Feldgrau helmet logo
Feldgrau.com
German Armed Forces Research 1918-1945
WW2-German-Iron-Cross-Oakbar

SS-Freiwilligen-Legion Flandern


Lineage

  • SS-Freiwilligen-Standarte "Nordwest"
  • SS-Freiwilligen-Verband Flandern (Landesverband Flandern)
  • SS-Bataillon Flandern
  • SS-Freiwilligen-Legion Flandern

History

In April and May, 1941, Flemish volunteers arrived in Hamburg, Germany. They had signed up to serve in the SS-Standarte "Nordwest", and were incorporated in the 1, 6 and 8 Flemish companies. After a short basic training, they went to Radom, Poland, and then to Debica for further training.

Formed in July 1941 in Radom, it was also known as the SS-Freiwilligen Verband Flandern and as the Flandern Bataillon. It later became a full regiment known as the SS-Freiwilligen Verband Nordwest, which, in turn, became two battalions of the Freiwilligen Standarte Nordwest.

In September, 1941, it became the independent SS-Freiwilligen Legion Flandern, standing as a reinforced infantry battalion with five motorized companies.

On November 10th, 1941, the Legion marched to the front near the region of Nowgorod. It then had 1112 soldiers, 950 of them were Flemish, and of the 950, 14 were Flemish officers.

In May 1943 it was formed into the SS-Freiwilligen-Sturmbrigade "Langemarck"

The following is a brief overview of the Legions Kriegstagebuch (War Record). An extremely detailed listing of the Legions Kriegstagebuch will follow this listing.

Battles in the Wolchow-region:
11.41 - 12.7.41: Attacks an Tischwin and Wolchowstroy, with fighting's in Tischwin.
11.41 - 12.27.41: Retreating to the Wolchow-river.
12.25.41 - 12.27.41: Defense Fighting along the Wolchow-river
1.13.42 - 5.21.42: Repulsing the Russian Wolcho-offensive (Russian Reliefe of Leningrad)
1.13.42 - 2.27.42: Phase 1, defending the frontline.
2.28.42 - 5.21.42: Phase 2, closing the encirclement.
5.22.42 - 6.27.42: Phase 3, destroying the enemy in the Wolchow-region.

Trench fighting at Leningrad
8.27.42 - 9.3.42: First counter attack south of the Ladoga-see
1.12.43 - 3.31.43: Second counter attack south of the Ladoga Sea. South of Kolpino and at the surrounding of Pogostschje.

At this point the legion leaves the front and travels to Debica and Milowitz, to be reformed to the SS-Freiwilligen-Sturmbrigade "Langemarck".


Kriegstagebuch of the 1.Kompanie/Legion Flandern
11.18.41 - 12.15.41 In quarters south of Tossno, Tarasowa, Adrianowo, Awati, Menzia, Sydorowo, together with the rest of the legion.
11.24.41 - 12.6.41 Protection and flank defence at the railroad from Mga to Kirischi at Maluska - Baracky - Pogostje, and south of the Maluska swamps. Reconnaissance actions in the region of Gatika, Goroschewez, Babino, together with the rest of the Legion. This action was also called "Klein einsatz". In this period the Legion was a part of the 2.SS-Infanterie-Brigade(mot). First Flemish volunteer, Frans Coulombier, was awarded the E.K.2.kl. during this time.
12.18.41 - 2.2.42 At rest west of Riga.
2.17.42 - 2.24.42 Attack on Ossiya under command of Inf.Rgt.426 from the 126 Inf.Div.
2.24.42 - 3.1.42 Building a defence line at Ossiya.
3.2.42 - 2.9.42 Major attack on Wishiki and Zimtitzy, together with the 3./Komp., 4./Komp. and 5./Komp.
3.3.42 Attacking the flank from the Russian defence positions at Zimtitzy. Together with the 3./Komp. (Sturmgruppe Vieweger)
3.7.42 Pushing forward along the road to Zimtitzy.
Together with the 4./Komp. and 5./Komp. of the Legion, and the 2./Komp. from Inf.Rgt.422.
3.8.42 Taking of the town Zimtitzy, and starting to defend it, together with the rest of the Legion, minus the 2.Komp.
3.9.42 - 3.16.42 The Legion leaves the front and stays as corps reserve for the XXVIII.Armeekorps, in Chechulino.
from 3.12.42 The Legion is now under command of the 58.Inf.Div..
From here the Legion fights as a closed unit, so the Kriegstagebuch mentions the Legion as a whole, and no other information on this kompanie is found.

Kriegstagebuch of the 2.Kompanie/Legion Flandern
11.18.41 - 12.15.41 In quarters south of Tossno, Tarasowa, Adrianowo, Awati, Menzia, Sydorowo, together with the rest of the legion.
11.24.41 - 12.6.41 Protection and flank defence at the railroad from Mga to Kirischi at Maluksa - Baracky - Pogostje, and south of the Maluska swamps. Reconnaissance actions in the region of Gatika, Goroschewez, Babino, together with the rest of the Legion. This action was also called Klein einsatz. In this period the Legion was a part of the 2.SS-Inf.Brig.(mot). First Flemish volunteer, Frans Coulombier, is awarded the E.K.2.kl. at this time
12.18.41 - 1.9.42 At rest west of Riga, together with the 4./Komp.
1.9.42 - 1.17.42 Marching back to the front, together with the 4./Komp.
1.19.42 - 2.5.42 Attacking Krutik and Koptzy, fighting east of Koptzy.
2.5.42 - 2.14.42 At rest at Podberezey.
2.15.42 - 2.20.42 Defending Lyubtsy (under command of Ustuf. Müller)
Helping the 3./Komp. to force a breaktrhough at Sapolje.
2.20.42 - 2.27.42 Moving from Zimtitzy to Krutik, together with the 3./Komp. and 5./Komp., to defend Krutik.
2.27.42 - 3.1.42 At rest at Podborerzey, together with the 3./Komp., 4./Komp. and 5./Komp.
3.2.42 - 3.7.42 Stays in reserve for the attack on Wishiki and Zimtitzy.
3.7.42 Pushing forward through the woods at Zimtitzy, together with the 3./Komp.
3.9.42 - 3.16.42 The Legion leaves the front and stays as corps reserve for the XXVIII Armeekrps, in Chechulino.
From 3.12.42 The Legion is now under command of the 58.Inf.Div..
From here the Legion fights as a single unit, so the Kriegstagebuch mentions the Legion as a whole, and no more seperate information is found.

Kriegstagebuch of the 3.Kompanie/Legion Flandern
11.18.41 - 12.15.41 In quarters south of Tossno, Tarasowa, Adrianowo, Awati, Menzia, Sydorowo, together with the rest of the legion.
11.24.41 - 12.6.42 Protection and flank defence at the railroad from Mga to Kirischi at Maluksa - Baracky - Pogostje, and south of the Maluska swamps. Reconnaissance actions in the region of Gatika, Goroschewez, Babino, together with the rest of the Legion. This action was also called Klein einsatz. In this period the Legion was as part of the 2.SS - Inf.Brig.(mot). Also during this time, the first Flemish volunteer, Frans Coulombier was awarded the E.K.2.kl.
12.18.41 - 1.30.42 At rest west of Riga, together with the 5./Komp.
2.2.42 - 2.5.42 Defence fighting in front of Zemtitzy, together with the 5./Komp., under command of the 422.Inf.Rgt.
2.5.42 - 2.15.42 Defence fighting at Sapolje, together with the II and III Batl./Inf.Rgt.424
(Under command of Oberst Hoppe)
2.9.42 Forming of the Gefechtsgruppe Polsterer with the 4./Komp. and the 11.Komp./Inf.Rgt.424, in the eastern sector of Sapolje
2.15.42 - 2.20.42 Breakthrough from Sapolje to Zemtitzy, along the road Lyubtsy - Zemtitzy. The breakthrough only succeeded after the help of the 2./Komp.
2.20.42 - 2.27.42 Moving from Zimtitzy to Krutik, together with the 2./Komp. and 5./Komp., to defend Krutik.
2.27.42 - 3.1.42 At rest at Podborerzey, together with the 2./Komp., 4./Komp. and 5./Komp.
3.2.42 - 3.9.42 Major attack on Wishiki and Zimtitzy, together with the 1./Komp., 4./Komp. and 5./Komp.
3.3.42 Attacking the flank from the Russian defence positions at Zimtitzy.
Together with the 1./Komp. (Sturmgruppe Vieweger)
3.7.42 Pushing forward through the woods at Zimtitzy, together with the 2./Komp.
3.8.42 Taking of the town Zimtitzy, and starting to defend it, together with the rest of the Legion, minus the 2.Komp.
3.9.42 - 3.16.42 The Legion leaves the front and stays as corps reserve for the XXVIII.Armeekorps, in Chechulino.
From 3.12.42 The Legion is now under command of the 58.Inf.Div..
From here the Legion fights as a close unit. So the Kriegstagebuch mentions the Legion as a whole, and no separative information is found.

Kriegstagebuch of the 4.Kompanie/Legion Flandern
11.18.41 - 12.15.41 In quarters south of Tossno, Tarasowa, Adrianowo, Awati, Menzia, Sydorowo, together with the rest of the legion.
11.24.41 - 12.6.41 Protection and flank defence at the railroad from Mga to Kirischi at Maluksa - Baracky - Pogostje, and south of the Maluska swamps. Reconnaissance actions in the region of Gatika, Goroschewez, Babino, together with the rest of the Legion. This action was also called Klein einsatz. In this period the Legion was a part of the 2.SS - Inf.Brig.(mot). Also at this time, the first Flemish volunteer, Frans Coulombier, was awarded the E.K.2.kl.
12.18.41 - 1.9.42 At rest west of Riga, together with the 2./Komp.
1.9.42 - 2.17.42 Marching back to the front, together with the 2./Komp.
1.17.42 - 2.27.42 Defence fighting in the region of Sapolje
2.2.42 - 2.27.42 Defence fighting in Koptzy (Under command of Ustuf. De Wilde)
2.9.42 Forming of the Gefechtsgruppe Polsterer with the 3./Komp. and the 11.Komp./Inf.Rgt.424, in the eastern sector of Sapolje
2.14.42 - 2.19.42 Defence fighting at Tyutitzy, with Inf.Rgt.424.
2.19.42 - 2.27.42 Fighting at Krutik.
2.27.42 - 3.1.42 At rest at Podborerzey, together with the 2./Komp., 3./Komp. and 5./Komp.
3.2.42 - 3.9.42 Major attack on Wishiki and Zimtitzy, together with the 1./Komp., 3./Komp. and 5./Komp.
3.7.42 Pushing forward along the road to Zimtitzy.
Together with the 1./Komp. and 5./Komp. of the Legion, and the 2./Komp. from Inf.Rgt.422.
3.8.42 Taking of the town Zimtitzy, and starting to defend it, together with the rest of the Legion, minus the 2.Komp.
3.9.42 - 3.16.42 The Legion leaves the front and stays as corps reserve for the XXVIII.Armeekorps, in Chechulino.
From 3.12.42 The Legion is now under command of the 58.Inf.Div..
From here the Legion fights as a single unit, so the Kriegstagebuch mentions the Legion as a whole, and no other information is found.

Organization

Freiwilligen Verband Flandern Field Post Numbers
Stab
  1.Kompanie
  2.Kompanie
  3.Kompanie
F.-P.-Nr 44853
F.-P.-Nr 44853
F.-P.-Nr 44853
F.-P.-Nr 44853

Freiwilligen Legion Flandern
Field Post Numbers
Stab
  Stab Kompanie
    1.Schutzen-Kompanie
    2.Schutzen-Kompanie
    3.Schutzen-Kompanie
4.schwere Granatwerfer-Kompanie
5.Panzerjäger-Kompanie
F.P.-Nr 44853A
F.P.-Nr 44853A
F.P.-Nr 44853B
F.P.-Nr 44853C
F.P.-Nr 44853D
F.P.-Nr 44853E
F.P.-Nr 44853F

Commanders

April 1941 - July 1941: SS-Standartenführer Reich (Nordwest)
July 1941 - April 1942: SS-Sturmbannführer Lippert
April 1942 - June 1942: SS-Standartenführer von Lettow-Vorbeck (Represented by SS-Hauptsturmführer Hallmann)
June 1942 - July 1942: SS-Obersturmbannführer Fitzhum
July 1942 - May 1945: SS-Obersturmbannführer Schellong

Staff of the Legion on 10 November 1941

    Commander Stubaf. Lippert
    Adjutant Ustuf. Steffen
    Ordannance officer Stubaf. Bohez
    Intentant Ostuf. Seipold
    Medic Ostuf. Dr. Prix
    Medic aid Ostuf. Michel
    Paymaster Hscha. Odoj
    Dentist Ustuf. Hepburn

Commanders 1.Komp./SS-Freiw.Legion Flandern

    Ostuf. Nussbaum
    Ostuf. Van der Smissen
    Ostuf. Deicke
    Ustuf. Lagast
    Ustuf. Harder
    Ustuf. Mahrenholz.

Commanders 2.Komp./SS-Freiw.Legion Flandern

    Ustuf. Breymann
    Ustuf. Vieweger
    Ustuf. Müller
    Ustuf. Hoffmann
    Ustuf. Breymann
    Ustuf. Ritzau
    Ustuf. Marteson
    Ustuf. Delbaere
    Ustuf. Ritzau
    Ustuf. Tupuchies

Commanders 3.Komp./SS-Freiw.Legion Flandern

    Ustuf. Moyen
    Ustuf. Kühlbach
    Ustuf. Kahrl
    Ustuf. Köhn
    Ustuf. Harder
    Ustuf. Kahrl
    Ustuf. Vogel

Commanders 4.Komp./SS-Freiw.Legion Flandern

    Ustuf. Neuhäuser
    Ustuf. Polsterer
    Ustuf. Weingärtner
    Ustuf. Moyen
    Ustuf. Delbaere
    Ustuf. Weingärtner

Commanders 5.Komp./SS-Freiw.Legion Flandern

    Ustuf. Weingärtner
    Ustuf. Dethier
    Ustuf. Fürst
    Ustuf. Dethier