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German Coastal Defence in Norway During WWII

By Bjorn Jervas

Naval Artillery

In the beginning of the Norwegian campaign, there were 6 Marineartillerie-Abteilungen:

MAA Horten

MAA Kristiansand

MAA Stavanger

MAA Bergen

MAA Drontheim

MAA Narvik

These units were to mann captured Norwegian Coastal Fortresses. In june 1940 the MAA's got number designations, the first ones for just 1 month, before they got permanent numbers.

The German MAA's were divided into companies, each company manned a battery. Each MAA usually consisted of 6 companies, but this could range from 2 - 12 coys.

The commander of a MAA was usually Korvettenkapitän, but could also be Fregattenkapitän or Kapitänleutnant.

Army Artillery

Army artillery units designed for coastal defence appeared in Norway in 1941. They established several Heeresküstenartillerie-regimenter (HKAR), Heeresküstenartillerie-Abteilungen (HKAA) and 160 Heeresküsten-Batterien (HKB).

At the end of the war, there were 221 batteries divided into 29 units & 10 regiments. The Germans had serious problems in commanding and controling this effectively. The mix-up between army and naval artillery also caused serious problems when it came to effective command.

The Heeresküstenartillerie had standard army OOB, but had guns of variying quality. They were also equipped with tanks, mostly French captured ones, like the Somua.

The coastal defence had a big need of men. In 1930, the whole Kriegsmarine counted 15 000 men. In Norway, the total number of Army / Naval Coast defence personell was about 65 000 (1945). Artillery Schools were established several places, amongst them Rauöy in the Oslo-fjord, and Stavern.

Marine FLAK

These AA units used two different 88 m.m cannons, 10,5 cm's and 7,5 cm's, together with different smaller calibre guns. Most fortresses was equipped with 20 m.m AA guns, and the Germans also widely used the MG 34 on an AA mount.

All fortresses had 150 cm floodlights, operated by a three man squad - this was used against sea & air targets.

RADARS

The Germans used radars on most fortresses. These models were in use:

FuMO (Seetakt.), numbered 1-100

FuMO (Seeart.), numbered 101-200

FuMO (Flak), numbered 201-300 Used by Luftwaffe

FuMO (Flum.), numbered 301-400 Used by Luftwaffe

FuMO 214, produced by Telefunken for Luftwaffe. Also known as Würtzburg-Riese, it was used to control heavy FLAK, and for guidance for interceptions. Had a weight of 15 tons, max range 80 km, but 55 km when used to control fire.

FuMO 2, also known as Calais, was produced by Gema. It was mobile.

FuMO 3, also known as Pillar, was a improved version of FuMO 2 and intended for use on E-Boats. Like FuMO 2 it had an effect of 20 W.

FuMO 5, also known as Boulogne, was the most powerful radar the Navy was equipped with. Had an effect of 400 W, and was twice as effective as FuMO 2 and 3.

FuMO 214/15 was equal to FuMO 214, but was much electronically improved. There was only one of these in Norway.

CLOSE DEFENCE

All units were trained to do their own close defence, and were equipped with light & heavy machine guns, many of these were "beutewaffen" from the Norwegian Army, such as Madsen light MG and Colt heavy MG. Germans also used a big amount of mortars, personnel & AT-mines and other AT-weapons. Some coastal fortresses had remote controlled flame-throwers, but these could only be used in 40 seconds before the fuel was empty. French built tanks were also in use, mostly Somua's.

For instance, the Battery at Trondenes was equipped with: 5 machine guns (norwegian), 1 Field Gun (7,62 cm russian), 1 AT gun (7,5 cm german), 1 mortar 81 m.m, 4 mobile flame-throwers, 6 x 20 m.m. FLAKs, 3 x 37 m.m. FLAKs, 3 x 8,8 cm FLAKs, 4 floodlights, 3 x 60 cm, 1 x 150 cm.

Barbed wire was usually used. Some fortresses had bunkers for the guns, others not.

The building of the fortresses had high priority, and the commando raids in Svolvär and Maalöy gave the work extra speed. Hitler always thought the allies would land in Norway. Some of the work was done by Organisation Todt and norwegian workers, but most was done by slave labourers from Serbia and Soviet. Many fortresses were taken over by the Norwegian Coastal Artillery in '45, and some are still operational w/ original guns. However, most are just ruins now. Batterie Dietl has been restored, and is a tourist attraction.

OTHER WEAPONS

In november '44 the Germans established so-called K-Flotillen. (Kleinkampfflotillen). These used a new kind of vessels:

Biber

Was a small submarine manned by one man, equipped with two torpedoes. The vessel was about 30 feet long, and had a Opel gas engine. Speed: 5 kts when diving, max depth: 30 m.

Marder

Also a one-man submarine. Had one torpedo. About 25 feet long, this vessel could originally not dive. Newer versions could, but it was very slow - only about 2,7 kts.

Molch

Another one-man U-boat, carried two torpedoes. Same engine as the Marder, but had a speed of 5 kts when diving. Max depth: 40 m.

All these subs were equipped with a rubber emergency boat.

Linzen

Not a submarine, length: 18 feet. Came in two versions, the smallest one had a crew of 3, and a weight of 800 kg. Radio-equipped. The bigger one had a weight of 1300 kg, but had a crew of just one. This version was in use in Norway. It carried a 348 kg war-head, had a speed of 30 kts, and was powered by a Ford (!) V 8 gas engine. These vessels were operated in pairs, with a leading ship.

UNITS

Name Location Vessel Amount Personnel

K-division in Narvik

K-flotille 2/265 Engelöy Biber 11 80

K-flotille 1/215 Ullvik Linzen 30 100

K-flotille 1/362 Brenvik Marder 20 70

K-division in Drontheim

K-Flotille 2/216 Namsos Linzen 24 80

K-flotille 1/216 Kristiansund Biber 15 90

K-flotille 2/267 Molde Biber 15 90

K-division in Bergen

K-flotille 2/362 Herdla Marder 20 70

K-flotille 3/362 Krokeidet Marder 20 70

K-flotille 2/215 Flatöy Linzen 30 100

K-division in Stavanger

K-flotille 476 Sola Molch 30 200

K-flotille 1/263 Hölen Biber 14 90

K-flotille 2/263 Tangen Biber 15 90

K-division in Oslofjord

K-flotille 1/265 Haaöy Biber 20 120

K-flotille 2/366 Maakeröy Marder 15 45

Mines

The Germans operated quite huge mine fields. These was organized by the Sperrwaffenkommandos.

These fields were in use:

Place No of fields Number of mines, german/ex-norwegian

Kirkenes 5 250/110

Tromsö 3 0/127

Sandnessjöen 10 250/108

Trondheim 2 0/32

Molde 2 2/60

Bergen 6 22/181

Kristiansand 2 0/40

Oslofjord 1 0/10

Totally the Germans laid 8 800 mines by 1942, and it put a stop to allied submarine operations in the fjords.

38 cm RGT

Late in the war, the Germans developed a 38 cm rocketlauncher (Raketentauchgeschoss) for use against enemy submarines. The ammo was a depth charge, which got rocket-fired from the shore, and into the water where it sank to the predestined depth, and exploded.

It was deployed to Alta, Agdenes and Trondheim amongst other places - mostly to cover the big battle ships like Tirpitz or U-boat bunkers.

The weapon had a range of 2 000 m.

Abbreviations used:

I.D = Infanterie-Division

HKAR = Heeres-Kütenartillerie-Regiment

MAR = Marine-Artillerie-Regiment

HKAA = Heeres-Küstenartillerie-Abteilung

MAA = Marine-Artillerie-Abteilung

MKB = Marine-Küsten-Batterie

HKB = Heeres-Küsten-Batterie

Art.Gr. = Artillerie-Gruppe

Art.U.Gr. = Artillerie-Untergruppe

Art.Ob.Gr. = Artillerie-Obergruppe

Many guns were gathered from all occupied countries. The Germans identified the origin with a letter: Austria (ö)Poland (p), Yugoslavia (j), Soviet (r), England (e), Holland (h), Belgium (b), France (f), Norway (n)and tzchech guns (t). It seems as if the Germans preferred the French quality, and their favourite were K331 and K332. However, the Germans had several accidents with cannons, and lost many men.

Personnel organization (1941)

Battery commander: 1 officer, armed with pistol

Vechicle driver: 1 soldier with rifle

Second commander: 1 officer with pistol

Observation man: 1 NCO with pictol

Range operators: 2 NCOs with pistols

Calculation platoon: 1 NCO with rifle (platoon commander), also gas officer

HQ crew: 4 soldiers with rifles, operated the 3-m range finder

MC driver: 1 soldier with rifle & motor cycle

Radio NCO: 1 NCO w/ rifle

Radio operators: 6 soldiers w/ rifles

Oberwachtmeister: 1 NCO w/ pistol

Platoon commanders: 2 NCOs w/ pistols

Medical officer: 1 NCO w/ pistol & motor cycle

Gun crew: 16 soldiers, 15 w/ rifles, 1 w/ pistol

MG crew: 2 crews w/ LMG & pistols

Ammo crew: 8 soldiers w/ rifles

Weapons maintainance: 1 soldier w/ pistol

Cooks: 2 soldiers w/ rifles

Echonomy ass. 1 soldier w/ rifle

Drivers: 2 soldiers w/ rifles and 2 x 1,5 ton trucks

HMG team: 3 soldiers w/ pistols

This listing is the status in 1945. Army units have a ( ) attatched, showing which naval unit who was administrative in charge. Follows the Norwegian coast from south to north.

ARTILLERY UNITS

Oslofjord area. Commanded by LXX Army Corps, commander General der Artillerie Tittel.

Artillery commanders: Territorialabscnitt Oslofjord: Generalmaj v.d Hoop, Seekommandant Oslofjord: Kpt. Z. See Schönberg, and Artilleriekommandeur Oslofjord: Oberstleutnant Sprockhoff (HKAR 980)

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE FREDRIKSTAD

Art.Gr. Fredrikstad, HKAA 980

Established in march 45 insted of former Art.U.Gr Rauöy. It consisted of 5 batteries:

HKB 6/980 Torgauten (593)

Had 4 x 10 cm K 17/04 guns with effective range 14 000 m. Originally established in Germany '41, and moved to Torgauten same year. One unit was added In sept '44, with 2 x 10,5 cm K 331 (f) guns, and palced at Mörvika.

HKB 7/980 Kjököen (589)

Had 4 x 10 cm K 17/04, range 15 000 m, and 2 x 8,8 cm FLAK (r), range 14 000 m. The 10 cm's were on place in may 41, and the 8,8's in april '43.

HKB 17/971 Dale

Had 4 x 15,5 cm sFH 414 (f), range 11 100 m. Former designation: batterie Kvalsund, moved to Dale in april '45.

Note: at Knatteröd Railwaystation was Railwayartillery-batterie 689 with 2 x 28 cm Bruno's. These were however not assigned to the Coastal Artillery.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE MAAKERöY

Artilleriegruppe Maakeröy

Art:Gr. Maakeröy, MAA 501. Originally "MAA Horten". Commander: Korv.Kpt Wegener.

HKB 8/980 Kongshavn (983-37/979)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K 331 (f) guns, range 11 000 m. Situated at Bolärne. Ready in june '44.

MKB 3/501 Bolärne

Had 4 x 15 cm L 50 Bofors, range 19 500 m.

MKB 4/501 Toraas

Had 4 x 15 cm L 50 Bofors, range 19 500 m.

MKB 6/501 Nötteröy

Had 3 x 38 cm KM 36/35 (f), range 42 000 m. Was ordered to Vardaasen in march '44. Not ready before the war ended.

MKB 2 / Marineersatzabteilung (5/501) Oscarsborg

Had 3 x 28 cm L 40. Range 20 000 m. (These guns, mounted in 1892, and manned by Norwegians shot Blücher to pieces)

MKB 2 had also: Torpedobatterie Kaholm with 3 torpedo launchers, used Norwegian 45 cm torpedoes & Alarmbatterie Horten with 3 x 10,5 cm K 332 (f) guns, range 16 000 m. Manned by personnell from HKAA I/980.

MKB 2/501 Rauöy

Had 4 x 15 cm SKL /45, range 16 000 m. Was also artillery school.

MKB 1/501 Dröbak

Had 3 x 15 cm L 47,5 Armstrong guns. Was transferred to Finland in connection with operation "Tanne" in june '44. (The occupation of the Finnish islands)

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE LARVIK

Artilleriegruppe Larvik

Art.Gr.Larvik, HKAA I/980 (HKAA 494) was formed in march '41 in ansbach, and was transferred tp Norway in april-may same year. Consisted of 6 batterys, commander: Maj Günther.

HKB I/980 Langesund (984)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K 332 (f) guns, range 16 000 m. Estanblished in april-may '41.

HKB 2/908 Nevlungshavn (887)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K 331 (f), range 16 000 m. And 2 x 8,8 cm FLAK (r), range 14 000 m. The latter arrived in march '43.

HKB 3/980 Rakke (888)

Had 4 x 12 cm K 370 (b), range 15 000 m. Was often used to educate crews.

HKB 4/980 Malmöen

Had 4 x 8,8 cm FLAK (r), range 14 000 m. Established in april '43.

HKB 5/980 Vesteröen (889)

Had 4 x 12 cm K 370 (b), range 15 000 m. Established in april '43.

Heeresküsten-Lehr-Batterie Stavern

Controlled by HKAA I/980. Had 2 x 15,5 cm sFH 414 (f) transferred from Batterie Kjeöya in january '43. Had also 4 x 8,38 cm British guns, range 6 000 m.

This unit was not for combat, just for school purposes.

Moving out of territorialabschnitt Oslofjord, and in to terr.abs.Stavanger. Occupied with units from I.D 274, commander Gen.Lt. Weckmann.

The naval commander in Kristiansand was Kpt.z.See Kiderlen, artillery commander was Oberst Lindner from HKAR 979. Attatched was 4 Art.Gr, and 2 Art.U.Gr

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE ARENDAL

Art.Gr.Arendal, HKAA III/979 (HKAA 497). Established in Taus/Olmütz in Austria in march '41, and sent to Norway . CO: Hauptmann di Pol.

HKB 33 / 979 Hisöen (979)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K 331 (f), range 16 000 m.

HKB 35 / 979 Risör (981)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K 332 (f), range 16 000 m.

HKB 36 / 979 Skaatöy (982)

Had 2 x 10,5 cm K 332 (f), range 16 000 m. Was supplied with 2 x 8,8 cm FLAK (r), range 14 000 m in april '43.

HKB 34 / 979 Flostaöen (17/981)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K 331 (f) guns, range 11 000. These replaced the original 4 x 10,5 cm K 332 (f) guns, which was transferred out of Norway in august '44.

HKB 37 / 979 Trolldalen (983)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K 332, range 16 000 m. Operational from may '41 - nov '43. The guns were sent to Horten, and the men to Bolärne.

ARTILLERIEUNTERGRUPPE LILLESAND

Art.U.Gr. Lillesand belonged to HKAA III/979.

HKB 32/979 Lillesand (978)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K 332 (f) guns, range 16 000 m. Originally named "Btt Grimstad"

HKB 31/979 Justöen (977)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K 332 (f) guns, range 16 000 m.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE KRISTIANSAND

Art.Gr.Kristiansand, MAA 502. CO: Korv.Kpt Gerhards. Established in april '40. At the end of the war renamed Art.Gr.Festung Kristiansand, and had 2 Art.U.Gr.

MKB 2/502 Kjaere

Had 3 x 15 cm L 47,5 Armstrong guns, range 12 000 m. Had also 1 x 15 cm SKL 45 gun designed for flare-grenades.

MKB 3/502 Flekkeröy

Had 2 x 21 cm St. Chamond guns, range 16 000 m. This guns came originally from Odderöya.

MKB 5/502 Odderöy

Had 4 x 24 cm heavy howitzers. Not manned until summer '42.

MKB 6/502 Vara

Had 3 x 38 cm SKC 34 guns, range 42 000 m. Got supplied by a FLAK unit from Luftwaffe (Batterie 303./III) with 4 x 8,8 cm Flak 37 guns, and a 15 cm SKL 45 gun located at Randöya (flare-grenades)

Batterie Randöen (1/502)

Had 3 x 15 cm L 47,5 Armstrongs, and 1 x SKL 45 15 cm gun for flare grenades.

Moved in june '44 during operation "Tanne". Only the SKL 45 remained, and got assigned to Btt Vara.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE MANDAL

Art.Gr.Mandal, HKAA II/979 (HKAA 493), formed in Ansbach in march '41, sent to Norway. CO was Maj. Lifka. Consisted of 3 batterys, but was totally reorganized after experiences from Normandy.

HKB 17/979 Ime (976)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K 332 (f) guns, range 16 000 m.

HKB 18/979 Landehovden (1/773-643)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K 331 (f) guns, range 12 000 m. Originally called Btt. Signalen.

HKB 19/979 Skadberg (519)

Had 4 x 15,5 cm K 416 (f) guns, range 17 000 m. Established in Mandal in march '41 with french guns as a replacement for Btt Mandal which was equipped with Norwegian 10,5 cm guns. Moved to Landehovde, in august '44 moved to Skadberg.

ARTILLERIEUNTERGRUPPE SöGNE

Art.U.Gr Sögne (under HKAA II/979)

HKB 20/979 Moen (973)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K 331 (f), range 16 000 m. Originally located at Aalo in '41, moved to Moen in aug '44.

HKB 21/979 Ny Hellesund (5/751)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K 331 (f), range 11 000 m. This unit got formed as an independent art. unit in Germany july '42, deployed to Norway in march '43.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE VANSE

Art.Gr. Vanse, HKAA III/978. Commander: Maj Clemens. Belonged originally to HKAR 979, nut in april 44 it was deployed to HKAR 978, and the batterys changed numbers. In februar 45 it was reassigned to HKAR 979, and had 6 batterys_

HKB 21/978 Hitteröy (1/979-975)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K 332 (f), range 16 000 m.

HKB 22/978 Varnes Fyr (2/979 - 3/447)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K 332 (f), range 16 000 m. Deployed to Norway from Braunschweig in august 1942.

HKB 23/978 Marka (512)

Had 6 x 15 cm K 16, range 22 000 m.

HKB 24/978 Lodshavn (516)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K 332 (f), range 16 000 m. Originally designed Batterie Farsund with 4 x 10,5 (N) guns.

HKB 25/978 Husvik (16/979 - 4/751)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K 331, range 16 000 m, and 2 x 8,8 cm FLAK (r).

MKB 5/503 Nordberg (4/502)

Had 3 x 15 cm Uto C 16 L /45, range 16 000 m. Deployed from Lista.

Moving from south to north, entering the area of Seekommandant Stavanger, Kpt.z.See Viehweger and Artilleriekommandeur Stavanger, HKAR 978, Oberst Kessler who had their hedquarters at Randaberg outside Stavanger.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE EGERSUND

Art.Gr.Egersund, HKAA II/978 (HKAA 492). Formed in Mannheim in march 41. CO: Major Beuschel.

HKB 18/978 Ogna (3/750)

Had 4 x 8,8 cm FLAK (r), range 15 000 m.

HKB 19/978 Tengsereid (954)

Had 4 x 21 cm Mrs.18, range 16 000 m.

HKB 20/978 Eigeröy (964)

Had 4 x 10 cm K 17/04, range 15 000 m. Was to change to 4 x 15 cm SKC/28, but because of the ending of the war, it never happened.

Had also a gun platoon at Midbröd with 2 x 12 cm L/40 Schneider guns, ready in january 43.

MKB 4/503 Egersund

Had 4 x 12,7 cm SKC/34, range 17 000 m. Originally a unit from the Army, Btt 907.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE STAVANGER-SüD

Art.Gr.Stavanger-Süd, HKAA I/978 (HKAA 444)

Formed in Hamburg in april 42. CO: Maj Laux, HQ: Malletuen.

HKB 8/978 Jederens Rev (962)

Had 4 x K 17/04 10 cm guns, range 15 000 m. Established may 1941.

HKB 9/978 Malletuen (4/516 MKB)

Had 4 x 21 cm K 39/40 guns, range 30 000 m. Guns moved from Engelöya in april 44, crew from HKB 5/977 Aspenes.

HKB 16/978 Obrestad Fyr (963)

Had 4 x 10 cm K 17/04, range 15 000 m. Built may 41, had also a 15 cm naval gun for flare shells belonging to the railwayartillery at Närbö.

HKB 17/978 Horr (974)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K 332 (f) guns, range 1941

MKB Vigdel (MKB v.d. Groeben)

Had 4 x 17 cm SKL 40 guns, range 19 000 m. During the building of this fortress in 1940, a temporary unit with 15 cm was in use at Hellestö. (later 10/504)

MKB 6/503 Närbö (MKB Lofoten)

Had 4 x 24 cm KM 93/96 railway guns, range 26 000 m. This battery was moved from Narvik in 44, and was used instead of a 28 cm army railway gun unit, which was deployed to Fredrikstad.

The 15 cm flare gun at HKB 16/978 belonged to Närbö.

ARTILLERIEUNTERGRUPPE STAVANGER HAFEN (Harbour)

Art.U.Gr. Stavanger Hafen was tactically commanded by HKB 6/978.

HKB 4/978 Finnöy (907)

Had 4 x 15 cm K 16 guns, range 22 000 m.

HKB 6/978 Tau (592)

Had 4 x 10 cm K 17/04 guns, range 15 000 m.

MKB I / 503 Stavanger

Had 3 x 10 cm SKL 40 M II Bofors guns, range 17 000 m. These guns came from the Norwegian vessel Aeger. A new unit, planned at Hundvaag w/ 4 x 12 cm L 44 M 1934 Boforses never got ready.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE KARMöY-SüD

Art.Gr. Karmöy-Süd, HKAA IV/978

Formed in july 44. CO: Hauptmann Schultze, HQ: Skudenes

HKB 1/978 Skudenes (993)

Had 6 x 15,5 cm K416 (f) guns, range 15 000 m. Formed in may 41.

HKB 2/978 Bokn (990)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K332 (f) guns, range 16 000 m. Formed in may 41.

HKB 3/978 Syre

Had 5 x 12,2 cm K 390/2 (r) guns, range 21 000 m. Combat ready in march 43. Also attatched to this unit was a gun platoon at Skudenes, with 2 x 12 cm L/40 turret guns.

HKB 67/977 Ferkingstad (13/751)

Had 4 x 14,5 cm K405 (f), range 17 000 m. Ready in nov 42.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE STAVANGER-NORD

Art.Gr.Stavanger Nord, MAA 503

Originally designed MAA Stavanger in April 40. CO: Kpt.z.See Böhme, HQ: Kvitsöy

HKB 5/978 Fjölöy

Had 3 x 21 cm Mrs 18 (heavy mortar), range 16 000 m. Originally designed for ground targets., and placed at Leanuden.

HKB 7/978 Randaberg (2/441)

Had 6 x 15,5 cm K416 (f), range 17 000 m. Formed in Stuttgart in march 42.

MKB 2/503 Kvittingsöy (MKB v.d. Köster/Baltic Sea)

Had 4 x 17 cm SKL/40, range 20 000 m. Ready in may 40.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE HAUGESUND

Art.Gr.Haugesund, HKAA V/977 (HKAA 490)

Formed in Mannheim in march 41. CO: Maj Säger

HKB 64/977 Skaaredal (952)

Had 3 x 21 cm Mrs 18 (heavy mortar). Ready in may 41, designed for ground targets.

HKB 65/977 Fiskaa Vann (12/751)

Had 4 x 14,5 cm K 405 (f), range 17 000 m. Originally designed HKB Aakrehamn.

HKB 66/977 Vikene (991)

Had 6 x 15,5 cm K416 (f), range 14 000 m. Ready in may 41. Had also a unit at Ytreland with 4 x 7,5 cm K236 (b), range 10 000 m.

HKB 68/977

Consisted of two platoons, "Storöy" and "Kvala". Each had 2 x 7,5 cm turret guns, range 10 000 m. Ready in dec 43.

MKB 10/504 Haugesund (MKB Bismarck)

Had 4 x 15 cm SKL/45, range 17 000 m. Originally placed at Hellestö, moved in oct 40. By the end of the war assigned to MAA 504 Bergen.

Moving from Stavanger, into the area of Bergen, commanded by I.D 280 (Gen.lt de Boer) In this area there was only one naval commander, but two HKAR. The naval commander was Kontraadmiral von Trotha who commanded HKAR 977, and CO Bergen was Oberstleutnant Riel who commanded HKAR 977.

ARTILLERIEUNTERGRUPPE BöMLAFJORD

Art.u.Gr Bömlafjord belonged to HKAA IV/977

HKB 61/977 Leirvik (6/750)

Had 4 x 8,8 cm FLAK (r), range 14 000 m. Formed in may 41 with 4 x 10,5 cm K332 (f), new guns in june 43.

HKB 62/977 Tittelsnes (970)

Had 4 x 8,8 cm FLAK (r), range 14 000 m. Established in may 41.

HKB 63/977 Nordheim (992)

Had 4 (6) x 15,5 cm K416 (f) guns, range 14 000 m. Formed in may 41 with 4 guns, were to have 2 more, but they remained at HKAA V/977 Haugesund.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE KORSFJORD

Art.Gr.Korsfjord, HKAA IV/977 (HKAA 491)

Formed in Darmstadt in march 41. HQ: Krokeide, CO: Maj Procher

HKB 46/977 Buaröy (987)

Had 4 x 8,8 cm FLAK (r), range 14 000 m. Formed in may 41, origianlly equipped with 4 x 10,5 cm K332.

HKB 47/977 Hetlefloten (585)

Had three 21 cm mortars M 18. Originally placed at Kroken in july 41 equipped with 22 cm polish mortars. Was manned with unit HKB 951, which was deployed to Finland. Btt 585 came from Selnes.

HKB 48/977 Rötingi (960)

Had 4 x 10 cm K17/04, range 15 000 m. Formed in may 41.

Torpedobatterie Ljones

Had 45 cm Norwegian torpedoes. Formed in april 40. Belonged to MAA 504.

HKB 49/977 Reksteren-Nord (988)

Had 5 x 10,5 cm K332 (f) and 2 x 8,8 cm (r) guns. Formed in may 41.

HKB 50/977 Reksteren-Süd (591)

Had 4 x 10 cm K17/04, range 15 000 m. Formed in may 41.

MKB 6/504 Korsnes

Had 4 x 15 cm L/50 Bofors, range 18 000 m. Ready in nov 40. Had also a platoon at Leröy with 2 x 6,5 cm L/43 (n) guns. At Leröy there also was a torpedo battery with 3 x 53 cm torpedo tubes. This belonged to MAA 504.

MKB 8/504 Selbjörnsfjord

Had 4 x 12,7 cm SKC 34 guns, range 17 000 m. Ready in july 43.

HKB 51/977 Innstrandi (971)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K332 (f). Redeployed in august 44.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE HJELTEFJORD

Art.Gr.Hjeltefjord, HKAA III/977 (HKAA 441)

Formed in Stuttgart mamrch 42. CO: Hauptmann Röhrig, HQ: Skurtveit

HKB 31/977 Bövaagen (11/751)

Had 4 x 14,5 cm K405 (f), range 17 000 m. Originally at Salhus w/ 2 guns, moved to Vaagenes/Herdla in jan 43.

HKB Forsö (15/751)

Had 4 x 15,5 cm K432 (b), range 13 000 m. Ready in nov 43.

HKB 33/977 Rossland (14/750)

Had 4 x 21 cm Mrs 18, range 16 000 m. Ready in nov 43.

Torpedobatterie Hjelte (sub-coordinated to MAA 504)

Had 3 x 53 cm torpedo tubes, ready in nov 44.

HKB 34/977 Gavlen (972)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K332(f). Ready in may 41.

HKB 35/977 Hönsnaö (4/447)

Had 4 x 8,8 cm FLAK (r). Formed in Braunschweig in march 42 with 4 x K332 guns, rearmed and ready in feb 43.

HKB 37/977 Ramsö (7/751)

Had 4 x 8,8 cm FLAK (r), range 14 000 m. Ready in nov 42.

HKB 38/977 Maröy-Nord

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K33(f), range 13 000 m. Crew from HKB 38/971.

MKB 5/504 Skjellanger

Had 3 x 15 cm L/50 Armstrong guns, range 19 000 m. Ready in sept 40.

ARTILLERIEOBERGRUPPE FöRDE

Art.Ob.Gr.Förde, HKAR 981

Commanded by HKAR 977. CO: Oblt Mohn, HQ: Förde

HKB 5/981 Floröy (6/977 - 2/288)

Had 6 x 15,5 cm K416 (f). Formed in Strassbourg in oct 41, ready in july 42.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE SOGNEFJORD

Art.Gr.Sognefjord, HKAA II/981 (II/977 - HKAA 495)

Formed in Wien in march 41. CO: Maj Müller, HQ: Nesje

HKB 11/981 Eidmin (16/977 - 5/750)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331 (f), range 12 000 m, and 2 x 8,8 cm FLAK (r). Ready in apr 43.

HKB 12/981 Furenes (17/977 - 2/447)

Had 4 x 8,8 cm FLAK (r), range 14 000 m. Formed in Braunschweig in march 42, ready in may 43.

HKB 13/981 Lammetun (18/077 - 645 - 3/773)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K332(f) guns, range 16 000 m. Formed in Landshut in july 41, ready in june 42.

HKB Naesje (19/977 - 590)

Had 4 x 10 cm 17/04, range 15 000 m.

Torpedobatterie Rutledal (MAA 504)

Had 2 x 45 cm torpedotubes (n).

HKB 16/981 Risenes (21/977 - 4/750)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K332(f), range 16 000 m, and 2 x 8,8 cm FLAK (r). Ready in sept 42.

MKB 7/504 Sognefjord

Had 4 x 12,7 cm SKC/34, range 17 000 m. Originally equipped w/ 3 x 12 cm L/44 Armstrong guns from the armoured vessel "Tordenskjold". Had an accident with these guns in june 41, where 14 men got killed. Ready in june 43.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE NORDFJORD

Art.Gr.Nordfjord, HKAA I/981 (I/977 - HKAA 505)

Formed in march 41 in Hamm. CO: Maj Quentin HQ: Angelshaug

HKB 2/981 Halsör (2/977-950)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f), range 11 000 m. Ready in june 41.

HKB 3/981 Vemelsvik (3/977-894)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f), range 11 000 m. Originally designed Batterie Kulen with 4 x 7,5 cm K234(b) guns in may 41. This unit was completely destroyed under the British/Norwegian commando attack in Maalöy, christmas 41. Ready (in new loccation) aug 42.

Torpedobatterie Angelshaug (MAA 504)

Had 2 x 45 cm torpedo tubes (n). Ready in may 40.

HKB 4/981 Skarsten (4/977 - 570)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K332(f), range 16 000 m. Originally placed at Berle, and later Naudstdal. Ready at Skarstein in may 43.

Had one platoon at Aspenes (5/977 - 895) with 3 x 7,5 cm K234(b). In 44 the crew was sent to Stavanger to mann a new 21 cm battery, crew from Skarsten manned Aspenes.

HKB 6/981 Blaali (7/977 - 644 - 2/773)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f) guns, range 11 000 m. Formed in Landshut in july 41. Orignally placed at Markersvik in 41, ready at Blaali in april 44.

MKB 9/504 Nordfjord

Had 1 x 13 cm L/55 M 1915, and two 13 cm L/50 M 1940 russian naval guns. (called "Nina"-guns)

This unit engaged British warships who attacked Maalöy during christmas 41, and one gun got destroyed. Got a replacement gun from Germany.

Had also a platoon at Kraakenes/Vaagsöy with 2 x 7,62 cm russian guns.

HKB Osmundvaag (1/977 - 14/751)

Had 4 x 1|5,5 cm K416(f) guns. Ready in nov 42, moved out of Norway in aug 44.

HKB 17/981 Klaevold

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331 (f) guns, range 12 000 m. Moved to Flostadöya in feb 45.

We are now entering the area of XXXIII army corps, CO: General der Kavallerie Köhler (Trondheim). Naval CO: Admiral der Norwegischen Küste Siemens.

First into Molde area, which was organized in 5 groups. Territorial-abschnitt Molde was commanded by Infanterie-division 295, CO: Gen.Lt Rhein, HQ: Dombaas. Naval CO: Kpt.z.See Wiarda, Army arillery CO: Oblt Hanauer. HQ (both): Molde

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE STADTLANDET

Art.gr. Stadtlandet, HKAA IV/976

Formed in july 44. CO: Hauptmann Bernemann, HQ: Kobbevik

HKB 35/976 Birkenes (3/751)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f) guns, range 12 000 m. Ready in dec 42.

HKB 36/976 Aaram (579)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f) guns, range 12 000 m. Ready in dec 42.

HKB 37/976 Kobbevik (569)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f) guns, range 12 000 m. Ready in june 41.

HKB 38/976 Eltevik (1/441)

Had 6 x 15,5 cm K416(f) guns, range 17 000 m. Originally placed at Gamlemshaug. Formed in Stuttgart in march 41.

In the area was also two units of Marine-FLAK: one at Ervik with 4 x 10,5 cm SKC/32 guns, the other was at Kvamsöy, and had 4 7,5 cm french guns.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE AALESUND

Art.Gr.Aalesund, HKAA III/976 (HKAA 285)

Formed in Ulm in sept 41. CO: Maj Miersch, HQ: Aalesund

HKB 23/976 Helland (1/447)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K332(f) guns, range 16 000 m. Formed in Braunschweig in march 42, ready in may 42.

HKB 30/976 Ellingsö

Had 4 x 8,8 cm FLAK (r) guns, range 14 000 m. Ready in may 43.

HKB 31/976 Björnöy (2/750)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f), range 12 000 m. Ready in sept 42.

HKB 32/976 Vigra (578)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f) guns, range 12 000 m. Ready in june 41.

HKB 33/976 Hessen (577)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f) guns, range 12 000 m. Ready in june 41.

HKB 34/976 Kvitnes (576)

Had 4 x 8,8 cm FLAK (r) guns, range 14 000 m. Ready in june 41, but had 4 x K331 guns until spring 43

MKB 2/505 Aalesund

Had 3 x 15 cm L/47,5 Armstong guns, range 13 000 m. These guns were moved from the norwegian battery at Gleodden.

Had one Luftwaffe FLAK unit attatched: Btt 304/III with 8,8 cm Flak 37 guns.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPEMöRE

Art.Gr.Möre, MAA 505

Formed in july 40. CO: Korv.kpt Meiche, HQ: Jul

HKB 16/976 Vevang (575)

Had 4 x 8,8 cm FLAK (r), range 14 000 m. Ready in june 41.

HKB 17/976 Bud (996)

Had 6 x 15,5 cm K416(f), range 17 000 m. Ready in june 41.

HKB 18/976 Gossen-süd (1/288)

Had 6 x 15,5 cm K425(f), range 12 000 m. Formed in Strassbourg in oct 41, ready in june 42.

HKB 24/976 Gossen-mitte

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f), range 12 000 m. Crew came from batterie 24/976 Tysse. The guns from Tysse were sent to Bodö. Purpose: protection of air-field at Gossen, ready in nov 43.

HKB 25/976 Gossen-nord

Had 4 x 8,8 cm FLAK (r), range 14 000 m.

MKB 1/505 Jul

Had 4 x 10,5 cm Uto C/16 L/45 guns, range 15 400 m. Guns came from the vessel "Albatross". Ready in july 40. Had also a anti-aircraft unit with 13 x 20 m.m guns, and 2 x 7,5 cm belgian guns.

Torpedobatterie Otteröy-Süd

Had 2 x 45 cm torpedo tubes (n), rearmed in july 44 with 2 x 52 cm german torpedo tubes.

Torpedobatterie Julholmen

Had 2 x 45 cm torpedo tubes (n), rearmed in june 44 with 2 x 52 cm german torpedo tubes.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE KRISTIANSUND

Art.gr.Kristiansund, HKAA I/976 (HKAA 486)

Formed in march 41 in Hamm. CO: Maj Bautz, HQ: Kristiansund

HKB 3/976 Kvalvik (9/751)

Had 4 x 12 cm K370(b), range 14 000 m. Ready in jan 43.

HKB 4/976 Nordlandet (572)

Had 4 x 8,8 cm FLAK (r), range 14 000 m. Ready in june 41 with 4 x 10,5 cm guns. These were sent to HKB 25/975 Hemme, and unit rearmed with the russian FLAK's.

HKB 6/976 Aarsund (573)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f) guns, range 12 000 m. Ready in june 41.

HKB 6/976 Innlandet (574)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f) guns, range 12 000 m. Ready in june 41.

Torpedobatterie Nordlandet

Had 4 x 53 cm torpedo tubes (h). Ready in dec 44.

MKB 3/505 Kristiansund-Nord

Had 3 x 15 cm Uto C/16 L/45 guns, range 15 000 m, Ready in sept 40. In may 42, this battery was reeinforced with a Luftwaffe FLAK unit (305/III) with 4 x 8,8 cm Flak 37's.

HKB 7/976 Surendal

Had 4 x 15,5 cm sFH 414 (f) guns. Ready in sept 43, redeployed and sent out of Norway in aug 44.

Leaving territorialabschnitt Molde, and entering territorialabschnitt Trondheim. (german: Drontheim)

CO: Gen.Lt Klepp, I.D 702. Naval CO: Seekommandant Drontheim, Kpt.z.See Berger, and army artillery CO: Maj Neizert. (HKAR 975) HKAR 837 was deployed from Finnmark, and got re-named HKAR 975, while the original HKAR 975 got assigned to I.D 702 as A.R 702.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE DRONTHEIM-WEST

Art.Gr.Drontheim-West, HKAA II/975 (HKAA 485)

Formed in Hamm in march 41. CO: Hauptmann Hufnagel, HQ: Hemnskjel

HKB 21/975 Hevnskjöl-Süd (958)

Had 6 x 21 cm Mrs(t) mortars, range 10 000 m. Ready in may 41 w/ 3 mortars, the other 3 came in may 43 from 17/975 Selnes.

HKB 22/975 Melland-West (558)

Had 4 x 15 cm K16 guns, range 22 000 m. Originally at Fröya.

HKB 23/975 Hevskjöl-Nord (998)

Had 4 x 15,5 cm K416(f), range 15 000 m. Ready in may 41.

HKB 27/975 Melland-Ost (1/976-947)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f) guns, range 12 000 m. Ready in april 44.

HKB 6/976 Hemnefjord

Had 4 x 15,5 cm sFH414(f), range 11 100 m.

Landeabwehrzug Lian

Had 2 x 15,5 cm sFH414(f), range 11 100 m.

Landeabwehrzug Vinjefjord

Had 4 x 7,5 cm guns (b). Originally designed HKB 26/975 Vinjefjord w/ 4 x 7,65 cm FK(ö).

Sub-coordinated HKB 21/975.

HKB 24/975 Snilfjord

Had 4 x 7,65 cm FK(ö). Ready in dec 42, redeployed in 43, crew deployed to HKB 30/976 Ellingsöy.

HKB 25/975 Hemnesfjord (8/750)

Had 4 x 7,65 cm FK(ö). Sent out of Norway in aug 44.

HKB 26/975 Vinjefjord (7/750)

Had 4 x 7,65 cm FK(ö). Ready in dec 42. In aug 44 reduced to platoon (zug). Named 26/975 Langörjan for a short while.

HKB 20/975 Leksan (997)

Had 4 x 15.5 cm K416(f), range 15 000 m. Ready in june 41, sent out of Norway in sept 44.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE öRLANDET

Art.Gr.örlandet, MAA 507.

Formed in aug 40. CO: Freg.Kpt Slickers, HQ: Lörberen

HKB 16/975 Hovde (2/751)

Had 5 x 10,5 cm K335(h), range 12 000 m. Ready in nov 42, but did not get ammunition until feb 43.

HKB 19/975 Storfosen (1/285)

Had 6 x 15 cm K403(j) guns, range 23 000 m. Formed in Ulm in sept 41, ready in summer 42.

HKB 18/975 Hoö (946)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f) guns, range 12 000 m. Ready in june 41.

MKB 1/507 Husöen (MKB Goeben)

Had 3 x 28 cm SKL/45, range 34 600 m. Had also 2 x 15 cm flare guns. Got a Luftwaffe FLAK unit in 42, 306/III.

MKB 4/507 örlandet (6/506)

Had a triple-barrel gun turrett from battleship Gneisenau, 3 x 28 cm SKC/34, range 38 000 m. Ready in july 43.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE DRONTHEIM-OST

Art.Gr.Drontheim-ost, MAA 506.

Originally designed MAA Drontheim in apr 40. CO: Freg.Kpt Schaper, HQ: Brettingen

MKB 1/506 Brettingen

Consisted of two batterys, one with 2 x 21 cm L/45 Armstrong guns, range 10 000 m, used by the Norwegian coastal artillery from 1900. The other had 4 x SKC/28 guns, range 22 000 m. Ready on Christmas eve 42.

MKB 2/506 Hysnes

Consisted of two batterys, one had 2 x (ex-norwegian) 21 cm L/45 Armstrong guns, range 10 000 m. The other had 2 (ex-norwegian) x 15 cm L/47,5 Armstrongs, range 15 000 m. During operation "Tanne" one of these guns was sent out of Norway.

MKB 3/506 Lökhaug (MKB Memel - Süd/Baltic Sea)

Had 4 x 15 cm SKL/45, range 16 000 m. Ready in sept 40.

Torpedobatterie Hasselvik

Established in april 40 w/ the rear topedo tube (4 x 53 cm) from vessel "Paul Jacobi".

Torpedobatterie Hammbaara

Established in april 40 w/ the rear topedo tube (4 x 53 cm) from vessel "Theodor Riedl".

MKB 5/506 Stördal

Had 3 x 10 cm SKC/32, range 15 000 m. Ready in june 43.

MKB 4/506 Hambaara

Had 3 x 12 cm L/44 Armstrong guns, range 10 000 m. Ready in feb 43.

HKB 17/975 Selnes (956)

Formed in june 41, redeployed in may 43. Guns moved to 21/975 Hevnskjöl, crew to Btt Gossen-nord.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE NAMSOS

Art.Gr.Namsos (HKAA 489)

Formed in Mannheim in march 41. CO: Hauptmann Benzel, HQ: Namsos

HKB 2/975 Utvorden-süd (3/441)

Had 6 x 15,5 cm K416(f) guns, range 16 000 m. Formed in Stuttgart in march 42, ready in june 42, In oct 44 two guns exploded during exercise shooting, 1 dead and 6 wounded.

HKB 3/975 Statland (567)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f) guns, range 11 000 m. Ready in june 41.

HKB 4/975 Bökken (941)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f) guns, range 11 000 m. Originally divided in two platoons (1941) at Ramsvik and Aakervik. Ready in sept 44, had Landeabwehrzug Ramsvik w/ 4 x 12 cm L/20 howitzers.

HKB 5/975 Maerranes (3/367)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f) guns, range 11 000 m. Originally designed "Batterie Bock" in may 40. Ready in july 41.

HKB 6/975 Klinga (587)

Had 3 x 21 cm Mrs 18, range 16 000 m. Originally armed with 3 x 22 cm Polish mortars, re-armed in may 42. Had also a unit "Landeabwehrzug Selnes" w/ 2 x 10,5 cm K337(n) guns.

HKB 8/975 Hoddöen (9/974)

Had 5 x 15,5 cm K416(f) guns, range 17 000 m. Transferred from Glomfjord in aug 44.

HKB 7/975 Utvorden-Nord (10/974)

Had 5 x 10,5 cm K331(f) guns, range 12 000 m. Transferred from Glomfjord oct 44. Because of wrong construction, these guns couldn't be use against moving targets.

Torpedobatterie Ledgangsholm (MAA 506)

Had 4 x 53 torpedo tubes(h). Ready in sept 44.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE VIKNA

Art.Gr.Vikna, MAA 500

Formed in april 45 from two batterys / MAA 507. CO: Korv.kpt Beckert, HQ: Vikna

HKB 1/975 Rörvik (893)

Had 4 x 7,5 cm K236(b), range 8000 m. Ready in june 41.

MKB 1/500 Viken-Reipholmen (2/507)

Had 4 x 12,7 cm SKC/34, range 17 000 m. Ready in sept 40.

MKB 2/500 Strömöy (3/507)

Had 2 x 12 cm L/44 Armstrong guns, range 17 000 m. Ready in sept 40.

Between Rörvik and Brönnöysund there were no naval defense units. The border between territorialabschnitt Drontheim, and territorialabschnitt Mo was in this area, terr.abs. Mo was lead by Gen.Lt Richter from 14.Luftwaffe-Feld-Division. In Sandnessjöen was Seekommandant Sandnessjöen, CO: Kpt.z.See Freiherr von Lamezan, and army artillery CO: Maj Steinbach from HKAR 974.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE BRöNNöYSUND

Art.Gr.Brönnöysund, HKAA III/974 (HKAA 442)

Formed in Landsberg/Lech in march 42. CO: Maj Bauersachs

HKB 31/974 Ulvingen (12/750)

Had 6 x 15,5 cm K416(b), range 17 000 m. Ready in dec 42.

HKB 32/974 Brönnöysund-nord (995)

Had 4 x 15,5 cm K416(b), range 17 000 m. Ready in june 41.

HKB 33/974 Brönnöysund-süd (892)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f), range 12 000 m. Ready in june 41.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE SANDNESSJöEN

Art.Gr.Sandnessjöen, HKAA II/974 (HKAA 487)

Formed in Landsberg/Lech in march 41. CO: Maj Schoknecht, HQ: Sandnessjöen

HKB 16/974 Grönsviken (11/750)

Had 4 x 15,5 cm K416(b), range 17 000 m. Ready in dec 42.

HKB 17/974 Sjona (891)

Had 4 x 7,5 cm K235(b), range 8 000 m. Ready in june 41.

HKB 18/974 Purkneset (927)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f), range 12 000 m. Ready in june 41.

HKB 19/974 Nesna (943)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f), range 12 000 m. Ready in dec 41.

HKB 20/974 Dönnes (1/751)

Had 4 x 15,5 cm K416(b), range 17 000 m. Ready nov 42.

HKB Fagerviken (568)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f), range 12 000 m. Ready in june 41.

HKB 22/974 Lund (942)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f), range 12 000 m. Ready in june 41.

MKB 1/510 Sandnessjöen

Had 4 x 12,7 cm SKC/34, range 17 000 m. Originally armed with 3 x 12 cm Armstrong's from the armoured ships "Tordenskjold" and "Harald Haarfagre".

MKB 2/510 Mosjöen

Had 4 x 12 cm L/44 Armstrong guns, range 10 000 m. These guns came from "Tordenskjold" and "Harald Haarfagre". Ready in sept 40.

MKB 3/510 Mo

Had 4 x 10,5 cm SKL/45 C/06 guns, range 14 000 m. Ready in sept 40.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE BODö

Art.Gr.Bodö, MAA 510.

Formed in aug 40. CO: Korv.Kpt Müller, HQ: Bodö

HKB 4/974 Straumöy-süd (586)

Had 3 x 21 cm Mrs 18, range 16 000 m. Originally placed at Reitan with 3 x polish 22 cm mortars in june 41, moved and re-armed to Straumöy in june 43.

HKB 5/974 Straumöy-nord (1/750)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f), range 12 000 m. Ready in sept 42.

HKB 7/974 Stött (10/750)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K335(h), range 16 000 m. Ready in feb 43.

MKB 4/510 Hammerviken/Bodö

Had 3 x 10,5 cm SKL/45 C/12 guns, range 13 000 m. Ready in sept 40.

HKB 6/974 Hernes/Bodö (994)

Had 6 x 15,5 cm K416(f), range 16 000 m. Ready in june 41.

MKB 5/510 Brömsneset

Had 4 x 15 cm Uto C16 L/45, range 16 000 m. Ready in oct 40.

MKB 6/510 Arnöy

Had 4 x 15 cm Uto C16 L/45, range 16 000 m. Formed during "Nordverstärkung" in dec 41, ready in june 42.

HKB Naeverdal (2/285)

Had 5 x 15,5 cm K416(f), range 17 000 m. Moved in july 44, new designation: Hoddöya, Namsenfjord.

HKB 10/974 Vassdalsvik (565)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f), range 12 000 m. Ready in june 41, moved to Namsenfjord in oct 44.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE FOLDA

Art.Gr.Folda, HKAA I/974 (HKAA 488)

Formed in Landsberg in march 41. CO: Hauptmann Laubmelen, HQ: Eidet/Kjaerringöy (from apr 45: Fauske)

HKB 1/974 Laukvik (3/285)

Had 6 x 15,5 cm K416(f), range 17 000 m. Ready in may 42.

HKB 2/974 Eidet (556)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f), range 12 000 m. Ready in june 41.

HKB 8/974 Sörfold (890)

Had 4 x 8,8 cm Flak 37, range 16 000 m, and 6 x 7,5 cm K236(b), range 10 000 m. The FLAK guns belonged to 9.btt/A.R 14 (Luftwaffe)

HKB 7/971 Taarnvik

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f), range 12 000 m. Originally placed at Billefjord in Finnmark, evacuated during the Soviet invasion. Ready in april 45.

HKB 1/971 Sommernes

Had 6 x 14,5 cm K405(f), range 18 500 m. Ready in march 45, but only with one operational cannon.

Now we are entering the area of the utterly north army corps, the LXII. The territory was re-named Armee-Abteilung-Narvik, CO: General der Gebirgstruppen Jodl. The LXII corps CO was Gen.lt Freiherr von Mauchenheim. Gen. Bechtolsheim at Setermoen had the command of a small part of this area. The navy CO was Admiral der Norwegischen Polarküste, Adm. Machens. HQ: Finnsnes

First territorialabscnitt Drag, commanded by I.D 230, CO: Gen.maj Pamberg. Seekommandant Narvik,: Kpt.z-See Schulze-Hinrichs, army artillery CO: Oberst Achenbach. (both HQ: Narvik) He commanded Kommandant Vestfjord, and Art.ob.gr Lödingen, MAR 30. CO: Kapt.z.See Babel. HQ: Lödingen

ARTILLERIEOBERGRUPPE LöDINGEN

Art.ob.gr Lödingen, MAR 30.

Formed in Harstad, Norway in apr 44. Moved to Lödingen winter 44, and controlled all MAA's and Marine-Flak units in the area. It consisted of three artillery groups:

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE VESTFJORD

Art. Gr.Vestfjord, MAA 516.

Ready in aug 42. CO: Korv.kpt Rettinghaus, HQ: Engelöy

MKB 1/516 Skraaven

Had 4 x 15 cm Uto C/16 L/45 guns, range 16 000 m. Ready in oct 40. This battery destroyed the norwegian civil steamer "Vestvaagöy" in feb 41.

MKB 4/516 Dietl

Had 3 x 40,6 cm SKC/34 guns, range 56 000 m. Ready in aug 43.

MKB 5/516 Stranden

Had 4 x 15 cm SKC/28 guns, range 22 000 m. Ready in aug 43.

MKB 7/516 Vaag

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f) guns, range 12 000 m. Equipment came from MKB 5/514. Never operational.

MKB 8/516 Gjervik

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f) guns, range 12 000 m. Equipment came from HKB 3/478. Never 100% operational.

During the building of the 40,6 cm batterie Dietl, there was a battery for protection: MKB Engelöy II, with 3 x 21 cm K39/40, range 30 000 m. Ready in dec 42, moved to Stavanger in feb 44.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE KORSNES

Art.gr.Korsnes, HKAA V/973

CO: Hauptmann Kaldenberg, HQ: Storjord

HKB 61/973 Tysnes (944)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f) guns, range 12 000 m. Ready in july 41.

HKB 62/973 Korsnes (898)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f) guns, range 12 000 m. Ready in may 41.

HKB 63/973 Sörkil (899)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f) guns, range 12 000 m. Ready in may 41.

HKB 64/973 Innhavet (945)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f) guns, range 12 000 m. Ready in june 41.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE OFOTFJORD

Art.gr.Ofotfjord

Commanded by MKB 3/516 Lödingen.

MKB 2/516 Tjeldöy

Had 4 x 15 cm SKL/40 C/97, range 16 000 m. Ready in nov 44.

MKB 3/516 Lödingen

Had 4 x 30,5 cm L/30 Bofors guns, range 19 000 m. Had also a 15 cm flare gun. Ready in may 42. At the end of the war, it was reinforced with 4 x 8,8 cm Flak 37 from MKB 4/513 Vardö.

MKB 6/516

Was the name of two torpedo batterys, one at Porsöy, the other at Korshamn. Had 1 x 52 cm twin tubes for german Gv7 torpedoes. Replaced in sept 44 with triple tubes for G7N torpedoes.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE NARVIK

Art.gr.Narvik, HKAA III/973

CO: Maj Külby, HQ: Framnes

HKB 31/973 Evenestangen (583)

Had 3 x 21 cm Mrs 18 guns, range 16 000 m. Ready in june 41.

HKB 32/973 Tjelneset (584)

Had 3 x 21 cm Mrs 18 guns, range 16 000 m. Ready in june 41.

HKB 33/973 öyjordneset (932)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f), range 12 000 m. Originally a army artillery unit, deployed to coastal defence in june 41.

HKB 34/973 Rombakken (878)

Had 6 x 15,5 cm sFH414(f) guns, range 11 000 m. Ready in june 41.

HKB 35/973 Saltvikneset (561)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f), range 12 000 m. Ready in june 41.

HKB 36/973 Framnes (MKB 3/511)

Had 4 x 12 cm L/44 Armstrong guns, from norwegian armoured vessels. Ready in sept 40.

HKB 37/973 Ramnes (24/972)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f), range 12 000 m. Not 100 % operational at the end of the war.

MKB 2/516 Ramstad

Part of battery 2/516 Tjeldöy. Had 2 x 10,5 cm guns, range 7 000 m. These were ex-Norwegian, and originally placed there in 1916.

We are now entering a new terriotorialabschnitt, "Lofoten", commanded by I.D 210, CO: Gen.lt Ebeling, HQ: Harstad. To command the many fortresses in Lofoted, the Germans formed "Kommandant Seegebiet Westlofoten", CO: Kpt.z.See Spörel, HQ: Svolvär.

Many units were evaccuated from Finnmark due to the Soviet invasion.

ARTILLERIEOBERGRUPPE WESTLOFOTEN

Art.ob.gr.Westlofoten, HKAR 971

CO: Oblt Reinmuth, HQ: Svolvär

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE MOSKENES

Art.gr.Moskenes

Commanded by 5/514 in Reine

MKB 5/514 Reine

Had 6 x 15,5 cm K416(f), range 15 000 m. Never 100% operational, the guns never arrived from Harstad.

MKB 2/514 Onilsöen

Had 4 x 17 cm SKL/40, evaccuated from Finnmark. Never operational.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE FLAKSTAD

Art.gr.Flakstad, HKAA III/971

CO: Maj Gädke, HQ: Gravdal

HKB 5/448 Liland

Had 3 x 21 cm Mrs 18, range 16 000 m. Ready in the end of 44.

HKB 2/971 Skjelfjord

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f), range 12 000 m. Ready in jan 45.

HKB 5/971 Hauge

Had 4 x 15,5 cm sFH414(f), range 11 000 m. Ready in jan 45

HKB 32/971 Jusholmen

Had 4 x 15,5 cm K418(f), range 11 000 m. Ready in jan 45.

HKB 36/971 Ramberg

Had 4 x 15,5 cm sFH414(f), range 11 000 m. Ready in feb 45.

HKB 4/480 Buksnes

Had 6 x 15,5 cm K416(f), range 17 000 m. Ready in nov 44.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE VESTVAAGöY

Art.gr.Vestvaagöy, MAA 514

CO: Kapt.lt. Golletz, HQ: Stamsund

HKB 3/971 Stamsund

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f), range 12 000 m. Deployed from Stallogargo in jan 45.

MKB 1/514 Lyngvär

Had 3 x 13 cm L/55(r), range 16 000 m. Never operational.

MKB 4/514 Risholmen.

Had 3 x 13 cm L/55(r), range 16 000 m. Ready in jan 45.

MKB 6/514 Henningsvär

Had 3 x 13 cm L/55(r), range 16 000 m. Ready in dec 44.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE SVOLVäR

Art.gr.Svolvär, HKAA IV/973

CO: Hauptmann Stähler, HQ: Svolvär

HKB 47/973 Kjäröen (877)

Had 6 x 15,5 cm K425(f), range 12 000 m. Ready in june 41.

Zug IV/973 Svolvär

Had 2 x 9,4 cm FLAK(e), range 14 000 m. Ready in 40.

HKB 48/973 Kabelvaag

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f), range 12 000 m. Ready in june 41.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE HADSEL

Art.gr.Hadsel, HKAA 1/971

CO: Maj Dengler, HQ: Melbu

HKB 46/973 Melbu (3/706)

Had 6 x 15,5 cm K416(f), range 11 000 m. Ready in june 41.

HKB 49/973 Stokmarksnes (967)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K332(f), range 11 000 m. Ready in june 41.

HKB 16/971 Strönstad

Had 6 x 15,5 cm K425(f), range 14 000 m. Ready in jan 45.

We are leaving the area of Seekommandant Narvik, and enter the area of Seekommandant Harstad, Kpt.z.See Holtdorf. Army artillery CO: Oberstleutnant Drescher, HKAR 983. HQ: Harstad

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE GAVLFJORD

Art.gr.Gavlsfjord, HKAA 480

CO: Hauptmann Ewald, HQ: Aaknes

HKB 1/480 Holm

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f), range 12 000 m.Ready in 44.

HKB 4/448 Mele

Had 4 x 15,5 cm K416(f) guns, range 17 000 m. Ready in nov 44.

HKB 34/971 Aaknes

Had 6 x 15,5 cm K425(f), range 14 000 m.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE HARSTAD

Art.gr.Harstad, HKAA II/971

CO: Hauptmann Stobbe, HQ: Harstad

HKB 5/983 Sollia I (6/973 - 596)

Had 4 x 15,5 cm sFH414(f), range 11 000 m. Ready at Stornes in june 41, moved to Sollia in apr 44 for ground protection.

HKB 6/983 Sollia II (7/973 - 599)

Had 4 x 15,5 cm sFH414(f), range 11 000 m. Ready at Breivik in june 41, moved to Sollia in apr 44 for ground protection.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE ANDSFJORD

Art.gr.Andsfjord, HKAA II/983

CO: Hautmann Baumgartner, HQ: Bremnes

HKB 12/983 Grötavär (18/973 - 883)

Had 4 x 15,5 cm K418(f), range 18 000 m. Ready in june 41.

HKB 13/983 Grötavär (19/973 - 882)

Had 4 x 15,5 cm K418(f), range 18 000 m. Ready in june 41.

HKB 14/983 Bremnes (20/973 - 598)

Had 4 x 14,5 cm K405(f), range 20 000 m. Ready in june 41.

HKB 15/983 Aspenes (21/973 - 597)

Had 6 x 15,5 cm sFH414(f), range 11 000 m. Ready in june 41.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE VAAGSFJORD

Art.gr.Vaagsfjord, MAA 511

CO: Freg.kpt Krämer, HQ: Ringeberget

MKB 1/511 Harstad-nord

Had 3 x 17 cm SKL/40 guns, range 19 000 m. Ready autumn 42.

MKB 2/511 Harstad-süd

Had 3 x 10,5 cm SKL/45 C/06, range 14 000 m. Ready in oct 40.

MKB 3/511 Bjarköy (11/893 - 17/973 - 884)

Had 4 x 15,5 cm K418(f) guns, range 18 000 m. Ready in june 41.

MKB 5/511 Trondenes

Had 4 x 40,6 cmm SKC/34, range 56 000 m. Ready summer 43.

MKB 6/511 Skrolsvik

Had 4 x 15 cm SKC/28 guns, range 22 000 m. Reay in aug 43.

MKB 7/511 Andsfjord

Had 3 x 21 cm K39/40, range 30 000 m. Originally designed "Trondenes II" in oct 42, ready in feb 43.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE SALANGEN

Art.gr.Salangen, HKAA 1/983

Had 4 x 15,5 cm K425(f) guns, range 12 000 m. Ready in june 41, CO: Maj Klingenhardt.

HKB 1/983 Haagenes (2/973-966)

Had 4 x 15,5 cm K425(f), range 12 000 m. Ready in june 41.

HKB 2/983 Engenes (3/973-965)

Had 6 x 15 cm K403(j), range 23 000 m. Ready in june 41.

HKB 3/983 Rolla (4/973-544)

Had 3 x 21 cm Mrs 18, range 16 000 m. Ready in june 41.

Next area is Territorialabschnitt Tromsö, CO: Gen.lt Brabänder, I.D 270. HQ: Storsteinnes. Naval CO: Seekommandant Tromsö, Kpt.z.See Krüger, army: Artillriekommandeur Tromsö, HKAR 972, Oberst Demuth. HQ: Tromsö.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE SENJA

Art.gr.Senja, HKAA II/972

CO: Hauptmann Eggers, HQ: Finnnes

HKB 19/972 Brensholmen (551)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f), range 12 000 m. Ready in june 41.

HKB 20/972 Ansnes (1/444)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K332(f), range 12 000 m. Formed in Hamburg apr 42, ready in june 42.

HKB 21/972 Rödberghamn (552)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f), range 12 000 m. Ready in june 41.

HKB 23/972 Grunnreisa (876)

Had 4 x 15,5 cm sFH414(f) guns, range 11 000 m. Ready in june 41.

HKB 2/480 Austein

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f), range 12 000 m. Ready late 44.

MKB 4/512 Varden

Never ready. Planned with 3 x 15 cm Uto C/16 L/45 guns.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE BALSFJORD

Art.gr.Balsfjord, HKAA IV/971

CO: Hauptmann Hebsaker, HQ: Nordberg

HKB 16/972 Henrikvik (2/444)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K332(f), range 12 000 m. Formed in Hamburg in apr 42, ready in june 42.

HKB 17/972 Tomasjordnes (582)

Had 3 x 21 cm Mrs 18, range 16 000 m. Ready in june 41.

HKB 18/972 Nordberg (581)

Had 3 x 21 cm Mrs 18, range 16 000 m. Ready in june 41.

HKB 37/971 Ersfjord

Had 4 x 15,5 cm sFH414(f), range 11 000 . Ready in feb 45.

MKB 1/512 Tromsö

Had 4 x 10,5 cm SKL/45 C/06 guns, range 14 000 m. Ready in nov 40.

HKB 999 (independent battery)

Had 4 x 12 cm L/17(n). Deployed from Kirkenes spring 45.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE TROMSö

Art.gr.Tromsö

CO: Maj Schwirzer, HQ: Vaagsnes

HKB 8/972 Vaagsnes (595)

Had 4 x 15,5 cm sFH414(f) guns, range 11 000 m. Ready in june 41.

HKB 18/971 Hansneset

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f) guns, range 12 000 m. Ready in nov 44.

MKB 2/512 Grötsund

Had 4 x 10,5 cm SKC/32. Originally manned by the Army w/ 3 x 9,4 cm Wickers flak(e). Ready in apr 41.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE ULLSFJORD

Art.gr.Ullsfjord, MAA 512

Formed in oct 40. CO: Korv.Kpt Schultz, HQ: Karlsöy

HKB 6/972 Russelv (3/442)

Had 6 x 14,5 cm K405(f) guns, range 18 000 m. Formed in Landsberg march 42, ready in apr 42.

HKB 7/972 Lattervik (559)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f), range 12 000 m. Ready in june 41.

HKB 8/971 Langsund

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K332(f) guns, range 16 000 m. Ready in nov 44.

HKB 35/971 Vandsund

Had 4 x 15,5 cm K416(f), range 17 000 m. Ready in nov 44.

HKB 3/480 Lenangen

Had 6 x 14,5 cm K405(f), range 18 000 m. Ready in dec 44.

HKB 5/480 Nordeidet

Had 6 x 14,5 cm K405(f), range 18 000 m. Ready in dec 44.

MKB 5/512 Karlsöy

Had 4 x 15 cm SKC/28 guns, twin mounted, range 22 000 m. Ready in jan 45.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE VARTö

Art.gr.Vartö, HKAA 448

CO: Maj Uschmann, HQ: Seljevik

HKB 1/972 Lyngen

Had 6 x 14,5 cm K405(f), range 18 000 m. Ready in dec 44.

HKB 4/972 Langli (874)

Had 4 x 15,5 cm sFH414(f) guns, range 11 000 m. Ready in june 41.

HKB 5/972 Aaröyholmen (4/444)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f) guns, range 12 000 m. Originally planned at Skagen, but moved to Aarhöyholmen after request from I.D 270. Ready in june 42.

HKB 4/971 Seljevik (Varö)

Had 4 x 15,5 cm sFH 41(f) guns, range 11 000 m. Ready in nov 44.

HKB 31/971 Rottenvik

Had 4 x 15,5 cm K418(f) guns, range 18 500 m. Ready in jan 45.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE NORDREISA

Art.gr.Nordreisa, HKAA 1/972

CO: Maj Böttner, HQ: Skjervöy

HKB 2/972 Skjervöy (896)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f) guns, range 12 000 m. Ready in june 41, redeployed in april 45.

HKB 2/972 Falvik (886)

Had 4 x 15,5 cm K418(f) guns, range 19 000 m. Ready in june 41, redeployed 1/5-45.

HKB 33/971 Kaagsund

Had 6 x 14,5 cm K405(f), range 18 000 m. Ready in jan 45, redeployed 30/4-45.

Next area belonged to Seekommandant Hammerfest and Artilleriekommandeur Hammerfest, HKAR 971.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE öKSFJORD

Art.gr.öksfjord, HKAA III/971

Formed in Hamm in march 41, originally designed HKAA 484.

HKB 32/971 öksfjord (880)

Had 4 x 15,5 cm K418(f), range 19 000 m. Ready in june 41. Evaccuated to Jusholmen dec 44.

HKB 33/971 Gammelvär (2/442)

Had 5 x 14,5 cm K405(f), range 19 000 m. Formed in Landsberg in march 42, ready in aug 42. Evaccuated to Skjervöy dec 44.

HKB 34/971 Hasvik (4/441)

Had 6 x 15,5 cm K425(f), range 14 000 m. Formed in Stuttgart in march 42, ready in apr 42. Evaccuated to Aaknes dec 44.

HKB 35/971 Loppa (553)

Had 4 x 15,5 cm K416(f), range 17 000 m. Ready in jan 42, evaccuated to Karlsöy dec 44.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE ALTA

Art.gr.Alta, MAA 514.

Formed in march 42.

HKB 36/971 Storeng (872)

Had 4 x 15,5 cm sFH414(f) guns, range 11 000 m. Ready in june 41, evaccuated to Ramberg jan 45.

HKB 37/971 Nordströmmen (871)

Had 4 x 15,5 cm sFH414(f) guns, range 11 000 m. Ready in july 41, evaccuated to Ersfjord jan 45.

MKB 3/514 Store Korsnes I (HKB 31/971-879)

Had 4 x 15,5 cm K418(f) guns, range 17 000 m. Ready in july 41, evaccuated in 44.

MKB 4/514 Alta

Mad 3 x 13 cm L/55(r), range 16 000 m. Ready in apr 41, evaccuated to Rishaugen dec 44.

MKB 6/514 Store-Korsnes II

Had 4 x 15 cm SKC/28 guns, twin mounted, range 23 000 m. Ready in apr 41, evaccuated to Karlsöy dec 44.

MKB 7/514 Voldstrand

Had 4 x 10,5 cm SKC/31, range 14 000 m. Ready in feb 44, redesigned MKB 7/503 and redeployed to South Norway in apr 45.

HKB 38/971 Rakkenes (870)

Had 4 x 15,5 cm sFH414(f) guns, range 11 000 m. Ready in july 44, redeployed sept 43.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE HAMMERFEST

Art.gr.Hammerfest, HKAA II/971

Formed in feb 43

HKB 3/971 Stallogargo (560)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f), range 12 000 m. Ready in july 41, evaccuated in dec 44.

HKB 16/971 Revsneset (933)

Had 6 x 15,5 cm K425(f), range 14 000 m. Ready in jan 41, redeployed in apr 43.

HKB 17/971 Kvalsund (594)

Had 4 x 15,5 cm sFH414(f), range 11 000 m. Ready in july 41, evaccuated in dec 44.

HKB 18/971 Melköen (550)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f), range 12 000 m. Ready in july 41, evaccuated in dec 44.

HKB 19/971 Skippernes (549)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f), range 12 000 m. Ready in july 41, evaccuated in dec 44.

MKB 1/514 Hammerfest

Had 3 x 13 cm L55 (r), range 12 000 m. Ready in may 41, evaccuated in dec 44.

MKB 5/514 Fuglenes (Rosmaalen)

Had 4 x 10 cm L/40 M I, range 10 000 m. Guns came from nowegian vessel "Fröya".Ready in aug 43, evaccuated in jan 45.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE KISTRAND

Art.gr.Kistrand, HKAA 1/971

Formed in Güstrow in jan 41, originally designed HKAA 479.

HKB 4/971 Bratholmen (868)

Had 4 x 15,5 cm sFH414(f), range 11 000 m. Ready in july 41, evaccuated dec 44.

HKB 5/971 Börselvnes (873)

Had 4 x 15,5 cm sFH414(f), range 11 000 m. Ready in july 41, evaccuated nov 44.

HKB 5/971 Kistrand (930)

Had 4 x 15,5 cm sFH414(f), range 11 000 m. Ready in oct 40, evaccuated dec 44.

HKB 7/971 Billefjord (8/751)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f), range 12 000 m. Ready in may 43, evaccuated dec 44.

HKB 31/971 Porsanger (MKB 3/514)

Had 3 x 13 cm L/55(r), range 16 000 m. Rewady in may 41, evaccuated dec 44.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE NORDKAPP

Art.gr.Nordkapp, HKAA IV/971

Formed in april 44.

HKB 1/971 Svaerholtklubben (4/448)

Had 6 x K405(f), range 19 000 m. Ready in may 41, evaccuated in nov 44.

HKB 2/971 Honningsvaag (897)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f), range 12 000 m. Ready in july 41, evaccuated in nov 44.

HKB 8/971 Nordmannset (16/973)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K332(f), range 16 000 m. Ready in sept 41, evaccuaded in nov 44.

MKB 2/514 Nordkapp

Had 4 x 17 cm SKL/40 guns, range 20 000 m. Formed in dec 42 as a part of "Nordverstärkung". Evaccuated in dec 44.

Moving out of AOK Norwegen, and in to (Geb)AOK 20, formerly AOK Lappland. It is the XIX (Geb) Armeekorps that controls Norwegian and Finnish coastal areas.

The norwegian coast is commanded by I.D 210. In Kirkenes was Seekommandant Kirkenes and Artilleriekommandeur Kirkenes, HKAR 837.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE UNTERABSCNITT TANAFJORD

Art.gr.unterabschnitt Tanafjord, HKAA 480

Formed in Frankfurt an der Oder in jan 41. HQ: Tana

HKB 1/480 Tana (Smalfjordnes)(563)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f) guns, range 12 000 m. Ready in july 41, evaccuated in dec 44.

HKB 2/480 Losvik (558)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f) guns, range 12 000 m. Ready in april 41, evaccuated in dec 44.

This unit came to Norway as two platoons, for the use of Gebirgs-Korps-Norwegen in Finland. Originally placed at Petsamo Fjord and Liinahamari.

HKB 3/480 Berlevaag (3/448)

Had 6 x 14,5 cm K405(f) guns, range 19 000 m. Formed in Nürnberg in april 42, ready in may 42. Evaccuated in dec 44.

HKB 5/480 Gamvik

Had 6 x 14,5 cm K405(f) guns, range 19 000 m. Ready in jan 42, evaccuated in oct 44.

HKB 5/480 Mehavn (1/442)

Had 4 x 14,5 cm K405(f) guns, range 19 000 m. Formed in Landsberg / Lech in march 42, ready in april 42. Evaccuated in oct 44.

MKB 1/513 Tana

Had 3 x 13 cm L/55(r). Originally designed 3/513, ready in april 41. Fortress blown up by the Germans during the evaccuation in 44.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE UNTERABSCHNITT EISMEER

Art.gr.unterabschnitt Eismeer, HKAA 448.

Formed in Nürnberg april 4. HQ: Baatsfjord

HKB 2/448 Makkaur (2/448)

Had 5 x 14,5 cm K405(F) guns, range 19 000 m. Ready in june 42. Blown up by the Germans in 44.

HKB 3/448 Havningberg (1/448)

Had 5 x 14,5 cm K405(F) guns, range 19 000 m. Ready in june 42, blown up by the Germans in 44.

HKB 4/448 Kongsfjord (1/706)

Had 5 x 15,5 cm K416(F) guns, range 19 000 m. Formed in Nürnberg in nov 41, ready in dec 41, evaccuated in oct 44.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE UNTERABSCHNITT VARDö - KIBERG

Art.gr.Unterabschnitt Vardö-Kiberg, MAA 513

Formed in sept 40.

HKB 1/448 Vardö-Renösund (564)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f) guns, range 12 000 m. Formed in july 41, blown up in oct 44.

HKB 5/448 Vardö-Bussesund (542)

Had 3 x 21 cm Mrs 18 guns, range 16 000 m. Ready in june 41, evaccuated in oct 44.

MKB 3/513 Kiberg

Had 3 x 28 cm SKL/45 guns, range 34 000 m. Ready in june 41 as a part of "Nordverstärkung". Originally designed btt 8/513. Was in combat with advancing Soviet ground based forces, blown up in oct 44.

MKB 4/513 Vardö

Had 4 x 8,8 cm FLAK 37, range 14 000 m. Ready in may 41, evaccuated to MKB 3/516 in oct 44.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE UNTERABSCNITT NORDVARANGER

Art.gr.Unterabschnitt Nordvaranger, MKB 2/513

HQ: Vadsö

HKB 3/478 Kvalneset (547)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f) guns, range 12 000 m. Ready in june 41, originally placed at Kjelmöya. Evaccuated in oct 44.

MKB 2/513 Vadsö-Kiby

Had 3 x 13 cm L/55(r) guns, range 16 000 m. Ready in oct 40, blown up in oct 44.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE UNTERABSCHNITT SüDVARANGER

Art.gr.Unterabschnitt Südvaranger, HKAA 478.

Formed in Nürnberg apr 42, HQ: Mestersand

HKB 1/478 Buholmen (931)

Had 4 x 7,5 cm K(n) guns. Ready in aug 41, blown up in oct 44.

HKB 2/478 Bugöen (545)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f) guns, range 12 000 m. Ready in june 41, blown up in oct 44.

HKB 4/478 Bökfjord Fyr (548)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f) guns, range 12 000 m. Ready in june 41, blown up in oct 44.

HKB 6/478 Guldsmedvika (541)

Had 4 x 10,5 cm K331(f) guns, range 12 000 m. Originally designed Btt Oksebaasneset. Evaccuated in oct 44, but the ship it was sent with, got torpedoed.

MKB 3/517 Kirkenes (1/513)

Had 3 x 15 cm Uto c/16 L/45, range 16 000 m. Ready in oct 40, evaccuated in oct 44.

MKB 4/517 Mestersand (7/513)

Had 4 x 24 cm SKL/40 guns, range 26 000 m. Ready in dec 41 as a part of "Nordverstärkung". Participated in the battle against advancing Soviet forces, blown up in oct 44.

The Germans started the building of a Torpedo unit at Bökfjord. This never got ready.

Moving out of ID 210's area, and into Divisions-Gruppe Rossi in Petsamo.

ARTILLERIEGRUPPE UNTERABSCHNITT FINLAND

Art.gr.Unterabschnitt Finland, MAA 517

Formed in Kirkenes in july 43. HQ: Nurmensätti

HKB 1/773 Ristiniemmi (885)

Had 4 x 15,5 cm K418(f) guns, range 19 000 m. Ready in july 41. Attacked by Soviet forces, and blown up by own crew in oct 44.

HKB 2/773 Liinahamari (454)

Had 2 x 21 cm K39/40, range 30 000 m. Ready in aug 43. Attacked by Soviet forces, and blown up by own crew in oct 44.

MKB 1/517 Kap Romanov (6/513) (MKB Brommy, Memel-Ostsee)

Had 4 x 15 cm SKC/28 guns in twin mounts, range 22 000 m. Ready in dec 41 as a part of "Nordverstärkung". Ususally called "Batterie Sensenhauser" after it's commander, oberleutnant Sensenhauser. This unit was, like the others in this area, frequently engaged in artillery duels with Soviet Coastal artillery units. Attacked by Soviet ground forces in oct 44, blown up by own crew.

MKB 2/517 Petsamo (5/513)

Had 4 x 15 cm SKL/40 C/97, range 16 000 m, and 2 x 15 cm SKC/28 in a twin turrett, range 23 000 m. Ready in oct 41. Used to shell the Soviet airfield at Pumanki. Attacked by Soviet forces, and blown up by own crew.

North-west of Liinahamari the Germans planned to build a 30,5 cm battery called "Suomi". It never got operational.

Torpedobatterie Siebruniemi

All fortifications ready, weapons never arrived

Some of the Heeres-Küten-Batterien never got used for coastal warfare, but were deployed to Gebirgs-Korps-Norwegen.

These were: HKB 546, 580, 869, 562 and 543.