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416.Infanterie-Division

Lineage


  • 416.Infanterie-Division

Campaigns


  • Denmark 1942-1944
  • Western Front 1944-1945

History


The 416.Infanterie-Division was formed on December 20th, 1941 specifically for use as an occupation unit in Denmark. From 1942 until the time it was transfered to the Western Front it in 1944 the Division served as a Danish occupation unit, taking part in the construction of coastal fortifications and defenses all along the Danish coast in places like Silkeborg, Kolding, Viborg, Varde, Esbjerg, Aalborg, Thisted, Hurup, Holstebro, Frederikshavn, and Vem. The Division also took part in extensive coastal security duties while stationed in this region, although no action against the Allies ever took place on the ground in Denmark. Training also occupied the Division while it was stationed here.

On October 4th, 1944, the 416.Infanterie-Division was transfered to the Western Front to Metz in the Mosel-Saar region where it fought the Western Allies. On March 3rd, 1945 the Division made a fighting withdrawl in the region of Reimsbach, Schmelz and Tholey-Sotzweiler south of St. Wendel. Later it moved through the region north of Kaiserlautern. During this fighting withdrawl to the Rhine River the Division was exhausted and nearly destroyed. The remains of the Division were formed into "Kampfgruppe 416.Infanterie-Division" which was overcome and finally taken by the Americans near Traunstein in the closing days of WWII.

Organization


Order of Battle
Grenadier-Regiment 712
Grenadier-Regiment 713
Grenadier-Regiment 774
Artillerie-Regiment 416
Divisions-Füsilier-Kompanie 416
Panzerjäger-Abteilung 416
Pionier-Bataillon 416
Nachrichten-Abteiliung 416
Sanitäts-Abteilung 416
Feldersatz-Bataillon 416

Knights Cross Holders



War Service


Dates Korps Armee Armeegrupp Area
1.42-12.43 Kdr. der d. Truppen in Dänemark Aalborg
1.44-9.44 Wehrm.Befh. Dänemark Aalborg
10.44-3.45 LXXXII 1. Armee G Saarpfalz
4.45 LXXXII 7. Armee G Hunsrück, Rhein

Bibliography


  • Die deutschen Infanterie-Divisonen, Band 1-3, by Werner Haupt
  • Die deutsche Feldpostübersicht 1939-1945, Band 1-3, by Nobert Kannapin
  • Die Pflege der Tradition der alten Armee in Reichsheer und im der Wehrmacht, by Schirmer/Wiener
  • Die Truppenkennzeichen... der deutchen Wehrmacht u. Waffen-SS, Band 1-4, by Schmitz/Thies
  • Der Zweite Weltkrieg im Kartenbild, Band 1-3, by Klaus-Jurgen Thies
  • Deutsche Verbände und Truppen 1918-1939, by George Tessin
  • Verbände und Truppen der deutchen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS..., Band 1-14, by Georg Tessin
  • Formationsgeschichte und Stellenbesetzung 1815-1939, Teil 1, der deutschen Heer, Band 1-3, by Günter Wegner
  • Die Deutsche Wehrmacht u. Waffen-SS, Ihre Kommando. u. Grossverbände... im Zweiten Weltkrieg, author unknown
  • Das Reichsheer und Seine Tradition, author unknown
  • Deutsche Rote Kreuz Suchdienst, Divisionsschicksale, author unknown
  • Reforging the Iron Cross, The Search for Tradition..., by Donald Abenheim
  • The German Infantry Handbook 1939-1945, by Alex Buchner
  • German Army Order of Battle: The Replacement Army 1939-1945, by Victor Madej
  • German Army Order of Battle: Field Army and Officer Corps 1939-1945, by Victor Madej
  • Hitler's Legions, by Samuel Mitcham
  • German Order of Battle World War II, Vol I, by George Nafziger
  • German Order of Battle 1944, author unknown