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14.Panzer-Division

Unit Emblems


  14.Panzer-Division Emblem  

Lineage


  • Wehrgauleitung Dresden
  • Artillerieführer IV
  • 4.Infanterie-Division
  • 14.Panzer-Division

Campaigns


  • Balkans 1941
  • Eastern Front 1941-1943
  • West 1943
  • Eastern Front 1943-1945

History


The 14.Panzer-Division was formed in August of 1940 from the 4.Infanterie-Division, with Panzer-Regiment 36 taken from the 4.Panzer-Division.

The 14.Panzer initially saw action during the Campaign in the Balkans in March and April, 1941.

Soon after the Balkans, the 14.Panzer became a part of the southern sector of the Eastern Front in June, 1941, when Germany invaded the Soviet Union. The 14.Panzer was engaged nearly continously throughout the summer, fall and winter of 1941, taking part in Battles for Kiev, Rostov, in the Chernigovka Pocket, and in the defensive engagments against the first Soviet winter counter-offensive of 1941/42.

Having lasted through the first Soviet winter counter-offensive, the Germans shifted their attack from the Moscow region south against the steppes of the Ukraine, with the ultimage goal of taking the vital regions of the steppes, Don and Volga River and the Caucasus far to the south. Still a part of the southern sector of the front, the 14.Panzer took part in the German assualt and raced across the steppes passing through the Mius, Charkow, Kupiansk, and Don regions before becoming engaged and then encircled in the Stalingrad Pocket in the Winter of 1942/43, where it was completely destroyed by February, 1943.

In April, 1943 the 14.Panzer-Division was reformed in Brittany, France and sent back to the Eastern Front in October, 1943. The 14th then took part in the 2nd Battle for Kiev and in defensive actions during the withdrawl from the Dnieper.

From January to June, 1944, the 14.Panzer took part in actions in the Kirovograd, Zveningerodka, Kishinevo, and Jassi regions. The 14th was pulled from the front in July, 1944 for rest and refit, and then sent to the nothern sector of the Eastern Front in August to take part in postional defensive actions in Kurland, mainly near Libau, until it surrendered with the collapse of Germany in May, 1945, when the Kurland Pocket fell.

Organization


1940
14.Schutzen-Brigade w/
Schützen-Regiment 103
Schützen-Regiment 108
Kradschützen-Bataillon 64
Panzer-Regiment 36
Panzer-Artillerie-Regiment 4
Panzerjäger-Abteilung 4
Panzer-Aufklärung-Abteilung 40
Pionier-Bataillon 13
Nachrichten-Abteilung 4
Felderstatz-Bataillon 4
14th Divisional Support Units

Reformed 1943
Panzergrenadier-Regiment 103
Panzergrenadier-Regiment 108
Panzer-Regiment 36
Kradschützen-Bataillon 64
Panzer-Artillerie-Regiment 4
Heeres-Flak-Abteilung 276
Panzerjäger-Abteilung 4
Paner-Pionier-Bataillon 13
Panzer-Nachrichten-Abteilung 4
Felderstatz-Bataillon 4
14th Divisional Support Units

Knights Cross Holders



War Service


Dates Korps Armee Armeegrupp Area
11.40-1.41 XXXXVI 11. Armee C Germany
2.41 XXXXVIII 17. Armee B Germany
3.41 Reserve 17. Armee B Ungarn
4.41 XXXXVI 2. Armee Jugoslawien
5.41-6.41 WK III BdE Döberitz
7.41-9.41 III 1. Pz.Gruppe Süd Cholm-Dnjepopetrowsk
10.41-11.41 XIV 1. Pz.Armee Süd Don, Rostow
12.41-1.42 III 1. Pz.Armee Süd Mius
2.42-5.42 III Kleist Süd Mius
6.42 III 6. Armee Süd Charkow, Kupiansk
7.42 XIV 1. Pz.Armee Süd Don
8.42-10.42 XXXXVIII 4. Pz.Armee B Kalmuck Steppe
11.42 LI 6. Armee B Stalingrad
12.42-2.43 Reserve 6. Armee Don Stalingrad
Destroyed in Stalingrad
4.43-8.43 Reserve 1. Armee D Westfrankreich
9.43-10.43 Reserve D Westfrankreich
11.43 LVII 1. Pz.Armee Süd Kriwoi Rog
12.43 XI 8. Armee Süd Kirowograd
1.44-2.44 XXXXVII 8. Armee Süd Tscherkassy
3.44 Reserve 8. Armee Mitte Tscherkassy
4.44 XXX 6. Armee Südukraine Pruth, Jassy
5.44 XXXX 6. Armee Südukraine Pruth, Jassy
6.44-7.44 (Refreshing) Reserve 8. Armee Südukraine Ceterini
8.44 Reserve 18. Armee Nord Kurland
9.44-11.44 X 18. Armee Nord Kurland
12.44-1.45 II 18. Armee Nord Kurland
2.45-4.45 Reserve 18. Armee Kurland Kurland

Bibliography


  • Die deutschen Infanterie-Divisonen, Band 1-3, by Werner Haupt
  • Die deutsche Feldpostübersicht 1939-1945, Band 1-3, by Nobert Kannapin
  • Die Pflege der Tradition der alten Armee in Reichsheer und im der Wehrmacht, by Schirmer/Wiener
  • Die Truppenkennzeichen... der deutchen Wehrmacht u. Waffen-SS, Band 1-4, by Schmitz/Thies
  • Der Zweite Weltkrieg im Kartenbild, Band 1-3, by Klaus-Jurgen Thies
  • Deutsche Verbände und Truppen 1918-1939, by George Tessin
  • Verbände und Truppen der deutchen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS..., Band 1-14, by Georg Tessin
  • Formationsgeschichte und Stellenbesetzung 1815-1939, Teil 1, der deutschen Heer, Band 1-3, by Günter Wegner
  • Die Deutsche Wehrmacht u. Waffen-SS, Ihre Kommando. u. Grossverbände... im Zweiten Weltkrieg, author unknown
  • Das Reichsheer und Seine Tradition, author unknown
  • Deutsche Rote Kreuz Suchdienst, Divisionsschicksale, author unknown

  • Reforging the Iron Cross, The Search for Tradition..., by Donald Abenheim
  • The German Infantry Handbook 1939-1945, by Alex Buchner
  • German Army Order of Battle: The Replacement Army 1939-1945, by Victor Madej
  • German Army Order of Battle: Field Army and Officer Corps 1939-1945, by Victor Madej
  • Hitler's Legions, by Samuel Mitcham
  • German Order of Battle World War II, Vol I, by George Nafziger
  • German Order of Battle 1944, author unknown