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 12.Panzer-Division by Jason Pipes
Unit Emblems

                

Lineage

  • Wehrgauleitung Stettin
  • Artillerieführer II
  • 2.Infanterie-Division
  • 2.Infanterie-Divison (mot)
  • 12.Panzer-Division

    Traditions


    Absorbed


    Mobilized


    Campaigns

  • Eatern Front 1941-1945

    Notable Points


    Fate


    History

    The 12.Panzer-Division was formed from the 2.Infanterie-Division (mot) in October, 1940, being fully formed in January, 1941.

    In July, 1941, the 12.Panzer was moved to the Eastern Front and took part in operations to encircle Minsk, cross the Dnieper and to take Smolensk. Moved to the Northern Front, 12.Panzer fought in the Battle of Mga, and then suffered heavy losses during the Soviet Winter counter-offenisive against the Germans in the North near Leningrad.

    The 12.Panzer was then withdrwan to Estonia to rest and refit, and then quickly transfered back to fight again in the numerous battles south of Leningrad. The 12.Panzer was transfered to Army Group Center in November, 1942, near Roslavl.

    During the period March-August, 1943, the 12.Panzer took part in operations in and around Orel, Bryansk, Gomel, and Zhlobin. In the Summer of 1943, the 12.Panzer took part in the German offensive against the Kursk salient, and in the fall of 1943, in defensive operations along the Dnieper in the central front.

    In February, 1944, the 12.Panzer-Division was once again transfered north to take part in the desperate battles around Leningrad, but was not able to help stem the massive Soviet offensives against Army Group North. Throughout the next few months, the 12.Panzer withdrew west through the Baltic region along with the rest of the retreating German forces, until it was pushed into the Kurland Pocket in September, 1944. Holding out until May, 1945, the 12.Panzer-Division surrendered to the Soviets in May, 1945 when Festung Kurland was forced to lay down its arms.

    Organization

    1940
    12.Schutzen-Brigade
    Schützen-Regiment 5
    Schützen-Regiment 25
    Kradschützen-Bataillon 22
    Panzer-Regiment 29
    Artillerie-Regiment (mot.) 2
    Aufklärungs-Abteilung (mot.) 12
    Panzerjäger-Abteilung 2
    Panzer.Pionier-Bataillon 32
    Panzer-Nachrichten-Abteilung 2
    Felderstatz-Bataillon 2
    2nd Divisional Support Units

    1943
    Panzergrenadier-Regiment 5
    Panzergrenadier-Regiment 25
    Panzer-Regiment 29
    Artillerie-Regiment 2
    Panzer-Aufklärung-Abteilung 12
    Panzerjäger-Abteilung 2
    Panzer-Pionier-Bataillon 32
    Panzer-Nachrichten-Abteilung 2
    Heeres-Flak-Abteilung 303
    Felderstatz-Bataillon 2
    2nd Divisional Support Units

    Commanders


    Knights Cross Holders



    War Service

    Dates
    Korps
    Armee
    Armeegrupp
    Area
    12.40-4.41 XXXXVI 11. Armee C Germany
    5.41-6.41 WK III 3. Pz.Gruppe C Germany
    7.41-8.41 XXXIX 3. Pz.Gruppe Mitte Minsk, Smolensk
    9.41-12.41 XXXIX 16. Armee Nord Leningrad, Tichwin
    1.42 Reserve 18. Armee Nord Estonia
    2.42-4.42 Reserve Nord Wolchow
    5.42-8.42 XXVIII 18. Armee Nord Ladoga
    9.42 XXVI 18. Armee Nord Ladoga
    10.42 Reserve 11. Armee Nord Newel
    11.42 Reserve OKH Mitte Newel
    12.42 XXXXI 9. Armee Mitte Bjeloje, Newel
    1.43 XXIII 9. Armee Mitte Bjeloje, Newel
    2.43 Reserve 3. Pz.Armee Mitte Witebsk
    3.43 XXXXVI 2. Pz.Armee Mitte Orel
    4.43 Reserve Mitte Orel
    5.43 Reserve 2. Pz.Armee Mitte Orel
    6.43 XXXXVI 2. Pz.Armee Mitte Orel
    7.43 Reserve Mitte Orel
    8.43 XXXV 2. Pz.Armee Mitte Orel
    9.43-10.43 LVI 2. Armee Mitte Orel, Gomel
    11.43 XX 2. Armee/TD> Mitte Desna
    12.43 LVI 2. Armee Mitte Mosyr, Pripjet
    1.44 Reserve 3. Pz.Armee Mitte Mosyr, Pripjet
    2.44 Reserve 18. Armee Nord Leningrad, Luga
    3.44 VIII 16. Armee Nord Pleskau, Idritza
    4.44-6.44 Reserve Nord Pleskau
    7.44 LV 2. Armee Mitte Bobruisk
    8.44-9.44 XXXIX 3. Pz.Armee Mitte Ostpreußen, Kurland
    10.44 XXXIX 18. Armee Nord Kurland
    11.44 Reserve Kleffel Nord Kurland
    12.44 XXXVIII 16. Armee Nord Kurland
    1.45 VI. SS 16. Armee Nord Kurland
    2.45 Reserve 16. Armee Kurland Kurland
    3.45 Reserve 18. Armee Kurland Kurland
    4.45 VI. SS 16. Armee Kurland Kurland

    Bibliography



  • Die deutschen Infanterie-Divisonen, Band 1-3, by Werner Haupt
  • Die deutsche Feldpostübersicht 1939-1945, Band 1-3, by Nobert Kannapin
  • Die Pflege der Tradition der alten Armee in Reichsheer und im der Wehrmacht, by Schirmer/Wiener
  • Die Truppenkennzeichen... der deutchen Wehrmacht u. Waffen-SS, Band 1-4, by Schmitz/Thies
  • Der Zweite Weltkrieg im Kartenbild, Band 1-3, by Klaus-Jurgen Thies
  • Deutsche Verbände und Truppen 1918-1939, by George Tessin
  • Verbände und Truppen der deutchen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS..., Band 1-14, by Georg Tessin
  • Formationsgeschichte und Stellenbesetzung 1815-1939, Teil 1, der deutschen Heer, Band 1-3, by Günter Wegner
  • Die Deutsche Wehrmacht u. Waffen-SS, Ihre Kommando. u. Großverbände... im Zweiten Weltkrieg, author unknown
  • Das Reichsheer und Seine Tradition, author unknown
  • Deutsche Rote Kreuz Suchdienst, Divisionsschicksale, author unknown

  • Reforging the Iron Cross, The Search for Tradition..., by Donald Abenheim
  • The German Infantry Handbook 1939-1945, by Alex Buchner
  • German Army Order of Battle: The Replacement Army 1939-1945, by Victor Madej
  • German Army Order of Battle: Field Army and Officer Corps 1939-1945, by Victor Madej
  • Hitler's Legions, by Samuel Mitcham
  • German Order of Battle World War II, Vol I, by George Nafziger
  • German Order of Battle 1944, author unknown

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