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130th Panzer-Lehr-Division


Panzer Lehr Division History

WW2 German 130th Panzer Lehr Division Emblem The 130th Panzer-Lehr-Division was formed 1.10.44 in the Nancy-Verdun area from various units of the German Army training and demonstration units, otherwise known as Lehr units, hence the name, Panzer-Lehr. Upon formation, the 130.Panzer-Lehr-Division was already considered an elite unit because of the fact that so many of the demonstration units that it was formed from already had elite status due to their use as demonstration units. the 130.Panzer-Lehr-Division would live up to its crack unit status during its one year of combat service.

Upon formation, the 130th Panzer-Lehr-Divisoin was located in France until it was transfered to the Eastern Front to Hungary and then back to France in May, 1944, for use in the planned counter-offensive against the Allies when their anticipated invasion of Europe in France finally came.

When the full fury of the massive Allied landings against Normandy, France finally hit in June, 1944, 130.Panzer-Lehr was one of the strongest units in the West. Panzer-Lehr fought the Allies in fierce battles for Caen and St. Lo, until it was so depleted that it had only a mere fraction of the armor it had stated with. Shattered, Panzer-Lehr then withdrew across France along with the rest of the retreating German forces in the West, until it was pulled out of the lines and reformed in the Saar and then in Paderborn.

The Division was sent back to the Saar to fight against the advancing allies, after which it was used during the massive German offensive against in December, 1944, Wacht am Rhein, where it took part in the siege of Bastogne.

When the Ardennes offensive failed, Panzer-Lehr saw action in Battles for the Maas Line in the Netherlands, and then in Battles to smash the American bridgehead at Remagen, which it failed to do.

Depleted, shaken and smashed, the 130th Panzer-Lehr-Division entered into the Ruhr Pocket in April, 1945, a mere shadow of the unit that had so fiercly meet the Allies in front of Caen in June and July, 1944. Panzer Lehr surrendered to the Americans when the Ruhr pocket finally fell.

Lineage

  • Panzertruppenschulen I und II
  • Panzer-Lehr-Division (also, 130.Panzer-Lehr-Division)

Campaigns

  • Hungary 1944
  • Western Front 1944-1945

Organization

General Composition
Panzergrenadier-Lehr-Regiment 901
  Panzergrenadier-Bataillon I
  Panzergrenadier-Bataillon II
Panzergrenadier-Lehr-Regiment 902
  Panzergrenadier-Bataillon I
  Panzergrenadier-Bataillon II
Panzer-Lehr-Regiment 130
  Panzer-Abteilung I
  Panzer-Abteilung II
Panzer-Artillerie-Lehr-Regiment 130
  Panzer-Artillerie-Abteilung I
  Panzer-Artillerie-Abteilung II
  Panzer-Artillerie-Abteilung III
Panzer-Aufklärungs-Lehr-Abteilung 130
Panzer-Flak-Artillerie-Abteilung 311
Panzerjäger-Abteilung 130
Panzer-Lehr-Pionier-Bataillon 130
Panzer-Nachrichten-Abteilung 130

Commanders

Gen.Lt. Fritz Bayerlein 1.10.44 - 6.07.44
Gen.Maj. Hyanzinth Graf Strachwitz von Gross-Zauche u. Camminetz 6.08.44 - 8.23.44
Oberst Rudolph Gerhardt 8.23.44 - 9.08.44
Oberst Paul FrHr. von Hauser 9.44
Gen.Lt. Fritz Bayerlein 9.44 - 1.15.45
Gen.Maj. Horst Niemack 1.15.45 - 4.03.45
Oberst Paul FrHr. von Hauser 4.03.45 - 4.15.45

War Service

Date Corps Army Army Group Area
1.44 - 3.44 forming - D (OB West) Nancy-Verdun
4.44 XXII Befh. Ungarn - Hungary
5.44 reserve OKW - Paris
6.44 I. SS 7. Armee B Normandy
7.44 LXXXIV 7. Armee B Normandy
8.44* LVIII 5. Pz. Armee B Normandy
9.44 (Kgr.) LXXX 1. Armee G Luxembourg
10.44 - 11.44 refreshing BdE - Sennelager
12.44 Vogesen 1. Armee G Saarpfalz
1.45 XXXXVII 5. Pz. Armee B Ardennes
2.45 reserve 1. Fallsch. Armee H Lower Rhein
3.45 XII. SS 15. Armee B Lower Rhein
4.45 LXXIV 15. Armee B Ruhr pocket

* another part served under LXXX. Corps/1. Armee/Hgr. B in the Paris-Soissons area