German Armed Forces Research 1918-1945
The 9.Volksgrenadier-Division was formed in October, 1944 from Schatten-Division Dennewitz and the very few available remains of the original 9.Infanterie-Division.
As part of General der Panzertruppe Erich Brandenberger's 7.Armee, LIII.Armee-korps, the 9.Volksgrenadier-Division participated in the failed Ardennes offensive of December 1944, heavily engaged in the rear-guard fight against American forces in Luxembourg, and then later in southern Germany.
In April, 1945 the decimated 9.Volksgrenadier-Division consisted merely of the divisional commander and his HQ staff whom were seconded to the also exhausted 352.Volksgrenadier-Division as part of XIII.SS-Armeekorps.
The last men of the 9.Volksgrenadier-Division surrendered to the Americans at Nuremberg on April 30, 1945.
As a general rule, formations which were refitted as Volksgrenadier units took on the Volksgrenaider naming conventions. i.e. - 36, 57, and 116 Infanterie-Regimenter of the former 9.Infanterie-Division became Volksgrenadier-Regiment 36, Volksgrenadier-Regiment 57, and Volksgrenadier-Regiment 116 respectively. Integral divisonal components such as Artillerie-Regiment 9 became Volks-Artillerie-Regiment 9, and so on, although in the case of the 9.Volksgrenaider-Division, the units of the division took on only the name of Grenadier.
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