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German Armed Forces Research 1918-1945
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5.Fallschirm-Jäger-Division


Lineage

  • 5.Fallschirm-Jäger-Division

Campaigns

  • Western Front 1944-1945

History

Formed 3.02.44 in Reims (ordered 11.05.43). The division was formed from the Fallschirm-Jäger-Lehr-Bataillon, III./FJR.3 and III./FJR.4, and a large number of new recuits.

In May 1944 the division moved to Rennes (6.06.44 HQ at Rennes, reserve under AOK.7). The division was not ready for combat on D-Day, and only FJR.15 was transferred to the frontline. As the regiment only had its II. Battalion ready, a new I./FJR.15 was formed from I./FJR.13 (ex. III./FJR.3) and a new III./FJR.15 from I./FJR.14 (ex. III./FJR.4). The FJR.15 operated together with the 17.SS-Panzer-Grenadier-Division. Most of the division was severly decimated in the fighting in Normandy during July 1944. The remnants fought on during August 1944. The Division received new recruits in September 1944 and was partly reformed from parts of Flieger-Regimenter 22, 51 and 53. Fallschirm-Granatwerfer-Bataillon 5 and Stab, I./FAR.5 was transferred to the 7.Fallschirm-Jäer-Division.

In October 1944 the division was rebuilt in the Den Haag-Amsterdam area (ordered 9.24.44 to 11.01.44). A new Fallschirm-Granatwerfer-Bataillon 5 was added in November 1944, together with a new FAR.5. Luftwaffen-Festungs-Bataillon XXV was absorbed on 2.20.45, and the division was ordered to refit 3.15.45 by OB. West.

Most of the division surrendered at Nürnburgring in 3.45, while the rest surrendered in the Ruhr-pocket and at Harz.

Organization

General Composition
Fallschirm-Jäger-Regiment 13
Fallschirm-Jäger-Regiment 14
Fallschirm-Jäger-Regiment 15
Fallschirm-Panzer-Jäger-Abteilung 5
Fallschirm-Artillerie-Regiment 5
Fallschirm-Flak-Abteilung 5
Fallschirm-Pionier-Bataillon 5
Fallschirm-Luftnachrichten-Abteilung 5
Fallschirm-Sanitäts-Bataillon 5

Added later were the following units:

Fallschirm-Granatwerfer-Bataillon 5
Fallschirm-Feldersatz-Bataillon 5

Commanders

GenLt. Gustav Wilke 4.01.44 - 10.15.44
GenMaj. Sebastian Ludwig Heilmann 10.15.44 - 3.12.45
Oberst Kurt Gröschke 3.12.45 - 4.45

War Service

Date Higher HQ Location
4.44 Heeresgruppe D forming in Reims
5.44 II.FsAK / AOK.7 forming in Reims
6.44 reserve / AOK.7 Bretagne
7.44 LXXXXIV.AK / AOK.7 St. Malo, Avranches, Mortain
8.44 II. FsAK / AOK.7 Argentan, Alencon
9.44 LXXX.AK / AOK.1 Trier
10.44 - 12.44 OKW Forming in Den Haag
1.45 LIII.AK / AOK.7 Battle of the Bulge (Bitburg, Donkholz,
Martelange)
2.45 - 3.45 LXVI.AK / Pz.AOK.5 Eifel, Prüm
4.45 Ruhr-pocket