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373.Infanterie-Division

Lineage


  • 7.Gebirgs-Brigade (kroat.)
  • 373.Infanterie-Division (kroat.)

Campaigns


  • Balkans 1943-1945

History


On January 6th, 1943, the German Army formed a second German-Croatian Division at Dollersheim, Germany. The first unit was the 369.Infanterie-Division (kroat.), and later a third was formed, the 392.Infanterie-Division (kroat.). This Division, like the others before and after it, was created for service in Croatia on anti-Partisan duties. Titled 373.Infanterie-Division (Kroat.) the Division was also nicknamed "Tigar" (Tiger) by its men.

The 373rd Division was assigned an Area of Operation, reaching from Karlovac in the east, to Sarajevo in the west, and from the Adriatic coast of Croatia in the south, to the Sava River in the north. Most of the anti-Partisan drives were in the Banja Luka - Bihac areas.

In May of 1944, the 373.Infanterie-Division (Kroat.) participated in Operation "Rosselsprung" (Knight's Move), the attempt to capture the Communist Partisan leader Tito.

In the Fall of 1944, the Division absorbed the 2nd Jager Brigade of the Croatian Army as its 3rd Regiment (kroat.Grenadier-Regiment 385). On December 6th 1944, the Division participated in the defence of Knin, where it was heavily mauled. Survivors retreated to the northwest towards Bihac.

By January of 1945, the Division's remnants were fighting in the Bihac area as part of the XV.Gebrigs-Korps. Battles continued with the Division moving to the Kostajnica region in late April of 1945. Survivors surrendered to the Partisans west of Sisak in May of 1945.

Organization


Order of Battle 1943
Kroat.Grenadier-Regiment 383
Kroat.Grenadier-Regiment 384
Artillerie-Regiment 373
Aufklärungs-Abteilung 373
Panzerjäger-Abteilung 373
Pionier-Bataillon 373
Nachrichten-Abteiliung 373
Sanitäts-Abteilung 373
Feldersatz-Bataillon 373

Later, Kroat.Grenadier-Regiment 385 was added from the former 2nd Jager Brigade of the Croatian Army.

Knights Cross Holders



War Service


Dates Korps Armee Armeegrupp Area
2.43-8.43 Befh.d.dt. Truppen in Kroatien E Banja-Luka
9.43-5.44 XV 2. Pz. Armee F Banja-Luka
6.44-7.44 LXIX 2. Pz. Armee F Drvar
8.44-12.44 XV 2. Pz. Armee K Knin
1.45-3.45 XV Hgr. E F Bihac
4.45 (Remnants) XV E Sisak

Bibliography


  • Die deutschen Infanterie-Divisonen, Band 1-3, by Werner Haupt
  • Die deutsche Feldpostübersicht 1939-1945, Band 1-3, by Nobert Kannapin
  • Die Pflege der Tradition der alten Armee in Reichsheer und im der Wehrmacht, by Schirmer/Wiener
  • Die Truppenkennzeichen... der deutchen Wehrmacht u. Waffen-SS, Band 1-4, by Schmitz/Thies
  • Der Zweite Weltkrieg im Kartenbild, Band 1-3, by Klaus-Jurgen Thies
  • Deutsche Verbände und Truppen 1918-1939, by George Tessin
  • Verbände und Truppen der deutchen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS..., Band 1-14, by Georg Tessin
  • Formationsgeschichte und Stellenbesetzung 1815-1939, Teil 1, der deutschen Heer, Band 1-3, by Günter Wegner
  • Die Deutsche Wehrmacht u. Waffen-SS, Ihre Kommando. u. Grossverbände... im Zweiten Weltkrieg, author unknown
  • Das Reichsheer und Seine Tradition, author unknown
  • Deutsche Rote Kreuz Suchdienst, Divisionsschicksale, author unknown
  • Reforging the Iron Cross, The Search for Tradition..., by Donald Abenheim
  • The German Infantry Handbook 1939-1945, by Alex Buchner
  • German Army Order of Battle: The Replacement Army 1939-1945, by Victor Madej
  • German Army Order of Battle: Field Army and Officer Corps 1939-1945, by Victor Madej
  • Hitler's Legions, by Samuel Mitcham
  • German Order of Battle World War II, Vol I, by George Nafziger
  • German Order of Battle 1944, author unknown