10.SS-Panzer-Division "Frundsburg"
Lineage
  • SS-Panzergrenadier-Division 10
  • 10.SS-Division "Karl der Grosse"
  • 10.SS-Panzergrenadier-Division "Frundsberg"
  • 10.SS-Panzer-Division "Frundesberg"
  • Traditions This unit was named after Georg von Frundsberg who lived from 1473 to 1528. Frundsberg was a well known soldier and hero who fought in the services of the Hapsburg Monarchy during several wars.
    Campaigns
  • Eastern Front 1944
  • Western Front 1944-1945
  • Eastern Front 1945
  • History
    Chronology 8 January, 1943: Recruiting in progress; division being raised in Charente, France, intially named SS-Panzergrenadier-Division 10. Reichsführer Heinrich Himmler, when questioned by Adolf Hitler concerning the average age of the soldiers and officers of the division, states "18 Jahre" (18 years).

    1 February, 1943: SS-Panzer-Regiment 10 formed, intially issued PanzerIVs, and given the honor title, "Langemarck".

    6 June, 1943: Division receives honor title, "Karl der Grosse".

    3 October, 1943: Designated SS-Panzer-Division "Frundsberg".

    22 October, 1943: Re-designated 10.SS-Panzer-Division "Frundsberg", and SS-Panzer-Regiment 10 "Langemarck" re-organized with one PanzerV (Panther) battalion, and one Panzer IV battalion.

    November, 1943: II Battalion, SS-Panzer-Regiment 10 "Langemarck" re-organized with two Panzer IV companies and two StuG III companies.

    25 March, 1944: Generalfeldmarschal Erich Manstein decides to commit the division to an operation for relief of the 1.Armee, located just east of the Zbruz River, 35 miles east of Tarnopol.

    1 April, 1944: Division arrives at the front and is attached to 4.Panzer-Armee, Armeegruppe "North Ukraine" (formerly Armeegruppe "South"); I Battalion, SS-Panzer-Regiment 10 "Langemarck" remains in France.

    5 April, 1944: 4.Panzer-Armee begins its thrust east, its division begin attacks against Soviet positions across the Seret River.

    6 April, 1944: Fighting at Buchach starts opening the "Corridor".

    7 April, 1944: Division makes first contact with elements of 1.Armee.

    9 April, 1944: Elements of the 1.Armee withdraw to reinforce the Seret bridgehead, 600 tons of supplies are shipped through the "Corridor". Division begins northward movement towards Kowel.

    14 April, 1944: Soviet First Ukrainian Front captures Tarnopol.

    17 April, 1944: Division still engaged west of the Bug River.

    11 June, 1944: Hitler orders cancellation of a planned offensive near Kowel, division ordered to France.

    16 June, 1944: From his Rastenburg headquarters, Hitler orders the division to reinforce the disintigrating defence of Normandy.

    23 June, 1944: Paul Hausser, II.SS-Panzerkorps commander, reports to Generalfeldmarschal Erwin Rommel that the division has arrived in France.

    25 June, 1944: Division arrives in Normandy, and proceeds to positions between Caen and Villers-Bocage. Commencement of Operation EPSOM.

    27 June, 1944: Counterattacks against British VIII Corps. British 11th Armored Division halts counterattacks.

    28 June, 1944: British 11th Armored Division crosses the Odon River.

    29 June, 1944: Division, assigned to II.SS-Panzerkorps, moves into position between the XLVII.Panzerkorps and I.SS-Panzerkorps, facing Hill 112 along the Odon River. Hill 112 falls to British 11th Armored Division, which withdraws back across the Odon River, and Hill 112 is retaken by German forces. Operation EPSOM fails.

    1 July, 1944: Division badly mauled by aerial bombardment, location 5 kilometers south of Villers-Bocage.

    15 July, 1944: Operation GREENLINE traps the division west of Caen.

    18 July, 1944: Caen falls to the Allies.

    30 July, 1944: US 4th Armored Division seizes Avranches.

    31 July, 1944: British VIII Corps begins Operation BLUECOAT, an assault towards Vire.

    2 August, 1944: Redeployed against the British VIII Corps, halting their advance 3 kilometers from Vire.

    13 August, 1944: Division holding off US XV Corps at Domfront.

    16 August, 1944: Division 1 kilometer north of Briouze, in the Falaise Pocket. Withdrawal across the Orne River begins.

    22 August, 1944: All resistance in the Falaise Pocket ceases; Remnants of the division sent to Holland for rest and refit. Army Group B reports that the division has no tanks left and only four battalions of infantry.

    12 September, 1944: Kampfgruppe "Frundsberg" formed under Brigadeführer Heinz Harmel, slated for redeployment to Aachen for rest and refit.

    17 September, 1944: Commencement of Operation MARKET GARDEN. Division begins redeployment across the Arnhem Bridge to Nijmegen. The reconaissance battalion from the 9th SS Panzerdivision "Hohenstaufen", temporarily assigned to Kampfgruppe "Frundsberg", attempt to cross the bridge at between 1930 and 2000. Kampfgruppe "Frundsberg" is assigned to Army Group B.

    18 September, 1944: Kampfgruppe "Frundsberg" is blocked from crossing the Arnhem Bridge and begins to ferry personnel and equipment across the Pannerdern Canal. Components of Kampfrguppe "Frundsberg" include 4 Panzer Mk Ivs, Kampfrgruppe "Reinhold", Kampfgruppe "Euling", and Kampfgruppe "Henke".

    19 September, 1944: British XXX Corps reaches Nijmegen.

    20 September, 1944: Division defending positions along the Waal River, Nijmegen; Kampfrguppe "Hanke" captures Fort Hof Van Holland. At 1500, 2nd battalion, 504th Parachute Infantry Regiment (US 82nd Airborne Division) begins amphibious assault crossing of the Waal River, and their attack on Hunner Park is repulsed by Kampfgruppe "Euling". British Grenadier Guards clear Fort Valkhof of elements of Kampfgruppe "Euling" and cross the Waal River between 1800 and 1900 as elements of Kampfgruppe "Frundsberg" withdraw from Nijmegen and ready for the defense of Arnhem.

    21 September, 1944: British Guards Armored Division crosses the Nijmegen Bridge.

    24 September, 1944: Two Königstiger companies from the 506th Schwere Panzer Abteilung are sent to reinforce the division near Elst, Holland.

    26 September, 1944: Operation MARKET GARDEN fails.

    1 October, 1944: Counteroffensive against the British XXX Corps.

    5 October, 1944: Final German counterattacks against the "Arnhem Corridor".

    27 October, 1944: Remaining elements of the First Allied Airborne Army evacuate the "Arnhem Corridor." Division sent to Geilenkirchen, Germany to continue rest and refit.

    December, 1944: 10. SS-Panzer-Regminet "Langemarck" reduced to one battalion, with two PanzerV (Panther) companies and two PanzerIV companies.

    27-31 December, 1944: Division in reserve, OB West begins preparations for assembling the division to stage for Operation ZAHNARZT behind First Army lines.

    3 January, 1945: 10. SS-Panzer-Regiment "Langemarck" expands to two battalions, including one PanzerV (Panther) battalion with four companies and one Panzer IV battalion with three companies.

    7 January, 1945: Division in reserve, staging for Operation ZAHNARZT.

    January, 1945: Division slated for deployment east of the Haguenau Forest along the Rhine River to link up with Army Group Oberrhein's forces in the Gambsheim bridgehead.

    10/11 January, 1945: General Blaskowitz beings assembling the division at Lauterbourg.
    16 January, 1945: Division spearheads the final German drive south from Lauterbourg through Seltz, 2 miles west of the Rhine River, in an attempt to seize the Gambsheim bridgehead held by Task Force Linden (US).

    24 January, 1945: Division 4 miles west of Souffelnheim, in the Hagenau Forest.

    16 February, 1945: Division attacks to the southwest, from Berlin, as part of SS-Obergruppenführer Felix Steiner's 11. SS Panzer-Armee, against Marshal Zhukov's First Byelorussian Front.

    March, 1945: Defense of Stettin Harbor, battles against the Red Army for the Altdamm Bridge across the Oder River.

    22 March, 1945: Begin rest and refit at Stettin, Poland.

    27 March, 1945: Rest and refit completed; Division entrains at Grambow Station.

    28 March, 1945: Reconaissance battalion entrains at Grambow Station.

    31 March, 1945: Division arrives at Briesen, Germany and division HQ is established at Wilmersdorf, Germany (Sachsen).

    2 April, 1945: Division Staff reaches Lichtenau.

    8 April, 1945: Division sent to rest and refit south of Lauban, east of G–rlitz, division staff moves to Heidersdorf.

    16 April, 1945: Hitler directs the division to relocate to Cottbus- Spremberg, assigns it to reserve of Armeegruppe ³Center². Soviet drive on Berlin begins.

    17 April, 1945: Reconaissance battalion reaches Cottbus, remainder of division arrives at Spremberg. Part of the division attacked at Gross Osning; SS PzRgt 10 and I/SS PzGrRgt 21 attempt unsuccessful counterattack.

    18 April, 1945: Division HQ re-established at Roitz. Division split into three groups; 1) 10.SS.PzAfkl.Abt., located south of Cottbus, 2) logistical and out of fuel elements of the division, located at Bautzen, and 3) the bulk of the division, including SS.PzGr.Rgts.21 and 22, located northwest of Spremberg. IV/SS.Pz.Art.Rgt.10 moves from Madzow to Slamen, south of Spremberg, and again moves to Heinrichsdorf. The remainder of SS.Pz.Art.Rgt.10 moves to Kochsdorf.

    19 April, 1945: Division encircled at Spremberg with the 344.Volksgrenadier- Division and the Führer-Begleit-Division.

    21 April, 1945: Breakout from the Spremberg Pocket begins along the Jessen- Stradow road; Bulk of the division is surrounded at Kausche within hours. SS.Pz.Art.Rgt.10 moves to Gosda.

    22 April, 1945: Remainder of the division passes through Wiesenthal and Geisendorf as breakout from Kausche is effected. Survivors bypass Petershain, proceeding northwest in an effort to reach the Elbe River.

    23 April, 1945: Remainder of the division travels along Autobahn 3 to the forest between Wormlage and Saalhausen.

    25 April, 1945: Remnants of the division pass Düllingen.

    26 April, 1945: Remnants of the division arrive at Baerwalde between Dresden and Grossenhain.

    3 May, 1945: Remnants of the division move to Moritzburg to avoid encirclement.

    5 May, 1945: Remnants of the division ordered to reassemble west of Dresden.

    6 May, 1945: A column of the division is attacked by Soviet armor near Gampitz.

    7 May, 1945: Remnants of the division destroy 5 Soviet T-34 tanks enroute to Sudetenland.

    9 May, 1945: Remnants of the division attacked by Soviet armor near Brüx (Most), Czechoslovakia as they proceed to Klingenthal.

    10 to 12 May, 1945: Division's remnants attempt unsuccessful reassembly, and disband on their own in an effort to make their way west individually. A number of survivors, who are not captured by either Soviet or Czech forces enroute, surrendur to the US 102nd Infantry Division at Tangermünde, on the Elbe River.
    Organization
    June, 1943
    1.SS-Panzergrenadier-Regiment "Frundsberg"
    2.SS-Panzergrenaider-Regiment "Frundsberg"
    10.SS-Panzer-Regiment
    10.SS-Kradschutzen-Regiment
    SS Sturmgeschütz-Abteilung
    SS Panzerjäger-Abteilung
    SS Flak-Abteilung
    SS Pioneer-Abteilung
    SS Panzer-Nachrichten-Abteilung
    10th SS Divisional Support Units

    October, 1943
    21.SS-Panzergrenadier-Regiment
    22.SS-Panzergrenadier-Regiment
    10.SS-Panzer-Regiment
    10.SS-Aufklarung-Abteilung
    10.SS-Panzerjäger-Abteilung
    10.SS-Flak-Abteilung
    10.SS-Pioneer-Abteilung
    10.SS-Panzer-Nachrichten-Abteilung
    10th SS Divisional Support Units

    In October, 1943, this division was given the number 10 and bestowed with the offical title of Frundsberg, while the 1st and 2nd SS-Panzergrenadier-Regiments were renumber as the 21st and 22nd Panzergrenadier-Regiments.
    Commanders Standartenführer Michael Lippert, 3.??.43 - 2.15.43
    Gruppenführer Lothar Debes, 2.15.43 - 11.15.43
    Gruppenführer Karl Fischer von Treuenfeld, 11.15.43 - 4.27.44
    Gruppenführer Heinz Harmel, 4.27.44 - 4.??.45
    Obersturmbannführer Franz Roestel, 4.??.45 - 5.8.45
    War Service
    Date
    Corps
    Army
    Army Group
    Area
    1.43 - 4.43 forming - D South France
    5.43 - 8.43 forming 1. Armee D SW France
    9.43 - 10.43 forming - D Marseilles
    11.43 Reserve 15. Armee D North France
    12.43 Reserve - D North France
    1.44 - 3.44 Reserve - D North France
    4.44 II. SS 1. Pz. Armee Nordukraine Tarnopol
    5.44 - 6.44 Reserve - Nordukraine Lemberg
    7.44 II. SS Panzergruppe West B Normandy
    8.44 - 9.44 rebuilding - B Holland
    10.44 (kgr.) II. SS 1. Fallsch. Armee B Arnhem
    11.44 (parts) LXXXVIII 15. Armee B Düren
    12.44 Reserve 5. Pz. Armee B Eifel
    1.45 Reserve 15. Armee B Eifel, Elsass
    2.45 XXXIX 11. Armee Weichsel Pommern
    3.45 Reserve 9. Armee Weichsel Oder
    4.45 Reserve - Mitte Lausitz
    5.45 (parts) Reserve 4. Pz. Armee Mitte Sachsen