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18.Armee-Oberkommando

Unit Emblems


18.Armee-Oberkommando Emblem  

Campaigns


  • Westwall 1939
  • Western Campaign 1940
  • Eastern Front 1941-1945

History


The 18. Armee was established on 4 November 1939. It was assigned to the western frontier with the Netherlands. It then fought in the Campaign in the West from 10 May 1940 until 25 June 1940 fighting both in Holland and then France. It was then involved in the occupation of southern France from 26 June 1940 through 20 July 1940. From 21 July 1940 through 21 June 1941 it was serving in the east along the northern Germany-Russian Frontier. The 18. Armee was in existence 2,015 days of which 1,419 days were spent fighting on the Eastern Front in the northern area.

Organization


Koruck 583
Armee-Nachrichten-Regiment 520
Kdr der Armee-Nachschubtruppen 516
Höherer Arko 303

Commanders


Georg von Küchler 11.4.1939
Georg Lindemann 1.16.1942
Herbert Loch 3.29.1944
Ehrenfried Boege 9.2.1944

Calendar of Battles and Engagements


Western Campaign Calendar of Battles and Engagements
1. Security on the Western Border. 11.4.1939 5.9.1940 188
2. Airborne Landing and Fighting in the Fortress Holland. 5.10.1940 5.17.1940 8
3. Fight for the Ijssel and Grebbe Positions. 5.10.1940 5.14.1940 5
4. Attack toward Maas and Peel Positions and Breakthrough to the Coast. 5.10.1940 5.14.1940 5
5. Attack Toward the Southern Front of Fortress Holland. 5.14.1940 5.15.1940 2
6. Conquest of Holland. 5.10.1940 5.14.1940 5
7. Security in Northern Holland. 5.15.1940 5.30.1940 16
8. Conquest of Walcheren Island. 5.16.1940 5.18.1940 3
9. Attack Toward the Fortress Antwerpen and Across the Schelde. 5.15.1940 5.20.1940 6
10. Fighting in East Flanders, Brealthrough Toward the Fortifications at Gent. 5.19.1940 5.23.1940 5
11. Attack Over the Neuzen-Gent Canal and Over the Lys. 5.21.1940 5.27.1940 7
12. Battle for Dünkirchen. 5.28.1940 6.4.1940 8
13. Fighting for the Paris Fotified Positions. 6.11.1940 6.13.1940 3
14. Crossover the Seine River. [not the 1. Kav.Div.] 6.12.1940 6.13.1940 2
15. Pursuit Fighting to the Loire River. 6.14.1940 6.18.1940 5
16. Crossing Over the Loire River. 6.17.1940 6.20.1940 4
17. Pursuit Fighting south of the Loire River. 6.20.1940 6.25.1940 6
18. Occupation of Southwest France. 6.26.1940 7.20.1940 25
19. March to the Germany-Russian Border and Security. 7.21.1940 6.21.1941 336


Eastern Campaign Calendar of Battles and Engagements
1. Frontier Fighting in Lithuania. 6.22.1941 6.29.1941 8
a] Breakthrough at the Frontier Positions. 6.22.1941 6.25.1941 4
b] Advance Across the Niemen River and Capture of Kovno. 6.22.1941 6.26.1941 5
c] Conquest of Libau. 6.24.1941 6.29.1941 6
2. Advance Across the Duna River. 6.27.1941 7.12.1941 16
a] Fighting in Eastern Lithuania and Latvia. 6.27.1941 7.7.1941 11
b] Conquest of Riga and Fighting Between the Duna River and Velikiye Luki. 6.29.1941 7.12.1941 14
3. Conquest of Estonia. 7.4.1941 9.5.1941 64
a] Advance Across Western Estonia. 7.4.1941 7.13.1941 10
b] Advance to and the Battle for Dorpat. 7.11.1941 8.4.1941 25
c] Breakthrough from Wesenburg to Narva. 8.5.1941 8.19.1941 15
d] Battle for Reval. 8.20.1941 8.28.1941 9
4. Raid Across the Old Russian State Border. 7.8.1941 7.8.1941 1
5. Operations against Leningrad. 7.12.1941 9.25.1941 76
a] Drive East of Lake Peipus and the Narva. 7.13.1941 7.18.1941 6
b] Breakthrough of the Luga River Positions. 8.18.1941 8.28.1941 11
c] Advance to the Neva River and to Lake Ladoga. 8.25.1941 9.25.1941 32
d] Breakthrough into the Fortifications of Leningrad. 8.29.1941 9.25.1941 28
e] Drive to Peterhof. 9.17.1941 9.25.1941 9
6. Conquest of the Baltic Islands. 9.8.1941 10.15.1941 38
a] Seizure of Hobulaid, Worms and Kessu Islands. 9.8.1941 9.10.1941 2
b] Seizure of Moon Island. 9.11.1941 9.15.1941 5
c] Seizure of Usel Island. 9.16.1941 10.5.1941 20
7. Defensive Fighting before Leningrad and Oranienbaum. 9.26.1941 6.30.1942 278
8. Fighting between Lake Illmen and Lake Ladoga. 12.28.1941 6.27.1942 181
a] Defense Against the Russian Volkhov Offensive to Relieve Leningrad. 1.13.1942 5.21.1942 129
b] Destruction of the Enemy in the Volkhov Kessel. 5.22.1942 6.27.1942 37
9. Position Fighting in the Zone of Heeresgruppe Nord. 7.1.1942 1.13.1944 562
a] First Defensive Battle South of Lake Ladoga. 8.27.1942 9.3.1942 8
b] Second Defensive Battle South of Lake Ladoga and the Pogoste Kessel and South of Kolpino. 1.12.1943 3.31.1943 79
c] Defensive fighting around near Nowgorod. 3.15.1943 3.26.1943 12
d] Third Defensive Battle South of Lake Ladoga. 7.22.1943 9.24.1943 65
10. Defensive Fighting in Northern Russia and for the Baltic Islands. 1.14.1944 4.23.1944 101
a] Defensive Battles for Novgorod and Leningrad and Retreat Fighting to Pleskau and Narva. 1.14.1944 3.1.1944 48
b] Defensive Fighting on the Narva River. 2.2.1944 4.23.1944 82
11. Position Fighting in the Zone of Heeresgruppe Nord. 4.24.1944 7.13.1944 81
12. Defensive and retreating battles during the Russian summer offensive in the Baltic Countries thereby: Fighting west of Lake Peipus [Dorpat-Verro]. 7.14.1944 10.6.1944 85
13. Defensive Positioning on Southern Front in Courland. 10.7.1944 10.19.1944 13
14. Six Battles for Courland. 10.27.1944 3.30.1945 155
15. Position Fighting in Courland. 4.1.1945 5.10.1945 40

Bibliography


  • Die deutschen Infanterie-Divisonen, Band 1-3, by Werner Haupt
  • Die deutsche Feldpostübersicht 1939-1945, Band 1-3, by Nobert Kannapin
  • Die Pflege der Tradition der alten Armee in Reichsheer und im der Wehrmacht, by Schirmer/Wiener
  • Die Truppenkennzeichen... der deutchen Wehrmacht u. Waffen-SS, Band 1-4, by Schmitz/Thies
  • Der Zweite Weltkrieg im Kartenbild, Band 1-3, by Klaus-Jurgen Thies
  • Deutsche Verbände und Truppen 1918-1939, by George Tessin
  • Verbände und Truppen der deutchen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS..., Band 1-14, by Georg Tessin
  • Formationsgeschichte und Stellenbesetzung 1815-1939, Teil 1, der deutschen Heer, Band 1-3, by Günter Wegner
  • Die Deutsche Wehrmacht u. Waffen-SS, Ihre Kommando. u. Grossverbände... im Zweiten Weltkrieg, author unknown
  • Das Reichsheer und Seine Tradition, author unknown
  • Deutsche Rote Kreuz Suchdienst, Divisionsschicksale, author unknown

  • Reforging the Iron Cross, The Search for Tradition..., by Donald Abenheim
  • The German Infantry Handbook 1939-1945, by Alex Buchner
  • German Army Order of Battle: The Replacement Army 1939-1945, by Victor Madej
  • German Army Order of Battle: Field Army and Officer Corps 1939-1945, by Victor Madej
  • Hitler's Legions, by Samuel Mitcham
  • German Order of Battle World War II, Vol I, by George Nafziger
  • German Order of Battle 1944, author unknown