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21.Infanterie-Division

Unit Emblems


21.Infanterie-Division Emblem    21.Infanterie-Division Emblem  

Lineage


  • Wehrgauleitung Elbing
  • Kommandant von Elbing
  • 21.Infanterie-Division

Mobilized


  • Part of standing Army in 1939, 1st mobilization wave

Campaigns


  • Poland 1939
  • Western Campaign 1940
  • Eastern Front 1941-1945

History


This unit was formed in October 1934 in Elbing. It was originally known as Wehrgauleitung Elbing*.

Shortly after the unit was established it was given the cover name Kommandant von Elbing**.

The organic regimental units of this division were formed by the expansion of the 3.(Preußisches) Infanterie-Regiment of the 1.Division of the Reichswehr.

With the formal announcement of the creation of the Wehrmacht (which had covertly been in place for over a year) on October 15th, 1935, the cover name Kommandant von Elbing was dropped and this unit became offically known as the 21.Infanterie-Division.

* In 1934 the German armed forces were still known as the Reichswehr and the restrictions of the treaty of Versallies were technically still in place. These restrictions limited the number of German divisions to 7 but almost from the start in 1921 there were plans to expand that number. Shortly after the NSDAP came to power in 1933 the number of divisions was indeed expanded from 7 to 21. The Reichswehr divisions didn't transition over during the reforming and expansion period, they were used instead to help provide a basis for the newly forming units. The commanders of the 7 divisions of the Reichswehr also served as the head of a regional Wehrkreiskommando of the same number as the division, thus serving a duel role. During the transition period the Reichswehr Wehrkreiskommandos were upgraded into Korp formations and the commanders were transfered to serve as their new commanding officers. Through this move the staff of each of the Reichswehr divisional units was lost making it unwieldy to transfer entire divisions into the newly forming Wehrmacht. From here the first step in the expansion from 7 to 21 divisions was the formation of 3 Wehrgauleitung in each region previously controlled by the Reichswehr divisions,creating 21 Wehrgauleitungen (7x3=21). Each Wehrgauleitung was named according to the city it was housed in. The 21 Wehrgauleitungen were the true foundation for the first divisions of the Wehrmacht. The regimental units of the former 7 divisions were shifted about and used to form the organic units of the new divisions.

** The german armed forces expanded from 7 divisions to 21 in 1934. In an effort to hide the expansion for as long as possible, all new divisions were given cover names. The cover names given to each of the 21 new divisions corresponded to the title of the commander placed in charge of the unit in most cases. As there was an Infantry and Artillery commander in each of the 7 divisions of the Reichswehr (known as Infanteriefüher I-VII and Artilleriefüher I-VII, depending on the number of the division in question) they took command of 14 of the newly formed divisions (2x7=14). When the various Infantry and Artillery commanders took command, their new divisions existance was hidden by the use his previous title as the cover name for the unit. The remaining 7 new divisions not commanded by one of the previous Infantry or Artillery commanders were taken over by newly appointed commanders and given cover names such as Kommandant von Ulm, or Kommandant von Regensburg.

Organization


General oob
Infanterie-Regiment 3
Infanterie-Regiment 24
Infanterie-Regiment 45
Artillerie-Regiment 21
I./Artillerie-Regiment 57
Aufklärungs-Abteilung 21
Panzerjäger-Abteilung 21
Pionier-Bataillon 21
Nachrichten-Abteilung 21

Knights Cross Holders



War Service


Dates Korps Armee Armeegrupp Area
9.39 XXI 3. Armee Nord East Prussia, Poland
10.39 Reserve - Nord Poland
11.39 - 2.40 III 12. Armee A Eifel
3.40 - 5.40 XVIII 12. Armee A Eifel, Luxembourg, Aisne
6.40 XIII 12. Armee A Aisne, Marne, Saone
7.40 XXXIII 12. Armee C France
8.40 XXVII 12. Armee C France
9.40 - 4.41 I 18. Armee B East Prussia
5.41 I 18. Armee C East Prussia
6.41 - 8.41 I 18. Armee Nord Tilsit, Volkhov
9.41 - 11.41 I 16. Armee Nord Grusino, Murmansk-rail line
12.41 - 4.42 I 18. Armee Nord Volkhov
5.42 - 1.43 XXVIII 18. Armee Nord Ladoga
2.43 - 3.43 XXVI 18. Armee Nord Ladoga
4.43 - 8.43 LIV 18. Armee Nord Ladoga
9.43 XXVI 18. Armee Nord Ladoga
10.43 XXXVIII 18. Armee Nord Volkhov
11.43 - 12.43 XXVIII 18. Armee Nord Volkhov
1.44 - 9.44 XXVIII 18. Armee Nord Pleskau, Walk, Riga
10.44 IX 3. Pz. Armee Mitte Tilsit
11.44 Reserve 4. Armee Mitte East Prussia
12.44 XXXIX 4. Armee Mitte East Prussia
1.45 XXXXI 4. Armee Mitte East Prussia
2.45 - 3.45 XX 4. Armee Nord East Prussia (Heiligenbeil)
4.45 XXVI Ostpreussen - East Prussia (Pillau)

Bibliography


  • Die deutschen Infanterie-Divisonen, Band 1-3, by Werner Haupt
  • Die deutsche Feldpostübersicht 1939-1945, Band 1-3, by Nobert Kannapin
  • Die Pflege der Tradition der alten Armee in Reichsheer und im der Wehrmacht, by Schirmer/Wiener
  • Die Truppenkennzeichen... der deutchen Wehrmacht u. Waffen-SS, Band 1-4, by Schmitz/Thies
  • Der Zweite Weltkrieg im Kartenbild, Band 1-3, by Klaus-Jurgen Thies
  • Deutsche Verbände und Truppen 1918-1939, by George Tessin
  • Verbände und Truppen der deutchen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS..., Band 1-14, by Georg Tessin
  • Formationsgeschichte und Stellenbesetzung 1815-1939, Teil 1, der deutschen Heer, Band 1-3, by Günter Wegner
  • Die Deutsche Wehrmacht u. Waffen-SS, Ihre Kommando. u. Grossverbände... im Zweiten Weltkrieg, author unknown
  • Das Reichsheer und Seine Tradition, author unknown
  • Deutsche Rote Kreuz Suchdienst, Divisionsschicksale, author unknown
  • Reforging the Iron Cross, The Search for Tradition..., by Donald Abenheim
  • The German Infantry Handbook 1939-1945, by Alex Buchner
  • German Army Order of Battle: The Replacement Army 1939-1945, by Victor Madej
  • German Army Order of Battle: Field Army and Officer Corps 1939-1945, by Victor Madej
  • Hitler's Legions, by Samuel Mitcham
  • German Order of Battle World War II, Vol I, by George Nafziger
  • German Order of Battle 1944, author unknown