3rd Gebirgsjager Division
|Formed: April 1st, 1939|
Mobilized: August 26th, 1939
Home Station: Graz
Division composed of:
1,2,3 Abteilung, 139th Gebirgsjager Regiment
1,2,3 Abteilung, 112th Gebirgs Artillerie Regiment
12th Reconnaissance Abteilung
48th Panzerabwehr Abteilung
83rd Gebirgs Pioneer Abteilung
68th Signals Abteilung
68th Divisional support units
The 12th Reconnaissance Abteilung was renamed the 112th, and was transferedto the 6th Gebirgsjager Division along with the 3 Abteilung, 112th GebrigsArtillerie Regiment. Portions of the 139th Gebirgsjager Regiment were usedto form the 141st Gebirgsjager Regiment for the 6th Gebirgsjager Division.The 68th Bicycle Abteilung was added while the Unit was fighting in Norway.Later, the 139th Gebirgsjager Regiment was formed into an independant brigadethat operated as Army troops and the 1,2,3 Abteilung, 144th GebirgsjagerRegiment was formed and added to the Division. The 68th Bicycle Abteilungand 48th Panzerabwehr Abteilung were traded with the 95th Bicycle Abteilungand 95th Panerabwehr Abteilung of the 5th Gebirgsjager Division, but bothnever actually became part of the 5th Gebirgsjager Division, as they stayedin the Finland and soon became Army Troops. The 4heavy Abteilung, 112th Gebirgs Artillerie Regiment was formed and added inthe middle of the war.
History and Campaigns:
In 1939, the 3rd Division took part in the Invasion of Poland along with the1st and 2nd Gebirgsjager Divisions, but it was pulled out of Polandbefore the Campaign was concluded and was posted to the Western Front toguard against suspected Allied incurisions along the Westwall.
With the invasion of Norway, the 3rd supplied portions of itsDivision, including parts of its 139th Gebirgsjager Regiment, for theassualt on the Northern coast of Norway. The 139th Regiment was heavilyengaged in operation holding Narvik from the Allies until it was nearlydestroyed, only to be saved by the collapse of the Allies in Norway and theSurrender of the Norwegian Government, just days before elements of the 2ndGebirgsjager Division managed to reach them and link up.
After operations in Northen Norway, the Division was posted to Finland,pulled back to Germany for rest and regrouping, and then posted back toFinland in the area around Lenningrad. Soon after, the Division was movedto Army Group Center along the Eastern Front. In 1944, the Division was inthe Southern Ukraine where it fought, and then in Hungary. Late in the War,the Division was pushed into Slovakia and then into Southern Silesia, and itsurrendered to the Soviets in May, 1945.
Schematische Kriegsgliederung (A detailed officallisting of the divisions locations):
* GJR. 138 remained in Heeresgruppe Mitte until 3.43.
Fate: Surrendered to the Soviets in May, 1945