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12.Panzer-Division

History


The 12.Panzer-Division was formed from the 2.Infanterie-Division (mot) in October, 1940, being fully formed in January, 1941.

In July, 1941, the 12.Panzer was moved to the Eastern Front and took part in operations to encircle Minsk, cross the Dnieper and to take Smolensk. Moved to the Northern Front, 12.Panzer fought in the Battle of Mga, and then suffered heavy losses during the Soviet Winter counter-offenisive against the Germans in the North near Leningrad.

The 12.Panzer was then withdrwan to Estonia to rest and refit, and then quickly transfered back to fight again in the numerous battles south of Leningrad. The 12.Panzer was transfered to Army Group Center in November, 1942, near Roslavl.

During the period March-August, 1943, the 12.Panzer took part in operations in and around Orel, Bryansk, Gomel, and Zhlobin. In the Summer of 1943, the 12.Panzer took part in the German offensive against the Kursk salient, and in the fall of 1943, in defensive operations along the Dnieper in the central front.

In February, 1944, the 12.Panzer-Division was once again transfered north to take part in the desperate battles around Leningrad, but was not able to help stem the massive Soviet offensives against Army Group North. Throughout the next few months, the 12.Panzer withdrew west through the Baltic region along with the rest of the retreating German forces, until it was pushed into the Kurland Pocket in September, 1944. Holding out until May, 1945, the 12.Panzer-Division surrendered to the Soviets in May, 1945 when Festung Kurland was forced to lay down its arms.

Unit Emblems


  12.Panzer-Division Emblem    12.Panzer-Division Emblem  

Lineage


  • Wehrgauleitung Stettin
  • Artillerieführer II
  • 2.Infanterie-Division
  • 2.Infanterie-Divison (mot)
  • 12.Panzer-Division

Campaigns


  • Eatern Front 1941-1945

Organization


1940
12.Schutzen-Brigade
Schützen-Regiment 5
Schützen-Regiment 25
Kradschützen-Bataillon 22
Panzer-Regiment 29
Artillerie-Regiment (mot.) 2
Aufklärungs-Abteilung (mot.) 12
Panzerjäger-Abteilung 2
Panzer.Pionier-Bataillon 32
Panzer-Nachrichten-Abteilung 2
Felderstatz-Bataillon 2
2nd Divisional Support Units

1943
Panzergrenadier-Regiment 5
Panzergrenadier-Regiment 25
Panzer-Regiment 29
Artillerie-Regiment 2
Panzer-Aufklärung-Abteilung 12
Panzerjäger-Abteilung 2
Panzer-Pionier-Bataillon 32
Panzer-Nachrichten-Abteilung 2
Heeres-Flak-Abteilung 303
Felderstatz-Bataillon 2
2nd Divisional Support Units

Knights Cross Holders



War Service


Dates Korps Armee Armeegrupp Area
12.40-4.41 XXXXVI 11. Armee C Germany
5.41-6.41 WK III 3. Pz.Gruppe C Germany
7.41-8.41 XXXIX 3. Pz.Gruppe Mitte Minsk, Smolensk
9.41-12.41 XXXIX 16. Armee Nord Leningrad, Tichwin
1.42 Reserve 18. Armee Nord Estonia
2.42-4.42 Reserve Nord Wolchow
5.42-8.42 XXVIII 18. Armee Nord Ladoga
9.42 XXVI 18. Armee Nord Ladoga
10.42 Reserve 11. Armee Nord Newel
11.42 Reserve OKH Mitte Newel
12.42 XXXXI 9. Armee Mitte Bjeloje, Newel
1.43 XXIII 9. Armee Mitte Bjeloje, Newel
2.43 Reserve 3. Pz.Armee Mitte Witebsk
3.43 XXXXVI 2. Pz.Armee Mitte Orel
4.43 Reserve Mitte Orel
5.43 Reserve 2. Pz.Armee Mitte Orel
6.43 XXXXVI 2. Pz.Armee Mitte Orel
7.43 Reserve Mitte Orel
8.43 XXXV 2. Pz.Armee Mitte Orel
9.43-10.43 LVI 2. Armee Mitte Orel, Gomel
11.43 XX 2. Armee/td> Mitte Desna
12.43 LVI 2. Armee Mitte Mosyr, Pripjet
1.44 Reserve 3. Pz.Armee Mitte Mosyr, Pripjet
2.44 Reserve 18. Armee Nord Leningrad, Luga
3.44 VIII 16. Armee Nord Pleskau, Idritza
4.44-6.44 Reserve Nord Pleskau
7.44 LV 2. Armee Mitte Bobruisk
8.44-9.44 XXXIX 3. Pz.Armee Mitte Ostpreußen, Kurland
10.44 XXXIX 18. Armee Nord Kurland
11.44 Reserve Kleffel Nord Kurland
12.44 XXXVIII 16. Armee Nord Kurland
1.45 VI. SS 16. Armee Nord Kurland
2.45 Reserve 16. Armee Kurland Kurland
3.45 Reserve 18. Armee Kurland Kurland
4.45 VI. SS 16. Armee Kurland Kurland

German Bibliography


  • Die Geschichte der 12. Panzer-Division - 2. Infanterie-Division (mot.) 1921-45, by Gerd Niepold
  • Von Minsk bis Lyck, Die 12. Panzer-Division in den Rückzugsgefechten im Sommer 1944, by Niepold/Nennhaus
  • Infantrie-Regiment 5, Aus der Geschichte eines Pommerschen Regiments 1920-1945, by Lubs
  • Die deutschen Infanterie-Divisonen, Band 1-3, by Werner Haupt
  • Die deutsche Feldpostübersicht 1939-1945, Band 1-3, by Nobert Kannapin
  • Die Pflege der Tradition der alten Armee in Reichsheer und im der Wehrmacht, by Schirmer/Wiener
  • Die Truppenkennzeichen... der deutchen Wehrmacht u. Waffen-SS, Band 1-4, by Schmitz/Thies
  • Der Zweite Weltkrieg im Kartenbild, Band 1-3, by Klaus-Jurgen Thies
  • Deutsche Verbände und Truppen 1918-1939, by George Tessin
  • Verbände und Truppen der deutchen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS..., Band 1-14, by Georg Tessin
  • Formationsgeschichte und Stellenbesetzung 1815-1939, Teil 1, der deutschen Heer, Band 1-3, by Günter Wegner
  • Die Deutsche Wehrmacht u. Waffen-SS, Ihre Kommando. u. Grossverbände... im Zweiten Weltkrieg, author unknown
  • Das Reichsheer und Seine Tradition, author unknown
  • Deutsche Rote Kreuz Suchdienst, Divisionsschicksale, author unknown

English Bibliography (Available on Amazon)