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16.Armee-Oberkommando

Unit Emblems


          

Campaigns


  • West Wall 1939
  • Western Campaign 1940
  • Eastern Front 1941-1945

    History


    The 16. Armee was established on 22 October 1939. From 22 October 1939 through 9 May 1940 they provided security on the Western frontier. From 10 May 1940 through 25 June 1940 they fought in the Western campaign. From 26 June 1940 through 17 April 1941 they served as occupation forces in France, Belgium and Holland. From 18 April 1941 through 21 June 1941 they relocated to East Prussia and then served in the east until the end of the war. The 16. Armee was in existence for 2,058 days.

    Organization


    Koruck 584
    Armee-Nachrichten-Regiment 501
    Armee-Nachschubführer 560
    Höherer Arko 309

    Commanders


    Ernst Busch 10.22.1939
    Christian Hansen 10.11.1943
    Paul Laux 6.1.1944
    Carl Hilpert 9.3.1944
    Ernst-Anton von Krosigk 3.9.1945
    Friedrich Volckamer von Kirchensittenbach 3.16.1945

    Calendar of Battles and Engagements



    16. Army (AOK 16)----Western Campaign Calendar of Battles and Engagements

    1.

     

    Security on the Western Border.

    10.22.1939

    5.9.1940

    201

    2.

     

    Advance Across Luxemburg and Southern Belgium toward the Maginot Line.

    5.10.1940

    5.14.1940

    5

    3.

     

    Breakdown of the Maginot Line and Expansion of the Bridgehead Sedan Between the Ardennes Canal and Chiers.

    5.15.1940

    5.28.1940

    15

    4.

     

    Fighting on the Maginot Line.

    5.10.1940

    6.25.1940

    46

     

    a.

    Breakthrough in the Direction of Verdun.

    6.9.1940

    6.13.1940

    5

     

    b.

    Encirclement of Verdun.

    6.14.1940

    6.15.1940

    2

     

    c.

    Destruction Battle at Toul.

    6.16.1940

    6.25.1940

    10

     

    d.

    Raid in the Direction of Metz-Diedenhofen.

    6.17.1940

    6.25.1940

    9

    5.

     

    Occupation of France Between Argonnen and Mosel.

    6.26.1940

    7.2.1940

    7

    6.

     

    Occupation in Belgium and in the Netherlands. [Coastal Security]

    7.3.1940

    4.17.1941

    289

    7.

     

    March to East Prussia and the Eastern Front.

    4.18.1941

    6.21.1941

    65



    16. Army (AOK 16)-----Eastern Campaign Calendar of Battles and Engagements

    1.

     

    Frontier Fighting in Lithuania.

    6.22.1941

    6.29.1941

    8

     

    a]

    Breakthrough at the Frontier Positions.

    6.22.1941

    6.25.1941

    4

     

    b]

    Advance Across the Niemen River and Capture of Kovno.

    6.22.1941

    6.26.1941

    5

    2.

     

    Advance across the Düna River.

    6.27.1941

    7.12.1941

    16

     

    a]

    Fighting in Eastern Lithuania and Latvia.

    6.27.1941

    7.7.1941

    11

     

    b]

    Conquest of Riga and Fighting Between the Duna River and Velikiye Luki.

    6.29.1941

    7.12.1941

    14

    3.

     

    Advance Across the Old Russian State Border and Operations South of Lake Ilmen.

    7.8.1941

    9.23.1941

    78

     

    a]

    Breakthrough of the Frontier Fortifications and Pursuit up to the Lake Ilmen.

    7.8.1941

    8.9.1941

    33

     

    b]

    Battle Around Staraya Russa.

    8.10.1941

    8.24.1941

    13

     

    c]

    Battle to the Lovat and Polist Rivers.

    8.25.1941

    9.23.1941

    30

    4.

     

    Operations Against Leningrad.

    7.13.1941

    9.25.1941

    75

     

    a]

    Battle near Novgorod.

    8.10.1941

    8.24.1941

    15

     

    b]

    Breakthrough of the Luga River positions.

    8.18.1941

    8.28.1941

    11

     

    c]

    Advance to the Neva River and to Lake Ladoga.

    8.25.1941

    9.25.1941

    32

    5.

     

    Defensive Fighting before Leningrad.

    9.26.1941

    6.30.1942

    278

    6.

     

    Defense Between Lake Ilmen and Lake Ladoga.

    9.26.1941

    10.15.1941

    20

    7.

     

    Fighting in the Valdai Area.

    9.26.1941

    1.7.1942

    104

    8.

     

    Advance on Tikhvin and Volkhovstroi as well as Fighting for Tikhvin.

    10.16.1941

    12.7.1941

    53

    9.

     

    Defensive fighting at the Volkhov River and between Volkhovstroi and Lake Ladoga.

    12.8.1941

    12.27.1941

    18

     

    a]

    Fighting Retreat to the Volkhov River.

    12.8.1941

    12.27.1941

    20

     

    b]

    Defensive fighting near Volkhovstroi, Withdrawal into Positions South of Lake Ladoga.

    12.8.1941

    12.27.1941

    20

     

    c]

    Defensive fighting at Volkhov.

    12.25.1941

    12.27.1941

    3

    10.

     

    Defensive fighting south of Lake Ilmen.

    1.8.1942

    6.30.1942

    174

     

    a]

    Defense Against Russian Breakthrough in the Area Ostaschkov- Kholm-Staraya Russa.

    1.8.1942

    2.8.1942

    32

     

    b]

    Defense of the Demyansk Area.

    2.8.1942

    6.30.1942

    143

     

    c]

    Defensive Fighting on the Staraya Russa Front.

    2.9.1942

    6.30.1942

    142

     

    d]

    Defense and Relief of Kholm.

    1.21.1942

    5.5.1942

    105

     

    e]

    Defense around Kholm.

    5.6.1942

    6.30.1942

    57

     

    f]

    Holding Open Communications with Troops in the Demyansk Kessel.

    3.21.1942

    6.9.1942

    81

    11.

     

    Position Fighting in the Zone of Heeresgruppe Nord.

    7.1.1942

    1.13.1944

    562

     

    a]

    Defensive Fighting for the Land Bridge Northwest of Demyansk.

    7.17.1942

    11.6.1942

    113

     

    b]

    Defense of the Robya-Lovat Angle.

    9.27.1942

    10.9.1942

    13

     

    c]

    Defensive Fighting in the Area of Demyansk and for the Land Bridge Northwest of Demyansk.

    11.7.1942

    2.16.1943

    102

     

    d]

    Defensive Battles Around Staraya Russa.

    2.23.1943

    3.19.1943

    25

     

    e]

    Defensive Fighting Around Staraya Russa.

    8.18.1943

    8.22.1943

    5

     

    f]

    Defensive Battle Near Nevel.

    10.6.1943

    1.5.1944

    92

    12.

     

    Defensive Battles in Northern Russia and Before the Baltic Countries.

    1.14.1944

    4.23.1944

    101

     

    a]

    Defensive Fighting North of Nevel.

    1.14.1944

    2.15.1944

    33

     

    b]

    Retreat from the Lovat River on the Line Pustoshka- Ostrov.

    2.18.1944

    2.28.1944

    11

     

    c]

    Defensive Battle Near Pustoshka.

    2.28.1944

    3.17.1944

    19

     

    d]

    First Defensive Battle for Ostrov and Pleskau.

    3.4.1944

    3.12.1944

    9

     

    e]

    Second Defensive Battle for Pleskau.

    3.31.1944

    4.17.1944

    18

     

    f]

    Defensive Battle North of Opotschka.

    3.26.1944

    4.11.1944

    16

    13.

     

    Position Fighting in the Zone of Heeresgruppe Nord.

    4.24.1944

    7.12.1944

    80

    14.

     

    Defensive and Retreating Battles during the Russian Summer Offensive in the Baltic Countries thereby: Fighting for Modona and to the Duna River.

    7.13.1944

    10.4.1944

    84

    15.

     

    Fighting for Riga and Mitau.

    10.5.1944

    10.26.1944

    22

    16.

     

    Six Battles for Courland.

    10.27.1944

    3.30.1945

    155

    17.

     

    Position Fighting in Courland.

    4.1.1945

    5.10.1945

    40


    Bibliography


    • Die deutschen Infanterie-Divisonen, Band 1-3, by Werner Haupt
    • Die deutsche Feldpostübersicht 1939-1945, Band 1-3, by Nobert Kannapin
    • Die Pflege der Tradition der alten Armee in Reichsheer und im der Wehrmacht, by Schirmer/Wiener
    • Die Truppenkennzeichen... der deutchen Wehrmacht u. Waffen-SS, Band 1-4, by Schmitz/Thies
    • Der Zweite Weltkrieg im Kartenbild, Band 1-3, by Klaus-Jurgen Thies
    • Deutsche Verbände und Truppen 1918-1939, by George Tessin
    • Verbände und Truppen der deutchen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS..., Band 1-14, by Georg Tessin
    • Formationsgeschichte und Stellenbesetzung 1815-1939, Teil 1, der deutschen Heer, Band 1-3, by Günter Wegner
    • Die Deutsche Wehrmacht u. Waffen-SS, Ihre Kommando. u. Grossverbände... im Zweiten Weltkrieg, author unknown
    • Das Reichsheer und Seine Tradition, author unknown
    • Deutsche Rote Kreuz Suchdienst, Divisionsschicksale, author unknown

    • Reforging the Iron Cross, The Search for Tradition..., by Donald Abenheim
    • The German Infantry Handbook 1939-1945, by Alex Buchner
    • German Army Order of Battle: The Replacement Army 1939-1945, by Victor Madej
    • German Army Order of Battle: Field Army and Officer Corps 1939-1945, by Victor Madej
    • Hitler's Legions, by Samuel Mitcham
    • German Order of Battle World War II, Vol I, by George Nafziger
    • German Order of Battle 1944, author unknown