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Research on the German Armed Forces 1918-1945
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Organization of the Kriegsmarine


Commander-in-Chief of the German Navy
(Chef der Marineleitung 1920-1935)
(Oberbefehlshaber der Kriegsmarine 1935-1945)

  • Grossadmiral Erich Raeder 9.24.28-1.30.43
  • Grossadmiral Karl Dönitz 1.30.43-5.1.45
  • Generaladmiral Hans-Georg von Friedeburg 5.1.45-5.23.45
  • Generaladmiral Walter Warzecha 5.23.45-7.22.45

Chief of Naval General Staff
(Chef der Marinkommandoamtes 1919-1937)
(Chef der Stabes der Seekriegsleitung 1937-1945)

  • Admiral Dr. Otto Groos 9.28.31-9.28.34
  • Admiral Günther Guse 9.29.34-10.31.38
  • Generaladmiral Otto Schniewing 10.31.38-6.13.41
  • Admiral Kurt Fricke 6.13.41-2.20.43
  • Admiral Wilhelm Meisel 2.20.43-7.22.45

Chief of Naval Operations
(Chef der Flottenabteilung 1919-1936)
(Chef der Operationsabteilung 1936-1945)

Flottenchef
  • Admiral Walter Gladisch 9.30.31-9.22.33
  • Admiral Richard Foerster 9.22.33-12.21.36
  • Generaladmiral Rolf Carls 12.31.36-11.1.38
  • Generaladmiral Hermann Boehm 11.1.38-10.20.39
  • Generaladmiral Wilhelm Marschall 10.20.39-3.11.40
  • Admiral Günther Lütjens 3.11.40-4.23.40
  • Generaladmiral Wilhelm Marschall 4.23.40-6.18.40
  • Admiral Günther Lütjens 6.18.40-5.27.41
  • Vizeadmiral Leopold Siemens 5.27.41-6.12.41
  • Generaladmiral Otto Schniewind 6.12.41-7.31.44
  • Vizeadmiral Wilhelm Meendsen-Bohlken 7.31.44-5.23.45

Baltic Fleet
Marineoberkommando Nord
  • Generaladmiral Rolf Carls 9.21.40-3.2.43
  • Generaladmiral Otto Schniewind 3.2.43-7.30.44

Marineoberkommando Nordsee
  • Admiral Erich Förste 6.22.43-7.10.45

Marineoberkommando Norwegen
Marineoberkommando Ost/Ostsee
  • Generaladmiral Konrad Albrecht 11.1.38-10.30.39
  • Generaladmiral Rolf Karls 10.31.39-9.20.40
  • Admiral Hubert Schmundt 6.22.43-3.1.44
  • Generaladmiral Oskar Kummetz 3.1.44-7.23.45

Marineoberkommando Süd
  • Admiral Karlgeorg Schuster 6.31.41-12.??.41
  • Generaladmiral Wilhelm Marschall 12.??.41-3.??.42
  • Admiral Karlgeorg Schuster 3.??.42-3.21.43
  • Admiral Kurt Fricke 3.21.43-12.11.44
  • ?? 12.11.44-1.1.45
  • Vizeadmiral Werner Löwisch 1/1/45-5/2/45

Marineoberkommando West
Admiral Commanding, Adriatic
  • Vizeadmiral Joachim Lietzmann 9.10.43-7.4.44
  • Vizeadmiral Werner Löwisch 7.4.44-7.16.44
  • Vizeadmiral Joachim Lietzmann 7.16.44-12.7.44

Admiral Commanding, Aegean
  • Vizeadmiral Hans-Hubertus von Stosch 7.1.41-9.26.41
    ?? 9/26/41-2/23/43
  • Vizeadmiral Werner Lange 2.23.43-11.28.44

Admiral Commanding, Atlantic Coast
  • Vizeadmiral Ernst Schirlitz 3.1.43-5.9.45

Admiral Commanding, Baltic
  • Generaladmiral Conrad Albrecht 1.1.32-11.1.38
  • Generaladmiral Rolf Carls 11.1.38-1.3.39
  • Vizeadmiral Friedrich Götting 1.3.39-2.15.39
  • Generaladmiral Rolf Karls 2.15.39-5.15.39
  • Admiral G¨nther Guse 5.15.39-5.27.39
  • Generaladmiral Rolf Karls 5.27.39-2.16.40
  • Admiral G¨nther Guse 2.16.40-4.10.42
  • Generaladmiral Wilhelm Marschall 4.10.42-5/2/42
  • Admiral G¨nther Guse 5.2.42-3.8.43
  • Admiral Hubert Schmundt 3.9.43-6.21.43

Redesignated as Marineoberkommando Ostsee 6.22.43
Admiral Commanding, East Baltic
  • Admiral Theodor Burchardi 6.17.44-4.18.45
  • Vizeadmiral August Thiele 4.28.45-6.22.45

Admiral Commanding, West Baltic
  • Vizeadmiral Werner Lange 11.29.44-3.30.45
  • Konteradmiral Günther Schubert 3.30.45-7.22.45

Admiral Commanding, Belgium/Netherlands
  • Vizeadmiral Lothar von Arnauld de la Periere 5.20.40-6.18.40
  • Konteradmiral Helmuth Kienast 6.18.40-7.1.42
  • Vizeadmiral Kurt Caesar Hoffmann 7.1.42-3.4.43
  • Vizeadmiral Gustav Kleikamp 3.4.43-12.31.44
  • Vizeadmiral Rudolf Stange 12.31.44-6.9.45

Admiral Commanding, Black Sea
  • Admiral Friedrich-Wilhelm Fleischer 7.1.41-5.2.42
    ?? 5.2.42-5.15.42
  • Admiral Hans-Dietrich Wurmbach 5.15.42-9.15.42
  • Vizeadmiral Hellmuth Heye 9.15.42-11.10.42
  • Vizeadmiral Robert Witthoeft-Emden 11.10.42-2.28.43
  • Vizeadmiral Gustav Kieseeritzky 2.28.43-11.19.43
  • ?? 11.19.43-11.22.43
  • Vizeadmiral Hellmuth Brinkmann 11.22.43-11.9.44

Admiral Commanding, Channel Coast
  • Admiral Friedrich-Wilhelm Fleischer 7.26.40-2.19.41
  • Admiral Hermann von Fischel 2.19.41-2.10.43
  • Vizeadmiral Friedrich Rieve 2.10.43-9.8.44

Admiral Commanding, Denmark
  • Admiral Raul Mewis 6.1.40-3.18.43
  • Admiral Hans-Dietrch Wurmbach 3.1.8.43-5.8.45

Admiral Commanding, East Asia
  • Admiral Paul Wenneker 3.21.40-5.8.45

Admiral Commanding, France
  • Admiral Karlgeorg Schutzer 6.22.41-3.1.41
  • Generaladmiral Otto Schultze 3.1.41-8.12.42
  • Generaladmiral Wilhelm Marschall 8.12.42-11.30.42

Admiral Commanding, French South Coast
  • Konteradmiral Adalbert Zuckschwerdt 6.26.43-8.31.43
  • Vizeadmiral Paul Wever 9.2.43-8.11.44
  • Vizeadmiral Ernst Scheurlen 8.13.44-9.6.44

Admiral Commanding, Heligoland Bight
  • Vizeadmiral Ernst Scheurlen
  • Konteradmiral Rolf Johannesson
  • Vizeadmiral Gustav Kleikamp

Admiral Commanding, North Sea
  • Admiral Richard Foerster
  • Admiral Otto Feige
  • Admiral Richard Foerster
  • Generaladmiral Otto Schultze
  • Generaladmiral Hermann Boehm
  • Generaladmiral Alfred Saalwächter
  • Generaladmiral Otto Schultze
  • Admiral Hermann Densch
  • Admiral Erich Förste

Redisgnated Marineoberkommando Nordsee
Admiral Commanding, Northern Waters
  • Admiral Hubert Schmundt
  • Vizeadmiral August Thiele
  • Konteradmiral Otto Klüber
  • Konteradmiral Rudolf Peters

Admiral Commanding, Norway
  • Generaladmiral Hermann Boehm

Redesignated Marineoberkommando Norwegen
Admiral Commanding, Norwegian North Coast
  • Vizeadmiral August Thiele
  • Vizeadmiral Leopold Siemens
  • Vizeadmiral Walter Krastel
  • Vizeadmiral Leopold Siemens
  • Vizeadmiral Erich Schultze Mönting

Admiral Commanding, Norwegian Polar Coast
  • Vizeadmiral Otto Schenk
  • Vizeadmiral Walter Krastel
  • Vizeadmiral Otto Schenk
  • Vizeadmiral Heinz Nordmann

Admiral Commanding, Norwegian South Coast
  • Vizeadmiral Otto Schenk

Admiral Commanding, Norwegian West Coast
  • Admiral Otto von Schrader

Admiral Commanding, Polar Coast
  • Vizeadmiral Bruno Machens

Admiral Commanding, West
  • Admiral Karl-Georg Schuster

Flag Officer, Battleships
Flag Officer, Cruisers
  • Generaladmiral Oskar Kummetz
  • Admiral Hubert Schmundt

Flag Officer, Destroyers
  • Kommodore Friedrich Bonte
  • Konteradmiral Erich Bey
  • Vizeadmiral Leo Kreisch
  • Konteradmiral Max-Eckart Wolff
  • Kapitän zur See Alfred Schemmel

Flag Officer, Submarines
  • Grossadmiral Karl Dönitz
  • Generaladmiral Hans-Georg con Friedeburg
  • Konteradmiral Eberhard Godt

Flag Officer, Torpedo Boats
  • Admiral Kurt Fricke
  • Generaladmiral Oskar Kummetz
  • Admiral Günther Lütjents
  • Kommodore Friedrich Bonte
  • Konteradmiral Hans con Bütow
  • Kommodore Rudolf Petersen

Flag Officer, Minesweepers
  • Konteradmiral Kurt Ramien
  • Vizeadmiral Friedrich Ruge

Flag Officer, Reconnaissance Forces
  • Vizeadmiral Hans Kolbe
  • Generaladmiral Hermann Boehm
  • Admiral Hermann Densch
  • Admiral Günther Lütjens

Flag Officer, Naval Security Forces
  • Konteradmiral Ernst Lucht

Flag Officer, Midget Weapons
  • Vizeadmiral Helmuth Heye