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WW2 German 2nd Gebirgsjager Division


History


Formed: April 1st, 1938
Mobilized: August 26th, 1939
Wehrkries: XVIII
Home Station: Innsbruck
Fate: Largely destroyed in Southern Germany, with portions surrendering to the Americans
Division composed of:

1,3 Abteilung, 136th Gebirgsjager Regiment
1,2,3 Abteilung, 137th Gebirgsjager Regiment
2 Abteilung, 140th Gebirgsjager Regiment
2,3 Abteilung, 111th Gebirgs Artillerie Regiment
1 Abteilung, 113th Gebirgs Artillerie Regiment
11th Reconnaissance Abteilung
47th Panzerabwehr Abteilung
82nd Gebirgs Pioneer Abteilung
67th Signals Abteilung
67th Divisional support units

The Division later had the 1 Abteilung, 140th Gebirgsjager Regiment removed and formed into the 2 Abteiling, 136th Gebirgsjager Regiment and the 1 Abteilung, 113th Gebirgs Artillerie Regiment removed and formed into the 1 Abteilung, 111th Gebirgs Artillerie Regiment. The 47th Panzerjager Abteilung was replaced by the 55th Panzerjager and the 111th Reconnaissance Abteilung was replaced by the 67th Bicycle Abteilung whcich itself would soon become the 67th Reconnaissance Abteilung. Late in the war, the 1 Abteilung, 111th Gebirgs Artillerie Regiment was transfered and the 4th heavy Abteilung was put in its place.

Campaigns


After Austria was formed as a part of the German Reich, many Austrian Alpine units were amalgamated into the Heer Gebirgsjager formations. The 2nd Gebirgsjager Division was formed in 1938 from the former 6th Austrian Mountain Division units, along with a number of German Gebirgsjager troops.

In September, 1939 the Division fought as part of Army Group South in Southern Poland and took part in the march to capture the Polish city of Lemberg.

After the Campaign in Poland, the Division was transfered to Germany where it was assigned a role in the Air, Land and Sea invasion of Norway in May of 1940. The Division took part in actions in central Norway, being transported by sea to ports along the Norwegian central coast, and then in operations attempting to link up with units of the 3rd Gebirgsjager Division holding the Northern port of Narvik. When the Allies retreated from Norway and the county capitulated to Germany, the Division was put on occupation duties in Norway, and then in service with the forces in the Lappland area of the far north. The Division served in the far north until 1944 when the German forces moved back into Norway.

In December, 1944 the Division was sent to Denmark, and after resting and regrouping, was posted to fight on the Western Front. Late in the War, the 2nd Gebirgsjager Division was sent to fight in Southern Germany where it was destroyed, with portions surrendering to the Americans.

Division Locations / Schematische Kriegsgliederung



Date Corps Army Army Group Area
9.39 arriving - Süd Poland
12.39 - 1.40 reserve 16. Armee A Niederrhein
4.40 - 8.40 XXI - - Norway
9.40 - 12.40 Gebirgskorps Norwegen (XXI) - - Norway
1.41 - 12.41 Gebirgskorps Norwegen Armee Norwegen - Norway, Lappland
1.42 Gebirgskorps Norwegen Armee Norwegen - Lappland
2.42 - 6.42 Gebirgskorps Norwegen Armee Lappland - Lappland
7.42 - 11.42 Gebirgskorps Norwegen 20. Gebirgsarmee - Lappland
12.42 - 10.44 XIX 20. Gebirgsarmee - Lappland
11.44 XXXVI 20. Gebirgsarmee - Norway
12.44 XIX 20. Gebirgsarmee - Norway
1.45 Wehrmachtsbefehlshaber Dänemark - - Denmark*
2.45 reserve 1. Armee G Saarpfalz
3.45 LXXXII 1. Armee G Hunsrück
4.45 XIII 1. Armee G South Germany (Württemberg, Tirol)

* refreshing. Left Norway 9.1.45 and arrived in Heeresgruppe G on 9.2.45.