Feldgrau helmet logo
Feldgrau.com
German Armed Forces Research 1918-1945
WW2-German-Iron-Cross-Oakbar

12.Armee-Oberkommando

Campaigns


  • Westwall 1939
  • Western Campaign 1940
  • Balkan Campaign 1941
  • Balkan Occupation 1941-1943
  • Eastern Front 1945

History


The 12. Armee was established on 13 October 1939. Initially they served as security on the Western Frontier in the Eifel from 13 October 1939 through 9 May 1940. Beginning on 10 May 1940 through 25 June 1940 they fought in the Western Campaign and then from 26 June 1940 through the end of December 1940 they served as occupying forces in France.

From 3 January 1941 through 5 April 1941 they were located first in Rumania then in Bulgaria.

From 6 April 1941 through 10 May 1941 they fought in the Balkan Campaign, first in Yugoslavia and then in Greece. From 11 May 1941 until 23 January 1943 they serve as occupation forces in Greece, Crete and the Aegean Islands. They were dissolved on 23 January 1943 becoming Heeresgruppe “E”. They were in the Balkans from 3 January 1941 through 23 January 1943, a total of 751 days.

The 12. Armee was reformed on 10 April 1945 from remnants of Heeresgruppenkommandos Nord. They fought to the end in the east.

Organization


Korück 560
Armee-Nachschubführer 561
Armee-Nachrichten-Regiment 521

after reformation

Höherer Arko AOK 12

Commanders


Wilhelm List 10.13.1939
after reformation
Walther Wenck 4.10.1945

Calendar of Battles and Engagements


Western Campaign Calendar of Battles and Engagements
1. Security of the Western Border in the Eifel Region. 10.13.1939 5.9.1940 210
2. Advance Across Luxemburg. Breakthrough the Southern Fortifications in the Ardennes and Pursuit Fighting to Semois. 5.10.1940 5.12.1940 3
3. Breakthrough Battles by Sedan and Charleville, 5.13.1940 5.15.1940 3
4. Pursuit Fighting from the Maas River to the Oise and Aisne Rivers. 5.16.1940 5.20.1940 5
5. Defensive Fighting by La Fére to Chemin des Dames and the Aisne River. 5.21.1940 6.4.1940 15
6. Breakthrough Battles across the French Aisne Front. 6.9.1940 6.13.1940 5
7. Pursuit Fighting across the Champagne Region and over the Rhein-Marne Canal to the Swiss Border. 6.14.1940 6.17.1940 4
8. Pursuit Fighting on Both Sides of Cote d’Or. 6.18.1940 6.22.1940 5
9. Attack Fighting against Isére and the Western Alps. 6.23.1940 6.25.1940 3
10. Security on the Demarcation Line. 6.26.1940 7.2.1940 7
11. Occupation of France. 7.3.1940 12.31.1940 182


Balkan Campaign Calendar of Battles and Engagements
1. Deployment in Rumania. 1.3.1941 3.1.1941 58
2. Marching Through Bulgaria 3.2.1941 4.5.1941 35
3. Breakthrough Southern Serbia to the Albanian Frontier. 4.6.1941 4.12.1941 7
4. Breakthrough Battles to the Metaxas Line and Capture of Saloniki. 4.6.1941 4.9.1941 4
5. Advance on Belgrad [Panzer-Gruppe 1] 4.8.1941 4.12.1941 5
a. Attack Battles Around Pirot-Nis. 4.8.1941 4.9.1941 2
b. Pursuit Battles Over Nis-Kragujevas Towards Belgrad. 4.9.1941 4.12.1941 4
c. Breakthrough South of Temesvar and Advance on Belgrad. 4.11.1941 4.12.1941 2
6. Fighting Near Vevi-Ptolemais and Advance on Aliakmon. 4.10.1941 4.14.1941 5
7. Battle for Olympus. 4.14.1941 4.18.1941 5
8. Pursuit Fighting to Thessalien and Advance on Jamina. 4.19.1941 4.21.1941 3
9. Battles by Thermopylen and Pursuit Fighting by Athens. 4.22.1941 4.27.1941 6
10. Conquest of the Peloponnes. 4.27.1941 4.30.1941 4
11. Occupation of the Aegian Islands. 4.15.1941 5.10.1941 26
12. Securing Greece. by 5.1.1941 -
13. Securing Aegian Islands. by 5.11.1941 -
14. Conquest of Crete [Luftlande-Operation Kreta]. 5.20.1941 6.1.1941 13
a. Fighting for Malemes, Chania and Suda Bay. 5.20.1941 5.27.1941 8
b. Fighting for Rethimmon. 5.20.1941 5.30.1941 11
c. Fighting for Iraklion. 5.20.1941 5.29.1941 10
d. Fighting around Suda Bay and Advance on Rethimmon and Iraklion. 5.27.1941 5.30.1941 4
e. Advance on Sfakia and Capture of Skakia. 5.29.1941 6.1.1941 4
15. Security of Crete and Occupation in Serbia, Croatia and Greece. 6.2.1941 1.23.1943 601


Eastern Campaign Calendar of Battles and Engagements
1. Defensive Fighting on the Elbe River and Braunschweig. 4.10.1945 4.22.1945 11
2. Fighting to Relieve Berlin. 4.23.1945 5.2.1945 10
3. Withdrawal Fighting to the Elbe River by Tangermünde. 5.3.1945 5.7.1945 5

German Bibliography


  • Die deutschen Infanterie-Divisonen, Band 1-3, by Werner Haupt
  • Die deutsche Feldpostübersicht 1939-1945, Band 1-3, by Nobert Kannapin
  • Die Pflege der Tradition der alten Armee in Reichsheer und im der Wehrmacht, by Schirmer/Wiener
  • Die Truppenkennzeichen... der deutchen Wehrmacht u. Waffen-SS, Band 1-4, by Schmitz/Thies
  • Der Zweite Weltkrieg im Kartenbild, Band 1-3, by Klaus-Jurgen Thies
  • Deutsche Verbände und Truppen 1918-1939, by George Tessin
  • Verbände und Truppen der deutchen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS..., Band 1-14, by Georg Tessin
  • Formationsgeschichte und Stellenbesetzung 1815-1939, Teil 1, der deutschen Heer, Band 1-3, by Günter Wegner
  • Die Deutsche Wehrmacht u. Waffen-SS, Ihre Kommando. u. Grossverbände... im Zweiten Weltkrieg, author unknown
  • Das Reichsheer und Seine Tradition, author unknown
  • Deutsche Rote Kreuz Suchdienst, Divisionsschicksale, author unknown

English Bibliography (Available on Amazon)