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German Armed Forces Research 1918-1945

HSK 1 - Hilfskreuzer Orion

History 27 March 30: Launched as the Kurmark by Blohm und Voss in Hamburg under the Hamburg-America Line.

1930-1939: Served as a merchant ship in the German Handelsmarine.

9 December 39:Commissioned into the Kriegsmarine as HSK 1, otherwise known as Hilfskreuzer Orion.

30 March 40: Orion set sail from Kiel, but was quickly ordered to remain in coastal waters to avoid leaving at the same time as Hilfskrueuzer Atlantis.

6 April 40:Orion set sail once more, this time from Süder Piep on the west coast of Schleswig-Holstein, with orders to head for the Pacific Ocean. The Orion was disguised as the Dutch freighter Beemsterdijk.

commanders Korv.Kap. Kurt Weyher