanders

    Georg von Küchler 11.4.1939
    Georg Lindemann 1.16.1942
    Herbert Loch 3.29.1944
    Ehrenfried Boege 9.2.1944

    Calendar of Battles and Engagements

    Western Campaign Calendar of Battles and Engagements

    1.

     

    Security on the Western Border.

    11.4.1939

    5.9.1940

    188

    2.

     

    Airborne Landing and Fighting in the Fortress Holland.

    5.10.1940

    5.17.1940

    8

    3.

     

    Fight for the Ijssel and Grebbe Positions.

    5.10.1940

    5.14.1940

    5

    4.

     

    Attack toward Maas and Peel Positions and Breakthrough to the Coast.

    5.10.1940

    5.14.1940

    5

    5.

     

    Attack Toward the Southern Front of Fortress Holland.

    5.14.1940

    5.15.1940

    2

    6.

     

    Conquest of Holland.

    5.10.1940

    5.14.1940

    5

    7.

     

    Security in Northern Holland.

    5.15.1940

    5.30.1940

    16

    8.

     

    Conquest of Walcheren Island.

    5.16.1940

    5.18.1940

    3

    9.

     

    Attack Toward the Fortress Antwerpen and Across the Schelde.

    5.15.1940

    5.20.1940

    6

    10.

     

    Fighting in East Flanders, Brealthrough Toward the Fortifications at Gent.

    5.19.1940

    5.23.1940

    5

    11.

     

    Attack Over the Neuzen-Gent Canal and Over the Lys.

    5.21.1940

    5.27.1940

    7

    12.

     

    Battle for Dünkirchen.

    5.28.1940

    6.4.1940

    8

    13.

     

    Fighting for the Paris Fotified Positions.

    6.11.1940

    6.13.1940

    3

    14.

     

    Crossover the Seine River.  [not the 1. Kav.Div.]

    6.12.1940

    6.13.1940

    2

    15.

     

    Pursuit Fighting to the Loire River.

    6.14.1940

    6.18.1940

    5

    16.

     

    Crossing Over the Loire River.

    6.17.1940

    6.20.1940

    4

    17.

     

    Pursuit Fighting south of the Loire River.

    6.20.1940

    6.25.1940

    6

    18.

     

    Occupation of Southwest France.

    6.26.1940

    7.20.1940

    25

    19.

     

    March to the Germany-Russian Border and Security.

    7.21.1940

    6.21.1941

    336



    Eastern Campaign Calendar of Battles and Engagements

    1.

     

    Frontier Fighting in Lithuania.

    6.22.1941

    6.29.1941

    8

     

    a]

    Breakthrough at the Frontier Positions.

    6.22.1941

    6.25.1941

    4

     

    b]

    Advance Across the Niemen River and Capture of Kovno.

    6.22.1941

    6.26.1941

    5

     

    c]

    Conquest of Libau.

    6.24.1941

    6.29.1941

    6

    2.

     

    Advance Across the Duna River.

    6.27.1941

    7.12.1941

    16

     

    a]

    Fighting in Eastern Lithuania and Latvia.

    6.27.1941

    7.7.1941

    11

     

    b]

    Conquest of Riga and Fighting Between the Duna River and Velikiye Luki.

    6.29.1941

    7.12.1941

    14

    3.

     

    Conquest of Estonia.

    7.4.1941

    9.5.1941

    64

     

    a]

    Advance Across Western Estonia.

    7.4.1941

    7.13.1941

    10

     

    b]

    Advance to and the Battle for Dorpat.

    7.11.1941

    8.4.1941

    25

     

    c]

    Breakthrough from Wesenburg to Narva.

    8.5.1941

    8.19.1941

    15

     

    d]

    Battle for Reval.

    8.20.1941

    8.28.1941

    9

    4.

     

    Raid Across the Old Russian State Border.

    7.8.1941

    7.8.1941

    1

    5.

     

    Operations against Leningrad.

    7.12.1941

    9.25.1941

    76

     

    a]

    Drive East of Lake Peipus and the Narva.

    7.13.1941

    7.18.1941

    6

     

    b]

    Breakthrough of the Luga River Positions.

    8.18.1941

    8.28.1941

    11

     

    c]

    Advance to the Neva River and to Lake Ladoga.

    8.25.1941

    9.25.1941

    32

     

    d]

    Breakthrough into the Fortifications of Leningrad.

    8.29.1941

    9.25.1941

    28

     

    e]

    Drive to Peterhof.

    9.17.1941

    9.25.1941

    9

    6.

     

    Conquest of the Baltic Islands.

    9.8.1941

    10.15.1941

    38

     

    a]

    Seizure of Hobulaid, Worms and Kessu  Islands.

    9.8.1941

    9.10.1941

    2

     

    b]

    Seizure of Moon Island.

    9.11.1941

    9.15.1941

    5

     

    c]

    Seizure of Usel Island.

    9.16.1941

    10.5.1941

    20

    7.

     

    Defensive Fighting before Leningrad and Oranienbaum.

    9.26.1941

    6.30.1942

    278

    8.

     

    Fighting between Lake Illmen and Lake Ladoga.

    12.28.1941

    6.27.1942

    181

     

    a]

    Defense Against the Russian Volkhov Offensive to Relieve Leningrad.

    1.13.1942

    5.21.1942

    129

     

    b]

    Destruction of the Enemy in the Volkhov Kessel.

    5.22.1942

    6.27.1942

    37

    9.

     

    Position Fighting in the Zone of Heeresgruppe Nord.

    7.1.1942

    1.13.1944

    562

     

    a]

    First Defensive Battle South of Lake Ladoga.

    8.27.1942

    9.3.1942

    8

     

    b]

    Second Defensive Battle South of Lake Ladoga and the Pogoste Kessel and South of Kolpino.

    1.12.1943

    3.31.1943

    79

     

    c]

    Defensive fighting around near Nowgorod.

    3.15.1943

    3.26.1943

    12

     

    d]

    Third Defensive Battle South of Lake Ladoga.

    7.22.1943

    9.24.1943

    65

    10.

     

    Defensive Fighting in Northern Russia and for the Baltic Islands.

    1.14.1944

    4.23.1944

    101

     

    a]

    Defensive Battles for Novgorod and Leningrad and Retreat Fighting to Pleskau and Narva.

    1.14.1944

    3.1.1944

    48

     

    b]

    Defensive Fighting on the Narva River.

    2.2.1944

    4.23.1944

    82

    11.

     

    Position Fighting in the Zone of Heeresgruppe Nord.

    4.24.1944

    7.13.1944

    81

    12.

     

    Defensive and retreating battles during the Russian summer offensive in the Baltic Countries thereby: Fighting west of Lake Peipus [Dorpat-Verro].

    7.14.1944

    10.6.1944

    85

    13.

     

    Defensive Positioning on Southern Front in Courland.

    10.7.1944

    10.19.1944

    13

    14.

     

    Six Battles for Courland.

    10.27.1944

    3.30.1945

    155

    15.

     

    Position Fighting in Courland.

    4.1.1945

    5.10.1945

    40


    Bibliography



  • Die deutschen Infanterie-Divisonen, Band 1-3, by Werner Haupt
  • Die deutsche Feldpostübersicht 1939-1945, Band 1-3, by Nobert Kannapin
  • Die Pflege der Tradition der alten Armee in Reichsheer und im der Wehrmacht, by Schirmer/Wiener
  • Die Truppenkennzeichen... der deutchen Wehrmacht u. Waffen-SS, Band 1-4, by Schmitz/Thies
  • Der Zweite Weltkrieg im Kartenbild, Band 1-3, by Klaus-Jurgen Thies
  • Deutsche Verbände und Truppen 1918-1939, by George Tessin
  • Verbände und Truppen der deutchen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS..., Band 1-14, by Georg Tessin
  • Formationsgeschichte und Stellenbesetzung 1815-1939, Teil 1, der deutschen Heer, Band 1-3, by Günter Wegner
  • Die Deutsche Wehrmacht u. Waffen-SS, Ihre Kommando. u. Grossverbände... im Zweiten Weltkrieg, author unknown
  • Das Reichsheer und Seine Tradition, author unknown
  • Deutsche Rote Kreuz Suchdienst, Divisionsschicksale, author unknown

  • Reforging the Iron Cross, The Search for Tradition..., by Donald Abenheim
  • The German Infantry Handbook 1939-1945, by Alex Buchner
  • German Army Order of Battle: The Replacement Army 1939-1945, by Victor Madej
  • German Army Order of Battle: Field Army and Officer Corps 1939-1945, by Victor Madej
  • Hitler's Legions, by Samuel Mitcham
  • German Order of Battle World War II, Vol I, by George Nafziger
  • German Order of Battle 1944, author unknown