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German Armed Forces Research 1918-1945

3rd Gebirgsjager Division

Formed: April 1st, 1939
Mobilized: August 26th, 1939
Wehrkries: XVIII
Home Station: Graz
Division composed of:

    1,2,3 Abteilung, 138th Gebirgsjager Regiment
    1,2,3 Abteilung, 139th Gebirgsjager Regiment
    1,2,3 Abteilung, 112th Gebirgs Artillerie Regiment
    12th Reconnaissance Abteilung
    48th Panzerabwehr Abteilung
    83rd Gebirgs Pioneer Abteilung
    68th Signals Abteilung
    68th Divisional support units

    The 12th Reconnaissance Abteilung was renamed the 112th, and was transfered to the 6th Gebirgsjager Division along with the 3 Abteilung, 112th Gebrigs Artillerie Regiment. Portions of the 139th Gebirgsjager Regiment were used to form the 141st Gebirgsjager Regiment for the 6th Gebirgsjager Division. The 68th Bicycle Abteilung was added while the Unit was fighting in Norway. Later, the 139th Gebirgsjager Regiment was formed into an independant brigade that operated as Army troops and the 1,2,3 Abteilung, 144th Gebirgsjager Regiment was formed and added to the Division. The 68th Bicycle Abteilung and 48th Panzerabwehr Abteilung were traded with the 95th Bicycle Abteilung and 95th Panerabwehr Abteilung of the 5th Gebirgsjager Division, but both never actually became part of the 5th Gebirgsjager Division, as they stayed in the Finland and soon became Army Troops. The 4 heavy Abteilung, 112th Gebirgs Artillerie Regiment was formed and added in the middle of the war.

History and Campaigns:

    When Austria was added to the Reich, many Austrian Mountain units were added to the German Heer. The 2nd Gebirgsjager Division was formed this way, being formed from the 5th and 7th Austrian Divisions.

    In 1939, the 3rd Division took part in the Invasion of Poland along with the 1st and 2nd Gebirgsjager Divisions, but it was pulled out of Poland before the Campaign was concluded and was posted to the Western Front to guard against suspected Allied incurisions along the Westwall.

    With the invasion of Norway, the 3rd supplied portions of its Division, including parts of its 139th Gebirgsjager Regiment, for the assualt on the Northern coast of Norway. The 139th Regiment was heavily engaged in operation holding Narvik from the Allies until it was nearly destroyed, only to be saved by the collapse of the Allies in Norway and the Surrender of the Norwegian Government, just days before elements of the 2nd Gebirgsjager Division managed to reach them and link up.

    After operations in Northen Norway, the Division was posted to Finland, pulled back to Germany for rest and regrouping, and then posted back to Finland in the area around Lenningrad. Soon after, the Division was moved to Army Group Center along the Eastern Front. In 1944, the Division was in the Southern Ukraine where it fought, and then in Hungary. Late in the War, the Division was pushed into Slovakia and then into Southern Silesia, and it surrendered to the Soviets in May, 1945.

Schematische Kriegsgliederung (A detailed offical listing of the divisions locations):

Date Corps Army Army Group Area
9.39 XVIII 14. Armee Süd Slovakia, Poland
10.39 - 11.39 reserve 6. Armee B Eifel
12.39 - 1.40 reserve 16. Armee A Hunsrück
4.40 - 8.40 XXI - - Norway (Narvik)
9.40 - 12.40 Gebirgskorps Norwegen (XXI) - - Norway
1.41 - 11.41 Gebirgskorps Norwegen Armee Norwegen - Norway, Finland (Murmansk)
12.41 reserve Armee Norwegen - Finland
1.42 - 4.42 BdE (Wehrkreis XVIII) - - Truppenübungsplatz Grafenwöhr
5.42 - 8.42 reserve - - Norway
9.42 reserve - Nord Reval, Leningrad
10.42 reserve 11. Armee Nord Leningrad
11.42 II. Luftwaffen-Feld-Korps LIX Mitte Velikiye-Luki
12.42 reserve - Don Don*
1.43 - 2.43 reserve Fretter-Pico B Donez
3.43 XXX 1. Pz. Armee Süd Voroschilovgrad
4.43 - 5.43 Mieth 6. Armee Süd Donez/Mius
6.43 - 9.43 IV 6. Armee Süd Donez/Mius
10.43 IV 6. Armee A Melitopol, Zaporoshye
11.43 - 12.43 IV 1. Pz. Armee Süd Melitopol, Zaporoshye
1.44 - 2.44 IV 6. Armee Süd Melitopol, Zaporoshye
3.44 XXIX 6. Armee A Nikopol
4.44 - 5.44 XXX 6. Armee Südukraine Kishinev
6.44 - 9.44 XVII 8. Armee Südukraine East Carpathia
10.44 IX. ungarische Korps 8. Armee Süd Hungary
11.44 - 12.44 XXIX 8. Armee Süd Slovakia
1.45 XVII 1. Pz. Armee A Slovakia
2.45 - 5.45 XXXXIX 1. Pz. Armee Mitte Oberschlesien

* GJR. 138 remained in Heeresgruppe Mitte until 3.43.

Fate: Surrendered to the Soviets in May, 1945